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DNA Full Form

DNA Full Form in Biology

The full form of DNA, the abbreviation, is Deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is a molecule made up of two polynucleotide chains that coil around each other to create a double helix and carry genetic instructions for the development, function, growth, and reproduction of all known organisms and viruses.

The two DNA strands are known as polynucleotides because they are made up of smaller monomeric units called nucleotides. One of four nitrogen-containing nucleobases, a sugar termed deoxyribose, and a phosphate group make up each nucleotide. Covalent bonds between the sugar of one nucleotide and the phosphate of the next form a chain of nucleotides, resulting in an alternating sugar-phosphate backbone. To produce double-stranded DNA, the nitrogenous bases of the two distinct polynucleotide strands are joined together by hydrogen bonds according to base-pairing regulations. Pyrimidines and purines are two forms of nitrogenous bases that are complementary.

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DNA full form hindi

डीएनए का पूरा नाम डीऑक्सीराइबोन्यूक्लिक एसिड होता है। डीऑक्सीराइबोन्यूक्लिक एसिड (डीएनए) दो पॉलीन्यूक्लियोटाइड श्रृंखलाओं से बना एक अणु है जो एक डबल हेलिक्स बनाने के लिए एक दूसरे के चारों ओर कुंडल करता है और सभी ज्ञात जीवों और वायरस के गठन, कार्य, विकास और प्रजनन के लिए अनुवांशिक निर्देश लेता है।

चूंकि वे न्यूक्लियोटाइड नामक छोटी मोनोमेरिक इकाइयों से बने होते हैं, इसलिए दो डीएनए किस्में पोलीन्यूक्लियोटाइड्स के रूप में जानी जाती हैं। चार नाइट्रोजन युक्त न्यूक्लियोबेस में से एक, एक चीनी जिसे डीऑक्सीराइबोज कहा जाता है, और एक फॉस्फेट समूह प्रत्येक न्यूक्लियोटाइड बनाते हैं। एक न्यूक्लियोटाइड की चीनी और अगले के फॉस्फेट के बीच सहसंयोजक बंधन न्यूक्लियोटाइड की एक श्रृंखला बनाते हैं, जिसके परिणामस्वरूप एक वैकल्पिक चीनी-फॉस्फेट रीढ़ की हड्डी होती है। डबल-स्ट्रैंडेड डीएनए का उत्पादन करने के लिए, दो अलग-अलग पोलीन्यूक्लियोटाइड स्ट्रैंड्स के नाइट्रोजनस बेस को बेस-पेयरिंग नियमों के अनुसार हाइड्रोजन बॉन्ड द्वारा एक साथ जोड़ा जाता है। पाइरीमिडीन और प्यूरीन दो प्रकार के पूरक नाइट्रोजनी क्षार हैं।

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RNA and DNA full form

Along with proteins, lipids, and complex carbohydrates, nucleic acids are one of the four major types of macromolecules essential for all known forms of life (polysaccharides). DNA and ribonucleic acid(RNA) are examples of nucleic acids. The most significant molecules in cell biology are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), which are responsible for the storage and reading of genetic information that underpins all life. They’re both linear polymers made up of sugars, phosphates, and bases, but there are some significant variations between them. These variances allow the two molecules to collaborate and perform their vital functions.
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DNA Full Form in Medical

In eukaryotes, DNA is normally found as linear chromosomes, but in prokaryotes, it is found as circular chromosomes. A cell’s genome is made up of its chromosomes; the human genome has roughly 3 billion base pairs of DNA, organised into 46 chromosomes. The information carried by DNA is stored in genes, which are a series of DNA fragments. Complementary base pairing is used to transmit genetic information in genes. A cell could also simply copy its genetic information in a process known as DNA replication.

All of DNA’s functions are dependent on protein interactions. Protein interactions can be non-specific or particular, with the protein binding to a single DNA sequence. Enzymes may bind to DNA, and polymerases, which copy the DNA base sequence during transcription and replication, are particularly crucial.

 

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FAQs on DNA Full Form in Biology, Medical, and Computer

What is DNA in its entirety?

DNA’s full term is Deoxyribonucleic acid.

What does DNA stand for in a nutshell?

Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a lengthy molecule that houses our unique genetic code.

What are the three different forms of DNA?

Double-stranded DNA comes in three different types, all of which are linked by interactions between complementary base pairs. A-form, B-form, and Z-form DNA are the three types of DNA.

What is the total amount of DNA in the human body?

The diploid human genome is made up of 46 different types of DNA molecules.

Is DNA a part of our blood?

Human DNA can be found in abundance in blood. Human white blood cells contain DNA, whereas red blood cells, which lack nuclei, do not.

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