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Countries and Capitals PDF of World 2022

Countries and Capitals Name

According to continental drift theory, the earth has one single continental mass known as Pangaea and a mega ocean surrounded by this continental mass. The mega ocean is known as Panthalassa. By continental drift theory, the supercontinent Pangaea started splitting after 200 million years, and Pangaea was divided into two big landmasses known as Gondwanaland and Laurasia. Later, Gondwanaland and Laurasia started splitting and formed the 7 continents which are present today.  These 7 continents are Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, North America, South America, and Antarctica. Some continents are connected with each other and others are separated by water bodies(Oceans). Out of 7 continents, only 6 continents support life and due to the extremely cold environment, Antarctica is uninhabitable. Antarctica is used for research purposes now. These continents are divided into countries and at present, there are 195 countries in the world. In this article, we have discussed all the 195 countries and their capitals. 

Read: States And Capitals of India

Countries and Capitals PDF of World 2022

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Countries and Capitals of Australian Continent

 

Australia is located in the south of the equator and referred to as a “down under.” This continent gets its name from the Latin word “Australis”. The meaning of australis is southern. Australia is surrounded by oceans and also it is the smallest continent in the world, often known as an island continent. Australia is famous for Sydney opera house and the largest city in Australia is Sydney. The currency of Australia is the Australian dollar. Below we have provided the names and capitals of all the countries which exist in the Australian continent.   

 

Countries in Australian Continent
Country Capital city
Nauru Yaren District (de facto)
New Zealand Wellington
Palau Ngerulmud
Solomon Islands Honiara
Tonga Nukuʻalofa
Kiribati Tarawa
Marshall Islands Majuro
Australia Canberra
Fiji Suva
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby
Samoa Apia
Micronesia Palikir
Tuvalu Funafuti
Vanuatu Port Vila

 

Countries and Capitals of Asian Continent

Worlds largest continent in terms of area and population is Asia out of 7 continents. Asia is known for its primitive civilization such as the Harappan civilization and Chinese civilization. 10 world’s tallest peaks are present in Asian continents and the world’s tallest peak i.e. mount Everest is also present in Asian continents. Among the 7 wonders of the world, three wonders are present in Asia which are Petra, the Great Wall of China, Taj Mahal. Furthermore, Petra is located in Jordan, the Great wall of china is located in China, and Tajmahal is located in India. The world’s most populous countries i.e. China and India are located on Asian Continent. Below we have provided the list of Countries and Capitals located on the Asian Continent. 

 

Countries in Asian Continent
Country Capital city
Jordan Amman
Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan
India New Delhi
Indonesia Jakarta
Israel Jerusalem
Japan Tokyo
Lebanon Beirut
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur
Maldives Male
Oman Muscat
Pakistan Islamabad
Palestine Jerusalem (East)
Qatar Doha
Russia Moscow
Saudi Arabia Riyadh
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Syria Damascus
Taiwan Taipei
Turkmenistan Ashgabat
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi
Uzbekistan Tashkent
Vietnam Hanoi
Yemen Sana’a
Tajikistan Dushanbe
Thailand Bangkok
Singapore Singapore
Philippines Manila
South Korea Seoul
Timor-Leste Dili
Turkey Ankara
Iran Tehran
Iraq Baghdad
China Beijing
Cyprus Nicosia
Georgia Tbilisi
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek
Laos Vientiane
Myanmar (formerly Burma) Naypyidaw
Nepal Kathmandu
Afghanistan Kabul
Armenia Yerevan
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan
Cambodia Phnom Penh
Kuwait Kuwait City
Bangladesh Dhaka
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar
Bahrain Manama
North Korea Pyongyang
Azerbaijan Baku
Bhutan Thimphu

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Countries and Capitals of European Continent

 

Mount Elbrus is the tallest peak on the European continent and the tiniest country of the world, Vatican city is located on the European continent. The Danube, Elbe, Loire, Oder, Dnieper, and Don are some of Europe’s largest rivers on the European continent. Area-wise European continent ranks 6th among 7 continents and population-wise it ranks 3rd according to the census of 2018. Below we have given the list of Countries and Capitals which are part of the European Continent. 

 

Countries in European Continent
Country Capital city
Russia Moscow
San Marino San Marino
Serbia Belgrade
Turkey Ankara
Ukraine Kyiv (also known as Kiev)
Slovenia Ljubljana
Norway Oslo
Poland Warsaw
Monaco Monaco
Montenegro Podgorica
Sweden Stockholm
Switzerland Bern
United Kingdom London
Vatican City (Holy See) Vatican City
Liechtenstein Vaduz
Italy Rome
Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan
Luxembourg Luxembourg (city)
Malta Valletta
Cyprus Nicosia
Czechia Prague
Estonia Tallinn
Finland Helsinki
Germany Berlin
Hungary Budapest
Kosovo Pristina
Latvia Riga
Belarus Minsk
Belgium Brussels
Andorra Andorra la Vella
Bulgaria Sofia
Croatia Zagreb
France Paris
Georgia Tbilisi
Iceland Reykjavik
Ireland Dublin
Lithuania Vilnius
Netherlands Amsterdam
North Macedonia (formerly Macedonia) Skopje
Moldova Chisinau
Portugal Lisbon
Romania Bucharest
Spain Madrid
Slovakia Bratislava
Armenia Yerevan
Austria Vienna
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo
Denmark Copenhagen
Azerbaijan Baku
Albania Tirana

Read: Capital of Uttat Pradesh

Countries and Capitals of African Continent

 

Africa is the second largest continent in terms of area in the world. The world’s largest river Nile flows through the African continent and the world’s largest desert Sahara is also present in African Continent. Africa is considered to be the first continent where homo sapiens started migrating to other parts of the world. Ethiopia, the world’s hottest country is also part of the African continent. African continent receives direct sunlight. Below we have given the list of Countries and Capitals which are part of the African Continent.

 

Countries in African Continent
Country Capital city
Zambia Lusaka
Central African Republic Bangui
Zimbabwe Harare
Namibia Windhoek
Niger Niamey
Sudan Khartoum
Tanzania Dodoma
Angola Luanda
Benin Porto-Novo
Burundi Gitega
Cabo Verde Praia
Cote d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro
Djibouti Djibouti (city)
Ethiopia Addis Ababa
Gabon Libreville
Kenya Nairobi
Lesotho Maseru
Morocco Rabat
Mozambique Maputo
Nigeria Abuja
Rwanda Kigali
Sudan Khartoum
Tanzania Dodoma
Uganda Kampala
South Africa Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), Bloemfontein (judicial)
Togo Lomé
South Sudan Juba
Tunisia Tunis
Ghana Accra
Guinea Conakry
Liberia Monrovia
Libya Tripoli
Mali Bamako
Mauritania Nouakchott
Gambia Banjul
Madagascar Antananarivo
Malawi Lilongwe
Sao Tome and Principe São Tomé
Senegal Dakar
Mauritius Port Louis
Algeria Algiers
Botswana Gaborone
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Kinshasa
Congo, Republic of the Brazzaville
Egypt Cairo
Somalia Mogadishu
Equatorial Guinea Malabo (de jure), Oyala (seat of government)
Chad N’Djamena
Eritrea Asmara
Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) Mbabane (administrative), Lobamba (legislative, royal)
Cameroon Yaounde
Seychelles Victoria
Sierra Leone Freetown

Read: National Emblem of India

Countries and Capitals of North American Continent

 

The North American continent has the highest population density among the seven continents. The world’s largest freshwater lake, Lake superior is situated on North American Continent. The world’s largest sugar exported Cuba, also known as the “Sugar Bowl of the World” is located in North America. The specialty of the North American continent which makes it different from other continents is its time zone. North America is divided into 5-time zone and it has every type of climate. Below we have given the list of Countries and Capitals which are part of North American Continent.

 

Countries in North America Continent
Country Capital city
Belize Belmopan
Canada Ottawa
Cuba Havana
Dominica Roseau
Antigua and Barbuda Saint John’s
Bahamas Nassau
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo
El Salvador San Salvador
Grenada Saint George’s
Barbados Bridgetown
Honduras Tegucigalpa
Jamaica Kingston
Costa Rica San Jose
Nicaragua Managua
Panama Panama City
Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown
Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain
United States of America Washington, D.C.
Guatemala Guatemala City
Haiti Port-au-Prince
Saint Lucia Castries
Mexico Mexico City

 

Countries and Capitals of South American Continent 

 

South African Continent is famous for its river, Amazon, and waterfall, Agel Falls. In the terms of volume, the Amazon river holds the first rank in the world, and on the other hand, Angel falls is the world’s highest waterfall. The second highest mountain range Andes is located in the South American continent. The world’s largest coffee producer country, Brazil is located in the South American Continent. Below we have given the list of Countries and Capitals which are part of the South American Continent.

 

Countries in South America Continent
Country Capital city
Brazil Brasilia
Chile Santiago
Guyana Georgetown
Paraguay Asunción
Peru Lima
Suriname Paramaribo
Uruguay Montevideo
Venezuela Caracas
Argentina Buenos Aires
Bolivia Sucre (de jure), La Paz (seat of government)
Colombia Bogotá
Ecuador Quito

 

Countries and Capitals PDF of World- FAQs

Q. What is the capital of Peru?

The capital of Peru is lima.

 

Q. Where is Peru situated?

Peru is situated in the South American continent.

 

Q. What is the capital of Canada?

The capital of Canada is Ottawa.

 

Q. Where is Canada situated?

Canada is situated in the North American continent.

 

Q. What is the capital of South Sudan?

The capital of South Sudan is Juba.

 

Q. Where is South Sudan situated?

South Sudan is situated in the African continent.

 

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