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Learning Disorders in English Language – Download English Pedagogy Notes for CTET 2020 FREE PDF

Learning Disorders in English Language – Download English Pedagogy Notes for CTET 2020 FREE PDF_30.1

In many teaching exams including CTET 2020, MPTET 2020 STET 2020 etc. English may be an interesting subject having and 30 questions of English content and 30 questions of English Pedagogy in CTET and other State TET Exams. In which English Pedagogy is one of the interesting and scoring topics under the English Language sections of teaching exams.

In this articles, we are providing you few topics of English pedagogy.

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LEARNING DISABILITIES: Some students have unique challenges that make learning in a traditional classroom difficult. e.g. visual or hearing impairments, attention deficit disorder, handicapped, chronic illnesses etc. Learning disorders that are most conspicuous usually revolve around reading, writing or calculations.

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I. Dyslexia:
It is a learning disability in reading. Basic reading problems occur when there is difficulty in understanding the relationship between sounds, letters and words. Reading comprehension problems occur when there is inability to grasp the meaning of words, phrases and paragraphs.

II. Learning Disabilities in Maths (Dyscalculia):
Learning disabilities in Maths vary greatly depending on the child’s other strengths and weaknesses. A child’s ability to do Maths will be affected by language learning disability or a visual disorder or difficulty with sequencing, memory or organization.

III. Dysgraphia:
Learning disabilities in writing can involve the physical act of writing or the mental activity of comprehending and synthesizing information. Basic writing disorder refers to physical difficulty forming words and letters. Expressive writing disabilities indicate a struggle to organize thoughts on paper.

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IV. Dyspraxia:
This type of disability refers to problems with movement and coordination in cutting, writing or gross motor skills such as running or jumping. A motor disability is sometimes referred to as ‘output’ activity meaning that it is related to the output of information from the brain in order to run, jump, write or cut something, the brain must be able to communicate with the necessary limbs to complete the action.

V. Aphasia/Dysphasia:
Language and communication learning disabilities involve the ability to understand or produce spoken language. Language is also considered an output activity because it requires organizing thoughts in the brain and calling upon the right words to verbally explain something or communicate with someone else.
Signs of language based learning disorder involve problems with verbal language skills, such as ability to retell a story and the fluency of speech as well as the ability to understand the meaning of words, parts of speech, directions etc.

VI. Auditory Processing Disorder:
An inability to distinguish subtle differences in sound or hearing sounds at the wrong speed make it difficult to relate to words and understand the basic concepts of reading and writing.

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VII. Visual Processing Disorder:
Problems in visual perception include missing minor differences in shapes, reversing letters or numbers, skipping words, skipping lines and having problems in eye-hand co-ordination. Visual perception can affect gross and fine motor skills, reading comprehension and maths.

Note: Difficulty in school doesn’t always stem from a learning disability. Anxiety, depression, stressful events, emotional trauma make learning more of a challenge. In addition, ADHD and AUTISM sometimes co-occur or are confused with learning disabilities.

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A. ADHD (Attention Deficiency Hyperactivity Disorder):
Attention Deficiency Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is not actually a learning disability but it can hamper or disrupt learning. Children with ADHD often have problems sitting still, staying focused, following instructions etc.

Difficulty in mastering certain academic skills can be due to developmental disorders such as Autism and Asperger’s syndrome. Children with autism may have trouble in communicating, reading body language, learning basic skills, making friends and making eye-contact.

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