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Things We Make based EVS Study Notes

The Environment studies is a multi-disciplinary science comprising of various branches of studies like chemistry, physical science, life science, agriculture, health, sanitary engineering etc. Environmental Studies may be an interesting subject having 30 questions in CTET & DSSSB Exams. It is advised is to study the NCERT books from class 1 to 8 of to prepare well for REET Exam. The current article will give few introductory points on Environmental Studies related topic followed by interesting facts of the same.

Things We Make

1. Art and Craft:

In India diverse kinds of culture, arts and craft are found. Each region of the country have some unique and traditional craft to offer.

2. Painting:

The tradition of painting has been carried on the Indian subcontinent since ancient times. Different types of paintings are given below : –

(i) Chitra Kathi Painting: This painting belongs to Maharashtra, through this painting story is depicted. In this painting only natural color is used.
(ii) Kalamkari Painting: This painting belongs to Andhra Pradesh, natural color is used and they are also done on cloth as blocks printing.
(iii) Madhubani Painting: It belongs to state of Bihar. In this painting natural things like leaf, flower, animals, birds and humans are depicted. Natural color is used in painting, color from indigo, turmeric and normal flowers are obtained. A special kind of paste of grinded rice is made to further glorify the painting.
(iv) Pata Painting: It is found in Odisha, natural color from minerals and vegetables are used. Painting is done on the cloth.
(v) Phad Painting: This painting is done on the cloth and belongs to Rajasthan.

3. Traditional Art:

Art is a part of the culture. It is a skill and knowledge which are passed down through generation to generations. Some of the famous traditional art forms are given below :

Some Traditional Art Forms:

Traditional Art Region or State
Jamdani West Bengal
Pashmina and Shahtoot Jammu and Kashmir
Patola Gujarat
Bandana design Rajasthan and Gujarat
Chikankari Lucknow
Muga Silk Asom
Pocham pally Andhra Pradesh
Perfume industry Kannauj
Shawl Kullu, Himachal Pradesh
Embroidery Jammu and Kashmir

The World Famous Pashmina:

Pashmina shawl is as warm as six Sweaters! It is very thin and warm. The goats from which the soft Pashmina wool is collected are found on very high altitudes of 5000 metres. In winter temperature drops to low as – 40°C. A coat of warm hair grows on the goat’s body which protects it from extreme cold.

The goat shed some of their hair, fur in summer. This hair is so fine that six of these would be as thick as one hair of ours. The fine hair cannot be woven on machines so weavers in Kashmir made these shawls by hands. This is long and difficult process. After almost 250 hours of weaving one plain pashmina shawl is made.

Special Dresses of Different Region of India:

Dress for Women Region/State
Mundum Neriyathum Kerala
Mekhela Chadhar Assam
Salwar Kameez Haryana, Punjab, Western UP, Himachal Pradesh
Phiran Kashmir
Ghagra Choli Rajasthan, Gujarat
Anarkali Salwar Suit North India
Dress for Men Region/State 
Safa Rajasthan Phiran Kashmir
Dastar Punjab Pheta Maharashtra / Mysore

4. Languages:
There are 22 constitutionally recognized languages in India. English and Hindi languages are widely spoken in our country. Several states in India have their own official languages which are spoken in particular areas. These are as follows

Different Language and Dialects of India:

Language Area/Region Language Area/Region
Hindi Whole North India Punjabi Punjab
Sindhi Panjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat Nepali Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar
Dongri Jammu and Kashmir Boda Assam
Telgu Andhra Pradesh Maithili Bihar
Odiya Odisha Konkani Goa
Kannada Karnataka Assamese Assam
Manipuri Manipur Kashmir Kashmir
Santhal Jharkhand Marathi Maharashtra
Tamil Tamil Nadu Malayalam Kerala
Kuduk Jharkhand

Braille Script: It is a special way of reading and writing for people who cannot see. It is written on a thick paper by making a row of raised points with a pointed tool. Braille script is based on 6 points and it is read by running the finger on the raised dots. Louis Braille of France invented new script for visually disabled and it is known as Braille script.

5. Tribes:
A tribe is a group of distinct people, dependent on their land for their livelihood, who are largely self – sufficient and not integrated into the national society. They have their own way of living and culture.

Famous Tribes of India:

Tribe Region / State
Changpa or Champa Ladakh
Gaddi tribe Himachal Pradesh
Bakkarwala tribe Jammu and Kashmir
Tharu Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh
Kharwar tribe


Bhotia tribe

Uttar Pradesh



Gond Chhattisgarh
Korwa Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand
Sahavia Madhya Pradesh
Meena Rajasthan
Bhil Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh
Santhal Jharkhand
Munda Jharkhand


Garo, Khasi, Janita


Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh


Kuki Manipur
Lepcha Sikkim
Toda Tamil Nadu
Jarawa tribe Andaman and Nicobar Island
Worli Maharashtra
Lushai, Cheraw Mizoram

CTET EVS Study Notes PDF

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How many questions related to Environmental Studies can be expected in CTET and DSSSB Exams?

Environmental Studies may have around 30 questions in CTET and DSSSB Exams.

What are the various branches of art and craft found in India?

Art and craft in India include diverse cultural forms such as painting, Chitra Kathi Painting, Kalamkari Painting, Madhubani Painting, Pata Painting, and Phad Painting.

What is Pashmina shawl and its unique qualities?

The Pashmina shawl is as warm as six sweaters and is made from the soft wool of goats found at high altitudes. Weaving a plain Pashmina shawl by hand takes almost 250 hours.

What are some traditional dresses for women in different regions of India?

Traditional dresses for women include Mundum Neriyathum (Kerala), Mekhela Chadhar (Assam), Salwar Kameez (Haryana, Punjab, Western UP, Himachal Pradesh), and Ghagra Choli (Rajasthan, Gujarat), among others.

How many constitutionally recognized languages are there in India?

There are 22 constitutionally recognized languages in India, with English and Hindi being widely spoken. Different states have their own official languages.

What is the Braille script, and who invented it?

The Braille script is a special way of reading and writing for people who cannot see. It was invented by Louis Braille of France and is based on six raised points.

What defines a tribe, and can you name some famous tribes in India?

A tribe is a group of distinct people largely self-sufficient and not integrated into the national society. Some famous tribes in India include Changpa or Champa (Ladakh), Gaddi tribe (Himachal Pradesh), and Tharu (Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh), among others.

What is Jamdani, and where is it traditionally practiced?

Jamdani is a traditional art form practiced in West Bengal, known for its intricate handwoven patterns.

What is Patola, and which state is famous for this traditional art?

Patola is a traditional art form associated with Gujarat, celebrated for its vibrant and finely crafted silk textiles.

Which regions are known for Bandana design, and what is its significance?

Bandana design is prominent in Rajasthan and Gujarat, showcasing traditional patterns and designs on cloth.

Where is Chikankari, and what makes it a unique traditional art form?

Chikankari is a traditional art form hailing from Lucknow, recognized for its exquisite hand-embroidery on fabric.