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BCG Full Form – Bacillus Calmette-Guerin

BCG Full Form – Bacillus Calmette-Guerin checks all details.The Bacillus Calmette–Guérin vaccination is mainly used to prevent tuberculosis. The Bacillus Calmette–Guérin vaccination was created by Albert Calmette and Camille Guérin and is named after them.

 

BCG Full Form in medical- The Bacillus Calmette–Guérin Vaccine

One dose of the Bacillus Calmette–Guérin vaccination is suggested in healthy neonates as soon as possible after delivery in regions where tuberculosis or leprosy are common. Only children at high risk are routinely immunised in places where tuberculosis is uncommon, while suspected cases of tuberculosis are individually screened for and treated. Adults who do not have tuberculosis and have never been inoculated but are often exposed may also be immunised. Buruli ulcer infection and other nontuberculous mycobacteria infections are also treated with BCG. It’s sometimes utilised in the treatment of bladder cancer.

Protection against tuberculosis infection varies widely, and it can last up to twenty years. It prevents roughly 20% of children from becoming infected, and it protects half of those who do become infected from developing sickness. The vaccination is administered through a subcutaneous injection. Additional doses have not been shown to be useful.

Serious negative effects are quite uncommon. At the injection site, redness, swelling, and minor pain are common. After healing, a tiny ulcer may emerge with some scarring. In people who have a weak immune system, side effects are more likely and perhaps more severe. It is not recommended for use while pregnant.

In 1921, the BCG vaccine was first utilised in a medical world.
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BCG Full Form in Hindi (BCG ka Full Form)

बेसिलस कैलमेट-गुएरिन टीकाकरण की एक खुराक स्वस्थ नवजात शिशुओं में प्रसव के बाद जितनी जल्दी हो सके उन क्षेत्रों में सुझाई जाती है जहां तपेदिक या कुष्ठ रोग आम हैं। केवल उच्च जोखिम वाले बच्चों को नियमित रूप से उन जगहों पर प्रतिरक्षित किया जाता है जहां तपेदिक असामान्य है, जबकि तपेदिक के संदिग्ध मामलों की व्यक्तिगत रूप से जांच और उपचार किया जाता है। वयस्क जिन्हें तपेदिक नहीं है और जिन्हें कभी टीका नहीं लगाया गया है, लेकिन अक्सर उजागर होते हैं, उन्हें भी प्रतिरक्षित किया जा सकता है। बुरुली अल्सर संक्रमण और अन्य गैर-ट्यूबरकुलस माइकोबैक्टीरिया संक्रमण का भी बीसीजी के साथ इलाज किया जाता है। यह कभी-कभी मूत्राशय के कैंसर के उपचार में उपयोग किया जाता है।

तपेदिक संक्रमण के खिलाफ सुरक्षा व्यापक रूप से भिन्न होती है, और यह बीस साल तक चल सकती है। यह लगभग 20% बच्चों को संक्रमित होने से रोकता है, और यह उन बच्चों की रक्षा करता है जो विकसित बीमारी से संक्रमित हो जाते हैं। टीकाकरण चमड़े के नीचे दिया जाता है। अतिरिक्त खुराक को उपयोगी नहीं दिखाया गया है।

गंभीर नकारात्मक प्रभाव काफी असामान्य हैं। इंजेक्शन वाली जगह पर लालिमा, सूजन और हल्का दर्द होना आम बात है। उपचार के बाद, एक छोटा अल्सर कुछ निशान के साथ उभर सकता है। कमजोर प्रतिरक्षा प्रणाली वाले लोगों में, साइड इफेक्ट की संभावना अधिक होती है और शायद अधिक गंभीर होती है। गर्भवती होने पर इसका उपयोग करने की अनुशंसा नहीं की जाती है।

1921 में, बीसीजी वैक्सीन का पहली बार चिकित्सा जगत में उपयोग किया गया था।

 

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FAQs based on BCG Full form

Why is BCG injected at birth?

Bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG) is given around the time of birth in most tuberculosis (TB) endemic areas to prevent severe TB in babies. The immune system of a newborn is underdeveloped.

What is the connection between BCG and DPT?

Vaccine types include diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus (DPT) and Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG).

Does BCG last a lifelong?

The BCG vaccine is thought to protect up to 80% of people for at least 15 years, and maybe up to 60 years, against the most severe types of tuberculosis.

For what age group of people, BCG is advised to?

BCG vaccination is advised for all older children and people at risk of tuberculosis, including older children with a higher risk of tuberculosis, who were not immunised against it as babies.

When is the BCG vaccine given?

Because the protection offered by the BCG vaccine is varied and less definite after 12 months of age, it is not recommended. The recommended strategy of protection for children under the age of 12 months is to immunise them with BCG vaccination as soon as feasible after birth.

 

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