Constitution Day: To commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India, 26th November is celebrated as Constitution Day in India. On 26th November 1949, the Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India, however, it came into effect on 26th January 1950. Hence, India celebrates its Republic day on 26th January every year and Constitution Day is celebrated on 26th November every year. Its the 72nd anniversary of the adoption of the Constitution of India this year (i.e. 2021)
Brief History of Constitution Day:
Constituent Assembly of India, under the Cabinet Plan of 1946, drafted the Constitution of India. The first meeting was held on 9th December 1946 where the plan was proposed and Dr Sachindranath Sinha was elected as the Provisional President of the Assembly. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India became the Permanent Chairman of Assembly on 11th December 1946.
The Assembly constituted a 13 member committee along with the drafting committee to draft and frame the Constitution of India. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was appointed as the Chairman of the Committee. It took immense hard work, precision, meticulous research, and almost three years to draft the Constitution of India. With 395 articles, 22 parts, and 12 schedules, the Indian Constitution is the longest written constitution in the world.
The intriguing feature of the Indian Constitution is that it was not printed. Rather it was handwritten and calligraphed both in Hindi and English. Under the guidance and supervision of Acharya Nandalal Bose, the artists of Shantiniketan handcrafted the Constitution. Prem Bihari Narain Raizada is the notable calligrapher who hand-wrote the Constitution.
Significance of the Constitution Day:
In 2015, it was announced by Prime minister Narendra Modi that 26th November will be observed as Constitution Day. The year 2015 embarks the 125th birth anniversary of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar who is reverently known as the Father of the Constitution of India. It is a tribute to the huge legacy left behind by Dr. B.R.Ambedkar and the legend himself.
Constitution Day also signifies the efforts of spreading awareness of the values of the constitution. It is also essential to remember and follow the ideals and ideas ignited by Dr. B.R.Ambedkar in the hearts of millions of citizens of India and beyond.
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