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Swami Vivekananda – Man Making Education : Download DSSSB PRT Study Notes

DSSSB PRT Study Notes: Delhi Subordinate Staff Selection Board (DSSSB) is going to conduct the most prestigious exam in the field of government teaching jobs this year 2021. As DSSSB released more than 12000 teaching vacancies i.e. TGT, PRT post, students had already started preparing hard for this exam. Teaching Aptitude & methodology is a big topic for the DSSSB PRT exam which contains 100 questions for 100 marks. This topic contains teaching strategy, teaching methodology, learning principles, application-based questions and classroom management, etc. Here we are going to learn with Teaching Study notes for better preparation.

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Swami Vivekananda (Man Making Education)

Life sketch : –

Swami Vivekananda was born in 1863 in a Kshatriya family of Calcutta. Before he became a monk, his name was Narendra Nath Datta. While he was a student in college at seventeen years of age, he came under the influence of Sri Ramakrishna Parmahansa. Narendra Nath was an earnest student of philosophy and poetry. He studied all the systems of western philosophy.

He urged for the uplift of the masses and wanted to make them strong and self dependant. As he had sympathy for the poor, he was a fore runner of Mahatma Gandhi. He pleaded for social reform in India and for religious freedom in the west. Till his death in 1902, he repeatedly asserted that Indians had become weak and poor because they did not apply their Vedanta to life. He asserted that India needs strength – giving religion and a man – making education.

Educational philosophy : –

His educational philosophy is based on Vedanta and Upanishads. He believes that soul exists in every individual. The very recognition of this soul is religion. Education is the process of self – development. The child educates himself. True improvement is self – inspired. The basic principles of his educational philosophy are as under :

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Knowledge resides within the individual. He holds that knowledge is inherited by man. It is something inside him and not born out of the external environment. Man’s soul within him is the source of all true knowledge.

  1. Self – education. The child teaches himself. The teacher is to arrange the necessary environment for him so that he may do his growing.
  2. Education according to needs of children. The teaching should be adjusted according to the needs of children, his inherent tendencies and not what the parents or teachers think.
  3. Education for all. He advocated universal education. It is the birth right of every human being.
  4. National system of education. He wanted to reorganize education on the national basis.
  5. Women education. He believed that the uplift of the women must come first and then only can real good come about for the country – for India.
  6. Religious education. He felt that education is incomplete without religious raining.

Meaning of education : –

According to Vivekananda, “Education is the manifestation of the divine perfection already existing in man.” In the words of Vivekananda, “You cannot teach a child any more than you can grow a plant. The plant develops its own nature.”

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Aims of education : –

He emphasized following aims of education :

  1. Physical development aim. Physical development of the individual is an important aim of education. Self – realization and character building is impossible in the absence of physical development.
  2. Mental development aim. Mental development of the individual is other important aim of education.
  3. Moral, spiritual and character development. Vivekananda asserted that education should aim at development of character, morality and spirituality. He stated that we must have life building, man – making and character – making education.
  4. Vocational aim. According to him education which does not enable the individual to stand on one’s own feet is useless, so there should be a vocational aim of education.
  5. Aim of reaching perfection. Every child has certain hidden powers. Education helps in the manifestation and development of these powers.
  6. Aim of promoting universal brotherhood. For Vivekananda, education is a means for establishing brotherhood in all mankind.
  7. The aim of searching unity in diversity. Vivekananda synthesized spiritual and material values. Education should enable man to find out unity in diversity.


Curriculum : –

  1. Harmony of science and Vedanta. On the one hand he stressed the study of Vedanta, religion and philosophy of spiritual development and on the other hand he stressed the scientific education.
  2. Education in arts. Education in science must be supplemented by the teaching of arts.
  3. Common language. He stressed the need for a common language for the unity in the country.
  4. Regional language. He felt that it is necessary to encourage every regional language. In fact all education must be given in regional language because it is the mother tongue of child.
  5. Sanskrit is the source of all Indian languages. He said that mere sound of this language granted power, ability and prestige to the race.
  6. History, geography, economics etc. He also recommended the study of subjects like history, geography, economics, mathematics, home science, psychology and agriculture.
  7. Physical and vocational education. He recognized the importance of physical as well as vocational education.

Methods of teaching : –

  1. Method of concentration. Vivekananda considers the concentration of mind as the essence of education. Greater attention always helps in working more.
  2. Bramhacharya for concentration. Bramhacharya improves the power of mind and helps power of retention. It gives mental and spiritual power of highest kind.
  3. Discussion and contemplation. In addition to concentration, Vivekananda laid emphasis on the importance of discussion and contemplation as methods of education.
  4. Method of individual guidance and counseling. Pupils can be kept on the right path through the method of individual guidance and counseling.

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Place of teacher : –

  1. Provider of suitable environment. The gardener prepares the ground for his plants, protects them from destructive hands and animals, and nourishes them with manure and water from time to time. In the same manner the educator takes care of the child and provides for him an environment in which he can develop without any hindrance.
  2. Teacher as guide. In the words of Vivekananda, “Teacher is a philosopher, friend and guide helping the educand to go forward in his own way.”
  3. Qualities of the teacher. The teacher should be of a very high character. He must be pure in mind and heart. He must have love for his pupils. Love is the best medium to transmit the spiritual force.


DSSSB Teaching Aptitude Study Notes PDF In English

DSSSB Teaching Aptitude Study Notes PDF In Hindi

Swami Vivekananda – Man Making Education : Download DSSSB PRT Study Notes_40.1

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