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Difference Between UGC NET, JRF and CSIR NET

Annually, a significant number of candidates participate in the UGC NET (National Eligibility Test) and CSIR NET. These assessments play a pivotal role in establishing candidates’ eligibility for college and university-level lectureships.

Additionally, they confer a Junior Research Fellowship (JRF), enabling individuals to pursue Ph.D. studies or engage in research. The following article outlines the distinctions between UGC NET and CSIR NET.


UGC NET (National Eligibility Test) & CSIR NET i.e. Both exams are held two times a year, in the months of June and December. But there are many candidates who are confused between UGC- NET and CSIR NET. Actually, the purpose of conducting both these exams is the same, there is a difference in the subjects involved in that.

Both CSIR and UGC are two different bodies of the government, with their own respective NET entrance examination. While the CSIR conducts NET examinations for subjects of the Science stream, UGC conducts examinations of all the other streams and their respective subjects. 

UGC NET Eligibility Criteria

Candidates who have secured at least 55% marks (without rounding off) in Master’s Degree OR equivalent examination from universities/ institutions recognized by UGC in Humanities (including languages) and Social Science, Computer Science & Applications, Electronic Science etc.are eligible for this Test.

For Reserved Category: The Other Backward Classes(OBC) belonging to non creamy layer/Scheduled Caste(SC)/Scheduled Tribe(ST)/ persons with disability(PwD) category candidates who have secured at least 50% marks (without rounding off) in Master’s degree or equivalent examination are eligible for this test.

CSIR NET Eligibility Criteria

M.Sc. or equivalent degree/ Integrated BS-MS/BS-4 years/BE/B.Tech/B.Pharma/MBBS with at least 55% marks for General (UR)/General-EWS and OBC candidates and 50% for SC/ST, Persons with Disability (PwD) candidates.

UGC NET & CSIR NET Exam Pattern

The Examination pattern for both exams i.e. UGC NET and CSIR NET has been given below:

CSIR NET Exam Pattern

CSIR NET Examination will be going to be held for 5 subjects i.e. Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Earth Sciences and Mathematical Sciences. The candidates are advised to check out the following tables carefully and thoroughly.

  • Total Exam Time: 3 hours
  • Exam type:  multiple-choice questions.
  • The Test will consist of three parts i.e. Part A, B, C.
  • Mode of Examination: Computer Based Test (CBT) only.
  • There will be a negative marking @ 25% for each wrong answer.

UGC NET Exam Pattern

UGC NET 2024 Exam is conducted in online mode (Computer Based Test). The Computer Based Test (CBT) will consist of two papers i.e. Paper-I & Paper-II. There will be no break between Paper-I and Paper II. Both papers will consist of objective-type, multiple-choice questions. You would see the latest NTA UGC NET Syllabus Paper 1 & 2 in detail.

UGC NET Exam Pattern
Paper Marks Number of Questions (All Are Compulsory) Duration (First Shift) Duration (Second Shift)
I 100 50 03 hours (09:00 am to 12:00 pm) 03 hours (03:00 pm to 06:00 pm)

Age Limit:


Assistant Professor


UGC NET Nil 30 Year
CSIR UGC NET Nil 28 Year

JRF(Junior Research Fellowship) Stipend

The stipend of a JRF selected through CSIR/UGC NET will be Rs.37,000/- p.m for the first two years. In addition, an annual contingent grant of Rs.20,000/- per Fellow will be provided to the University / Institution.

The Fellowship will be governed by terms and conditions of CSIR, UGC or Research Scheme, as applicable. On Completion of two years as JRF and if the Fellow is registered for Ph.D, the Fellowship will be upgraded to SRF (NET) and the stipend will be increased to Rs.42,000/- p.m for the 3rd.

UGC NET JRF Fellowship  CSIR NET JRF Fellowship 

Difference Between UGC NET & CSIR NET?

CSIR NET (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research National Eligibility Test) and UGC NET (University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test) are both national-level exams conducted in India, but they serve different purposes and focus on different subject areas.

Subject Focus CSIR NET is primarily focused on science subjects, including Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Mathematical Sciences, and Earth, Atmospheric, Ocean, and Planetary Sciences. It is meant for candidates aiming to pursue research and teaching positions in scientific disciplines. UGC NET covers a wide range of subjects, including humanities, social sciences, commerce, languages, computer science, and more. It is designed for candidates aspiring to become college and university professors or researchers in various academic disciplines.
Eligibility Criteria Candidates with a postgraduate degree in relevant science subjects or a bachelor’s degree in engineering are eligible to apply for CSIR NET. The eligibility criteria for UGC NET vary based on the subject. Generally, candidates need to have a postgraduate degree with a certain percentage of marks to apply.
Scope of Qualification Qualifying CSIR NET opens opportunities for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and eligibility for lectureship in scientific institutions and universities. Qualifying UGC NET makes candidates eligible for lectureship positions in colleges and universities. Additionally, candidates can also apply for the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) in disciplines other than science.
Exam Pattern and Syllabus The exam pattern for CSIR NET includes a single paper with a combination of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and numerical answer type questions. The exam pattern for UGC NET includes multiple papers (Paper-I and Paper-II) with MCQs. The syllabus varies based on the chosen subject
Frequency of Exam CSIR NET is generally conducted twice a year for science subjects. UGC NET is conducted biannually for various subjects.
Certification and Funding Successful candidates of CSIR NET receive the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and are eligible to apply for research positions in CSIR laboratories and other institutions. Qualifying UGC NET makes candidates eligible for lectureship positions and also for the award of JRF in some disciplines.

Difference Between UGC NET, JRF and CSIR NET_3.1



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