42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976_00.1
UPSC Exam   »   How to Prepare for UPSC CSE Mains Examination: Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners   »   42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976

42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976

About 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act (CAA)

  • It was enacted during the Indira Gandhi government. It is termed as one of the most controversial amendments to the constitution as it attempted to reduce the power of the Supreme Court and the High Courts and curve many other socio-political liberties.
  • It attempted to alter the basic structure of the constitution. A list of major amendments brought out by the 42nd Amendment is given below

42nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976_50.1

Get free video for UPSC CSE preparation and make your dream of becoming an IAS/IPS/IRS a reality

 

List of key Amendments introduced by 42nd Amendment:

 

The list includes only those amendments which are still part of the constitution and not struck down either by the Parliament of the Judiciary.

 

                               Amendments                                  Key Details
Preamble Three words ‘Socialist’, ‘Secular’ and ‘Integrity’ added in the Preamble
New Directives added under Part VI Three new DPSPs were added to the existing list of DPSPs and one was amended:

  1. Article 39: to secure opportunities for the healthy development of children.
  2. Article 39 A: to promote equal justice and to provide free legal aid to the poor
  3. Article 43 A: to take steps to secure the participation of workers in the management of industries.
  4. Article 48 A: to protect and improve the environment and to safeguard forests and wildlife

 

Concurrent List under VII Schedule Transferred five subjects from the state list to the concurrent list:

  1. Education
  2. Forests
  3. Weights & Measures
  4. Protection of Wild Animals and Birds
  5. Administration of Justice
New Part IV A (Art 51 A) added 10 Fundamental Duties added for the citizens. (The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added upon the recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee that was constituted by the government in 1976).

 

*11th Fundamental Duty was added by 86th Constitutional Amendment Act: a parent or guardian is to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years).

Added Part XIV A (Articles 323A and 323B) Provided for ‘administrative tribunals’ and ‘tribunals for other matters’
Amended Article 74(1)  to make the President to act in accordance with the advice of the Council of Ministers.

This was modified by 44th Amendment which provided that President can send back once the advice for reconsideration. But, the reconsidered advice is to be binding on the president.

Amended Article 102 (1)(a) to provide that a person will be so disqualified if he holds any such office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State as is declared by Parliamentary law to disqualify offices will vest in Parliament instead of in the State Legislature.

 

 

National Security Act,1980

Sharing is caring!

×

Download success!

Thanks for downloading the guide. For similar guides, free study material, quizzes, videos and job alerts you can download the Adda247 app from play store.

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Was this page helpful?

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Login

OR

Forgot Password?

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Sign Up

OR
Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Forgot Password

Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you an OTP to verify it's you.


Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to
/6


Did not recive OTP?

Resend in 60s

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Change Password



Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Almost there

Please enter your phone no. to proceed
+91

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to Edit Number


Did not recive OTP?

Resend 60

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?