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Scientific Name of All Plants & Trees in English PDF Download

Every year lakhs of candidates prepare for competitive teaching exams. The candidates need to study multiple subjects to strengthen their knowledge and understanding to be able to crack these competitive exams. One of the most important sections/subjects is General Knowledge. In this section, the candidates are asked about various topics from history to geography and science to literature. Thus the candidates must be prepared to answer all such questions. One such important topic is Plants and the Scientific Name of Plants & Trees. In this article, you will find all the common plants and the Scientific Name of Plants.

What does the Scientific Name of Plants mean?

The Scientific Name of Plants is also known as the Binomial Nomenclature. Every plant is given a unique name by scientists to sort them into groups. This helps to easily identify the plants and the family they belong to. All Plants Scientific Name is derived from Latin. The Scientific Name of Plants is divided into two names. One suggests the name of the genus and the other is the specific name given to the plant. Combining these two names every plant gets its unique Scientific Name of Plants.

List of Scientific Names of Plants

Here is the list of All Plants Scientific Name that is commonly found around the world. The candidates preparing for the competitive teaching exams must go through the list and memorize it by heart. Reading and memorizing the Scientific Name of Plants will help them to strengthen their preparation and understanding of general knowledge about plants.

Common Plants & Scientific Name of Plants

Scientific Name Common Name 
Malus domestica Apple
Bamboosa aridinarifolia Bamboo
Musa paradisiaca Banana
Ficus benghalensis Banyan
Plasoes mungo Black Gram
Piper nigrum Black Pepper
Solanum melongena Brinjal
Capsicum frutescens Capsicum
Daucas carota Carrot
Syzygium aromaticum Clove
Coriandrum sativum Coriander
Gossypium herbaceum Cotton
Cucumis sativus Cucumber
Murraya koenigii Curry plant
Moringa oleifera Drumstick
Allium sativum Garlic
Zingiber officinale Ginger
Phaseolies aulicus Green Gram
Psidium guajava Guava
Lawsonia inermis Henna
Dolichos biffoeus Horse Gram
Sorghum vulgare Jowar
Citrus limonium Lemon
Lactuca sativa Lettuce
Zea mays Maize
Mangifera indica Mango
Mentha arvensis Mint
Epipremnum aureum Money Plant
Azadirachta indica Neem
Allium cepa Onion
Citrus aurantium Orange
Ananas comosus Pineapple
Solanum tuberosum Potato
Raphanus sativus Radish
Cajanus cajan Red Gram
Santalum album Sandalwood
Spinacia oleracea Spinach
Nicotina tobaccum Tobacco
Solanum lycopersicum Tomato
Ocimum sanctum Tulsi
Curcuma longa Turmeric
Citrullus vulgaris Watermelon
Triticum aestivum Wheat

Scientific Name of Plants – Vegetables

Here is the list of Scientific Name of Plants which come under the classification of vegetables. Read the following table carefully. The candidates must know the Scientific Name of Plants that vegetable based.

Vegetables

Scientific Name Common Name
Allium cepa Onion
Solanum tubersum Potato
Cucumis sativas Cucumber
Lactuca sativa Lettuce
Daucas carota Carrot
Lycopersican esculentum Tomato
Solanum melongena Brinjal
Raphanus sativus Radish
Capsicum fruitscence Capsicum
Spinacia oleracea Spinach
Spinacea Oleracea Beans
Beta Vulgaris crassa group Beet
Capsicum annum Bell pepper
Momordica Charantia Bitter Gourds
Brassica oleracea italica group Broccoli
Brassica oleracea capitata group Cabbage
Brassica oleracea Cauliflower
Capsicum Annuum Chilli

Scientific Name of Plants- Fruits

Here is the list of Scientific Name of Plants which are fruit plants. You will find All Plants Scientific Name that is fruit based.

Fruits

Scientific Name Common Name
Mangifera indica Mango
Pyrus malus Apple
Citrullus vulgaris Watermelon
Citrus Limonium Lemon
Citrus aurantium Orange
Musa paradisicum Banana
Psidium guava Guava
Ananus sativus Pineapple
Achras sapota Chiku
Artocarpus integra Jack fruit

Scientific Name of Plants – Cereal, Pulses, Millets

The candidates must also know the Scientific Name of Plants which are cereal, pulses, and millet based. Here is the list of the most common cereals, pulses and millets found in India and the Scientific Name of Plants.

Cereal, Pulses, Millets

Scientific Name Common Name
Zea mays Maize
Oryza sativa, Oryza glaberrima Rice
Triticum aestivum Wheat
Sorghum vulgare Jowar
Dolichos biffoeus Horse Gram
Cajanus cajan Red Gram
Phaseolus mungo Green Gram

Scientific Name of Plants – Spices

India is a land of spices. Thus, candidates preparing for the competitive exams must a good idea about the Scientific Name of Plants which are spices based. In the following table, the candidates will find the names of the common spices in India and the Scientific Name of Plants

Spices

Scientific Name Common Name
Zingiber officinale Ginger
Allium sativum Garlic
Piper nigrum Black Pepper
Syzygium aromaticum Clove
Curcuma longa Turmeric
Elettaria cardamomum Cardamom
Cinnamomum verum Cinnamon
Cuminum cyminum Cumin
Coriandrum sativum Coriander
Myristica fragrans Houtt Nutmeg
Brassica Nigra Mustard Seed
Trigonella foenum-graecum Fenugreek

Scientific Name of Plants and Trees

Check out the following table for the most plants and trees found in India and the Scientific Name of Plants and Trees. These common plants are famous for their various purposes. Some of them are popular for their medicinal purpose and others for the taste they add to Indian Cuisine.

Plants and Trees

Scientific Name Common Name
Azadirachta indica Neem
Ficus benghalensis Banyan
Nicotina tobaccum Tobacco
Bamboosa aridinarifolia Bamboo
Moringa oleifera Drumstick
Ocimum sanctum Tulsi
Santalum album Sandalwood
Gossypium herbaceum Cotton
Epipremnum aureum Money Plant, Devil’s Ivy
Murraya koenigii Curry plant (leaves)
Mentha arvensis Mint (Pudina)
Lawsonia inermis Henna (Mehndi)

Scientific Name of Plants: FAQs

Q: What are the scientific names of plants?

A: Plants are mainly multicellular organisms, predominantly photosynthetic eukaryotes of the kingdom Plantae. So, Plantae is the botanical name or scientific name of plants.

Q: Where can I find the list of scientific names for fruits and vegetables?

A: You can find the complete list of Scientific Name of the fruits and vegetables in the above article.

Q: Do Trees have Scientific Names?

A: Yes, Trees do have scientific names as Plants. Read the article above for further information.

 

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