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UGC NET Environmental Science Syllabus 2024, Download PDF

The University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (UGC NET) for Environmental Science is a competitive examination conducted in India to determine the eligibility of candidates for the post of Assistant Professor and the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF). The UGC NET exam is administered by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC). Here we are providing NTA NET Environmental Science Syllabus in details for the NET exam 2024 preparation.

UGC NET Environmental Science Syllabus 2024

The UGC NET Exam 2024 will be conducted by the National Test Agency (NTA) in offline mode at a national level. The candidates must refer to the following table for further details on NTA NET Environmental Science Syllabus 2024.

UGC NET Environmental Science Syllabus
Name of the Exam National Eligibility Test (NET)
Conducting Body National Testing Agency (NTA)
Exam Conducted in A Year Twice a Year
Mode of Examination Offline
Type of Questions Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Number of Papers
  • UGC NET Paper I
  • UGC NET Paper-II i.e. Environmental Science
Number of Questions 150
Time Duration 3 hours
Negative Marking No

UGC NET Environmental Science Exam Pattern

The candidates must check out the following table under the UGC NET Environmental Science Exam Pattern in depth.

  • Mode of Exam: Offline
  • Duration: 3 hours (180 minutes)
  • Number of Papers: The exam consists of two papers – Paper I and Paper-II.
  • Paper-I: It is a common paper for all subjects and tests the teaching and research aptitude of the candidates. It consists of 50 objective type questions, and the total marks are 100.
  • Paper II: It is subject-specific and consists of 100 objective-type questions. The total marks for this paper are 200.
  • Marking Scheme: Each correct answer carries 2 marks, while there is no negative marking for incorrect answers.

UGC NET Environmental Science Qualifying Marks

The qualifying marks for the UGC NET Environmental Science exam are determined by the University Grants Commission (UGC). The UGC sets the minimum qualifying criteria for both Paper-I and Paper-II of the UGC NET exam. Here are the qualifying marks criteria for NET:

  • Paper-I: Candidates need to secure a minimum of 40% aggregate marks in Paper-I. This means that out of the total 100 marks, candidates must score at least 40 marks to qualify.
  • Paper-II: Candidates need to secure a minimum of 40% aggregate marks in Paper-II as well. The total marks for Paper-II are 200, so candidates must score at least 80 marks to meet the qualifying criteria.
  • Aggregate Qualifying Marks: In addition to the individual qualifying marks in Paper-I and Paper-II, candidates need to obtain an overall aggregate score to qualify for UGC NET. The aggregate score is calculated by combining the marks obtained in both papers. The aggregate qualifying marks for the General category candidates is 40% (i.e., 40% of the total marks of Paper-I and Paper-II). For candidates belonging to reserved categories (SC/ST/OBC-NCL/PwD), the aggregate qualifying marks are reduced to 35%.

UGC NET Environmental Science Syllabus PDF Section wise

The detailed section wise UGC NET Environmental Science Syllabus has been mentioned below:

Unit Syllabus
Unit-I: Fundamentals of Environmental Sciences
  • Definition, Principles and Scope of Environmental Science.
  • Structure and composition of atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and biosphere.
  • Laws of thermodynamics, heat transfer processes, mass and energy transfer across various interfaces, material balance.
  • Meteorological parameters
  • Interaction between Earth, Man and Environment. Biogeographic provinces of the world and agro-climatic zones of India. Concept of sustainable development.
  • Natural resources and their assessment. Remote Sensing and GIS
  • Environmental education and awareness. Environmental ethics
Unit-II: Environmental Chemistry
  • Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry
  • Composition of air. Particles, ions and radicals in the atmosphere.
  • Inorganic and organic components of soils
  • Toxic chemicals
  • Principles of analytical methods
Unit-III: Environmental Biology
  • Ecology as an inter-disciplinary science
  • Ecosystem Structure and functions
  • Basis of Ecosystem classification. Types of Ecosystem
  • Biomes
  • Population ecology
  • Community ecology
  • Biodiversity and its conservation
  • Concept of Industrial Ecology
  • Toxicology and Microbiology
  • Environmental Biotechnology
Unit-IV: Environmental Geosciences
  • Origin of earth
  • Weathering including weathering reactions, erosion, transportation and
    deposition of sediments.
  • Geochemical classification of elements, abundance of elements in bulk earth, crust, hydrosphere and biosphere.
  • Natural resource exploration and exploitation and related environmental
    concerns. Historical perspective and conservation of non-renewable
  • Natural Hazards
Unit-V: Energy and Environment
  • Sun as source of energy; solar radiation and its spectral characteristics. Fossil fuels
  • Principles of generation of hydro-power, tidal energy, ocean thermal energy conversion, wind power, geothermal energy, solar energy
  • Nuclear energy
  • Bioenergy
  • Environmental implications of energy use
Unit-VI: Environmental Pollution and Control
  • Air Pollution
  • Noise Pollution
  • Water Pollution
  • Soil Pollution
  • Thermal, Marine Pollution and Radioactive
Unit-VII: Solid and Hazardous Waste Management
  • Solid Waste
  • Solid waste processing and recovery
  • Solid waste collection and transportation
  • Hazardous waste
  • e-waste
  • Fly ash
  • Plastic waste
Unit-VIII: Environmental Assessment, Management and Legislation
  • Aims and objectives of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and Environmental Management Plan (EMP)
  • Risk Assessment
  • Overview of Environmental Laws in India
  • National Forest Policy, 1988, National Water Policy, 2002, National
    Environmental Policy, 2006
  • Environmental Conventions and Agreements
Unit-IX: Statistical Approaches and Modelling in Environmental Sciences
  • Attributes and Variables: types of variables, scales of measurement, measurement of Central tendency and Dispersion, Standard error, Moments – measure of Skewness and Kurtosis, Basic concept of probability theory, Sampling theory, Distributions – Normal, log-normal, Binomial, Poisson
  • Approaches to development of environmental models; linear, simple and multiple regression models, validation and forecasting. Models of population growth and interactions: Lotka-Voltera model, Leslie’s matrix model.
Unit-X: Contemporary Environmental Issues
  • Global Environmental Issues – Biodiversity loss, Climate change, Ozone layer depletion
  • National Action Plan on Climate Change
  • Current Environmental Issues in India

Download UGC NET Environmental Science Syllabus PDF

The UGC NET Syllabus for Environmental Science Subject PDF is given below. The candidates must click on the following link to access the NTA NET Environmental Science Syllabus PDF. Candidate can click on direct link to download NET Environmental Science Syllabus PDF by clicking through below links.

UGC NET Environmental Science Syllabus PDF

Preparation Tips to crack UGC NET Environmental Science Exam

  • Understand the Exam Pattern: Familiarize yourself with the exam pattern, syllabus, and marking scheme to plan your preparation accordingly.
  • Create a Study Plan: Divide your time effectively for each topic and allocate more time to areas that require more attention.
  • Study Material: Refer to standard textbooks and study materials recommended for the UGC NET Environmental Science exam.
  • Solve Previous Year Question Papers: Practice solving previous year question papers and sample papers to get acquainted with the exam pattern and improve time management skills.
  • Mock Tests: Take online mock tests to assess your preparation level and identify areas of improvement.
  • Stay Updated: Keep yourself updated with the latest developments and current affairs related to environmental science.
  • Revision: Regularly revise the topics you have studied to retain the information effectively.
  • Time Management: Practice solving questions within the stipulated time to enhance your speed and accuracy.


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UGC NET Environmental Science Syllabus: FAQs

What is the eligibility criteria for appearing in the UGC NET Environmental Science exam?

The eligibility criteria for UGC NET Environmental Science include having a master's degree or equivalent in Environmental Science or related subjects with at least 55% aggregate marks (50% for candidates belonging to reserved categories). Candidates who are in the final year of their master's program or waiting for the result can also apply.

Is there any age limit for appearing in the UGC NET Environmental Science exam?

For the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF), the upper age limit is 30 years as of the date of the exam. However, there is no upper age limit for candidates applying only for the Assistant Professor position.

Is there any negative marking in the UGC NET Environmental Science exam?

No, there is no negative marking for incorrect answers in the UGC NET exam. Candidates are advised to attempt all questions and not leave any question unanswered.

About the Author

I serve as a Team Leader at Adda247, specializing in National and State Level Competitive Government Exams within the Teaching Vertical. My responsibilities encompass thorough research and the development of informative and engaging articles designed to assist and guide aspiring candidates. This work is conducted in alignment with Adda247's dedication to educational excellence.


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