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Constitution Day Of India 2023
Constitution Day of India: 26th November is observed in India as the Constitution Day of India. On this day in 1949, the Constitution of India was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India. Although, it took another three months to come into effect i.e., 26th January 1950. Thus, the people of India celebrate Republic Day on 26th January every year. This year, India is celebrating its 73rd Constitution Day.
Brief History of Constitution Day
The Constitution of India was drafted by the Constituent Assembly of India under the Cabinet Plan of 1946. The first meeting was held on 9th December 1946 where the plan was proposed and Dr Sachindranath Sinha was elected as the Provisional President of the Assembly. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India became the Permanent Chairman of the Assembly on 11th December 1946.
The Assembly constituted a 13-member committee along with the drafting committee to draft and frame the Constitution of India. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was appointed as the Chairman of the Committee. It took immense hard work, precision, meticulous research, and almost three years to draft the Constitution of India. With 395 articles, 22 parts, and 12 schedules, the Indian Constitution is the longest-written constitution in the world.
The intriguing feature of the Indian Constitution is that it was not printed. Rather it was handwritten and calligraphed both in Hindi and English. Under the guidance and supervision of Acharya Nandalal Bose, the artists of Shantiniketan handcrafted the Constitution. Prem Bihari Narain Raizada is the notable calligrapher who hand-wrote the Constitution.
Significance of the Constitution Day
In 2015, it was announced by Prime minister Narendra Modi that 26th November will be observed as Constitution Day in India. The year 2015 embarks the 125th birth anniversary of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar who is reverently known as the Father of the Constitution of India. It is a tribute to the huge legacy left behind by Dr. B.R.Ambedkar and the legend himself.
Constitution Day also signifies the efforts of spreading awareness of the values of the constitution. It is also essential to remember and follow the ideals and ideas ignited by Dr. B.R.Ambedkar in the hearts of millions of citizens of India and beyond.
Constitution Day of India 2023: FAQs
Q: Why do we celebrate Constitution Day in India?
A: Constitution Day is celebrated on 26th November to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India.
Q: Who started the Constitution Day of India?
A: In 2015, PM Modi, while laying the foundation stone for a statue of Dr BR Ambedkar, declared that November 26 would be celebrated as Constitution Day to create awareness about and honour the Indian Constitution and its architects.
Q: Who is the father of the Indian Constitution?
A: Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is known as the father of the Indian Constitution. He was the then Law Minister who introduced the final draft of the Constitution in the Constituent Assembly.
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