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25th October 2023 Current Affairs for UPSC and STATE PSC Exams

25th October 2023 Current Affair: These current affairs updates for October 25th, 2023, provide valuable information to aid your preparation for UPSC Current Affairs 2023 and State PSC exams. The news headlines covered in the current affairs for October 25th, 2023 include Impact of Extreme Weather Events on Agriculture and Food Security Increased, Mumbai’s Worsening Air Quality: A Looming Crisis, Supporting the Mental Well-being of Indian School Children, China Plans to Construct the World’s Largest “Ghost Particle” Detector.

1) China Plans to Construct the World’s Largest “Ghost Particle” Detector

Ghost Particle
Ghost Particle
  • Neutrinos Are Subatomic Particles: Neutrinos are extremely tiny subatomic particles that make up a significant portion of the universe.
  • Electrically Neutral: Neutrinos have no electrical charge, similar to neutrons, making them challenging to detect.
  • Mysterious and Abundant: Neutrinos are abundant in the universe, yet their elusive nature and unusual properties have puzzled scientists for years.
  • China’s Large Detector: China is building a massive neutrino detector in the Pacific Ocean to study these ghostly particles and uncover cosmic mysteries.

2) Supporting the Mental Well-being of Indian School Children

Mental Well-being
Mental Well-being
  • High Prevalence of Mental Disorders: The National Mental Health Survey (NMHS) conducted in India in 2015-16 reported a high prevalence of mental disorders, affecting 7.3% of children aged 13 to 17, with similar rates in both genders.
  • Early Marriages and Motherhood: The survey revealed that a significant number of girls were getting married before the legal age (26.8%) and were already mothers or pregnant at ages 15 to 19 (8%).
  • Violence Against Women: Troubling statistics showed that 37% of women aged 15 to 24 experienced physical, sexual, or emotional violence from their husbands, with some victims falling within the school-age bracket.
  • Neglected Mental Health of Schoolchildren: Despite these findings, there has been a relative lack of attention to the mental health of schoolchildren in India, emphasizing the need for improved mental health programs and support for this vulnerable demographic.

3) Mumbai’s Worsening Air Quality: A Looming Crisis

Mumbai's Worsening Air Quality
Mumbai’s Worsening Air Quality
  • Coastal Advantage Eroding: Mumbai’s coastal location and sea breezes historically protected the city from severe air pollution, setting it apart from other polluted Indian cities.
  • Weakening Natural Defense: Recent years have seen a decline in the city’s natural defenses against pollution, with sea breezes becoming less effective at maintaining air quality.
  • Increased Poor Air Quality: As a result, Mumbai is experiencing more frequent episodes of poor air quality, which is causing concern among residents and environmental experts.
  • Environmental Consequences: The deteriorating air quality in Mumbai could have far-reaching environmental and public health consequences, requiring attention and intervention.

4) Impact of Extreme Weather Events on Agriculture and Food Security Increased

Agriculture and Food Security Increased
Agriculture and Food Security Increased
  • Increasing Frequency of Extreme Events: The world has seen a notable rise in the frequency and severity of extreme events over recent years, posing threats to both human lives and the global economy.
  • Alarming Economic Losses: Over the last 30 years, the losses incurred from these extreme events have reached a staggering $3.8 trillion, averaging around $123 billion annually.
  • Fourfold Rise in Disaster Events: In the past two decades, the number of disaster events has quadrupled, increasing from about 100 per year in the 1970s to 400 events annually.
  • Global Food Security at Risk: This growing trend of extreme events endangers the global food security foundation, highlighting the need for comprehensive strategies to address this critical issue.

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Hey there! I'm Nikesh, a content writer at Adda247. I specialize in creating informative content focused on UPSC and State PSC exams. Join me as we unravel the complexities of these exams and turn aspirations into achievements together!

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