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Important Ports in India

Important ports in India full details are available here. India’s coastline stretches approximately 7516.6 kilometers, making it one of the world’s largest peninsulas. According to the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, maritime transport accounts for roughly 95% of India’s volume and 70% of its value. There are 13 large ports, of which 12 are government-owned and one private. Port Blair, which was designated as a significant port in 2010, has lately lost its designation.

The following states have a total of 200 major and minor ports:

  • Maharashtra-53 ports
  • Gujarat-40 ports
  • Tamil Nadu-15
  • Karnataka-10
  • Other states-82

Some of them are:
Deendayal Port Trust
Paradip Port Trust
Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust
Visakhapatnam Port Trust
Mumbai Port Trust
Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust
Chennai Port Trust
New Mangaluru Port Trust
V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust
Cochin Port Trust
Kamarajar Port Limited
Mormugao Port Trust

The Indian government intends to modernise these ports and has approved the Sagarmala project. For port and harbour building and maintenance projects, the Indian government has approved up to 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) through the automatic route. The government has also launched the National Marine Development Programme, an US$11.8 billion initiative to improve the maritime sector.
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Ports in India in Hindi

भारत का समुद्र तट लगभग 7516.6 किलोमीटर तक फैला है, जो इसे दुनिया के सबसे बड़े प्रायद्वीपों में से एक बनाता है। बंदरगाह, नौवहन और जलमार्ग मंत्रालय के अनुसार, समुद्री परिवहन भारत की मात्रा का लगभग 95% और इसके मूल्य का 70% हिस्सा है। 13 बड़े बंदरगाह हैं, जिनमें से 12 सरकारी और एक निजी है। पोर्ट ब्लेयर, जिसे 2010 में एक महत्वपूर्ण बंदरगाह के रूप में नामित किया गया था, ने हाल ही में अपना पदनाम खो दिया है।

इन राज्यों में कुल 200 बड़े और छोटे बंदरगाह हैं:

  • महाराष्ट्र-53 बंदरगाह
  • गुजरात-40 बंदरगाह
  • तमिलनाडु-15
  • कर्नाटक-10
  • अन्य राज्य-82

भारत सरकार इन बंदरगाहों के आधुनिकीकरण का इरादा रखती है और सागरमाला परियोजना को मंजूरी दे दी है। बंदरगाह और बंदरगाह निर्माण और रखरखाव परियोजनाओं के लिए, भारत सरकार ने स्वचालित मार्ग के माध्यम से 100% प्रत्यक्ष विदेशी निवेश (FDI) को मंजूरी दी है। सरकार ने राष्ट्रीय समुद्री विकास कार्यक्रम भी शुरू किया है, जो समुद्री क्षेत्र में सुधार के लिए 11.8 बिलियन अमेरिकी डॉलर की पहल है।

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Ports in India: Classification of Important ports

The Indian government is federal, and maritime transportation is overseen by both the central and state governments, according to the constitution. While the national government’s shipping ministry is in charge of the main ports, the nine coastal states of Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, and West Bengal are in charge of the smaller and intermediate ports. Several of the 187 small and intermediate ports have been identified by the respective governments as needing to be developed in stages, with a large number of them involving public-private partnerships.

Some years back, major ports handled almost 74% of all freight traffic. Except for Kamarajar Port Limited, all are run by the government, however, private sector participation at ports has grown. There are additionally 7 shipyards under the control of the Indian government, 2 shipyards under the control of state governments, and 19 shipyards that are privately owned.

In the year 2000, India had 102 shipping firms, five of which were privately owned and based in India, and one of which was held by the Shipping Corporation of India. There were 639 ships owned by the government, with 91 oil tankers, 79 dry cargo bulk carriers, and 10 cellular container vessels among them.

 

FAQs

How many ports are there in India?

According to the Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, maritime transport accounts, there are 13 major ports and 187 notified minor and intermediate ports that serve it.

Name the biggest port in India.

The Mumbai port is the biggest port in India.

Name India’s deepest port.

The deepest Indian port is Krishnapatnam port.

Where is the smallest Indian port?

The smallest Indian port is at Kandla, Gujarat.

Where is the highest port of India?

The highest port of India is in Tamil Nadu.

 

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