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C. V. Raman Biography, Birth, Education, Invention & Achievement

C. V. Raman was one of the most influential and great scientists and physicists in India. He enlightened the world about the nature of light through his extensive research and discoveries throughout his life. He discovered the “Raman Effect” which fetched him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930. The Government of India has declared 28th February as the National Science day to honor the contribution of C V Raman and his discovery of the “Raman Effect”.

National Science Day 2023

C. V. Raman Birth Date

C. V. Raman was born on 7th November 1888 at Tiruchirapalli, Madras Presidency (Now Tamil Nadu). His parents were Chandrasekhara Ramanathan Iyer and Parvathi Ammal who belonged to Tamil Brahmin Family. C. V. Raman’s full name is Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman and he was the second of eight siblings. His father was Lecturer in physics at Mrs. A.V. Narasimha Rao College.

C. V. Raman Education & Career

C. V. Raman attained B. A degree from the University of Madras in 1904 and secured a gold medal in Physics and English. At the age of 18, he published his first scientific paper on “Unsymmetrical diffraction bands due to a rectangular aperture” in the British journal Philosophical Magazine in 1906. In 1907, he completed his Masters from the same university with distinction.

He served as a civil servant for 10 years from 1907 to 1917 as he passed the examination for the Indian Finance Service. During this period he also continued his research at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS). In 1917, he became a full-fledged professor at the University of Calcutta. He was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1924 and in 1926 he published the first edition of the Indian Journal of Physics and acted as the first editor.

C. V. Raman Invention & Discovery

On 28th February 1928, C. V. Raman published the second edition/ volume of the journal where he published the famous article “A new radiation” to report the discovery of the Raman effect. C. V. Raman developed a spectrograph to study and discover a phenomenon of the light deflected that has traversed through transparent material changing its wavelength and frequency. This phenomenon was called the “scattering of light” and later it came to know as the “Raman Effect”. C. V. Raman was conferred with the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930 for his outstanding research and discovery of the “Raman Effect”.

C. V. Raman Achievement

C. V. Raman is a Nobel Laureate and a Fellow of the Royal Society.  However, he resigned from the fellowship in 1968 for unrecorded reasons, the only Indian FRS ever to do so. He received Bharat Ratna in 1954. He was also awarded the Lenin Peace Prize in 1957. Check out the list of awards received by C. V. Raman in detail.

Year Award
1912  Curzon Research Award
1913 Woodburn Research Medal
1928  Matteucci Medal
1930  Lord Irwin, the Viceroy of India, conferred him a Knight Bachelor
1930  Nobel Prize in Physics
1930 Hughes Medal of the Royal Society
1941  Franklin Medal
1954  Bharat Ratna
1957 Lenin Peace Prize


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Why is CV Raman famous for?

C.V. Raman was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the Raman effect, in which light that passes through a material is scattered and the wavelength of the scattered light is changed because it has caused an energy state transition in the material's molecules.

What did CV Raman discover?

Sir C. V. Raman discovered in 1928 that when a beam of coloured light entered a liquid, a fraction of the light scattered by that liquid was of a different color. Raman showed that the nature of this scattered light was dependent on the type of sample present.

Why did CV Raman got Nobel Prize?

Nobel Prize in Physics was conferred in 1930 to Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman – for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him.


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