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UGC NET Vs JRF, Difference Between NET and JRF

The National Testing Agency (NTA) administers UGC NET examinations, which have 2 purposes to solve for higher Education aspirants i.e. UGC NET (National Eligibility Test) and JRF (Junior Research Fellowship). The UGC NET serves as a national-level eligibility test, assessing candidates’ eligibility for the positions of Assistant Professor and/or Junior Research Fellowship in universities and colleges across the country. In this article, we will address all your inquiries and uncertainties regarding both the UGC NET and JRF Examinations, providing you with a comprehensive understanding of these tests.

What is UGC?

University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test (UGC NET) is a national-level exam conducted in order to determine the qualified candidates for Assistant Professor or both Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and Assistant Professor posts in Indian universities and colleges. National Testing Agency (NTA) has going to conduct the UGC NET exam.

UGC NET Vs JRF: Overview

UGC NET & JRF Exam are the same exam conducted by NTA. The only difference is that you need more marks to clear the JRF Cut Off Marks as compared to NET. UGC NET June 2024 will be out on the official website soon, candidate wants to know more about UGC NET. The details have been mentioned in the below table.

S.No. Particulars Details
1. Tenure of JRF 3 years
3. Eligibility
  • To get registered in M.Phil/PhD, a candidate needs to qualify for UGC NET &  JRF. And, the eligibility conditions for appearing for the UGC  NET  JRF exam are as follows:
  • The applicants who have obtained a master’s degree or equivalent with 55% marks are eligible for UGC NET & JRF. The candidates belonging to reserved categories are eligible for 5% relaxation in the marks.
  • The upper age limit is 30 years for the award of JRF (NET), which is relaxed up to 5 years for SC/ST/PWD/female candidates and 3 years for OBC category candidates.
4. UGC NET Online Application Procedure  UGC NET Official Notification 

Difference Between NET and JRF

UGC NET and JRF are one of the most popular exams started by the University Grants Commission (UGC). UGC NET & JRF exam is now conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) twice a year, i.e., during the months of June and December/January. If you qualify for the UGC NET Exam then you are eligible for Assistant Professor or both Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and Assistant Professor posts in Indian universities and colleges.

UGC NET is an eligibility test for Assistant Professor positions, while JRF is a competitive fellowship program awarded to successful UGC NET qualifiers to support their research pursuits. While UGC NET is focused on eligibility for teaching positions, JRF provides a platform for candidates to pursue research and contribute to their respective fields.

UGC NET stands for National Eligibility Test and is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). JRF – Junior Research Fellowship is a prestigious fellowship program administered by the University Grants Commission (UGC).
It is a national-level eligibility test to determine the eligibility of candidates for the role of Assistant Professor in Indian universities and colleges. It is awarded to candidates who qualify in the UGC NET exam and demonstrate exceptional research potential.
UGC NET assesses candidates’ knowledge and understanding in various subjects across disciplines. JRF provides financial support to selected candidates to pursue research in their chosen field.
Qualifying UGC NET allows candidates to apply for Assistant Professor positions in institutions across India. JRF recipients are expected to engage in research activities, publish papers, and contribute to the advancement of knowledge.
UGC NET does not automatically grant the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF). JRF holders are also eligible for lectureship positions in universities and colleges across India.

UGC NET & JRF Cut Off Marks 2024

In order to be considered for the award of JRF and/or eligibility for Assistant Professor, candidates need to score the minimum marks as discussed below.

Category Minimum Marks (%) to be obtained
Paper-I Paper-II
General 40% aggregate marks in both the papers taken together
OBC-NCL/PwD/SC/ST 35% aggregate marks in both the papers taken together
  • All candidates (who had applied for both Assistant Professor and JRF) out of the total number of qualified candidates derived in Step IV, shall be considered for JRF
  • A total number of slots available for awarding JRF is allocated among different categories as per the reservation policy of the  Government of India. The procedure for subject-wise cum category-wise allocation of JRF slots is mentioned below:
Example Description
Number of candidates to be declared qualified for JRF & Eligibility for Assistant Professor Both in the subject ‘Economics’ for the Scheduled Tribe (ST) category Number of candidates belonging to the ST category who have opted for JRF and have qualified for Eligibility for Assistant Professor Both in the subject ‘Economics’ (x) Total JRF slots available for ST category (÷) Total number of candidates belonging to ST category overall subjects who have opted for JRF and have qualified for Eligibility for Assistant Professor

The aggregate percentage secured by candidates in both papers corresponding to the number of JRF slots shall determine the qualifying cut-off for JRF in Economics for the ST category. Similarly, cutoffs shall be decided for all subjects and categories

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Difference Between NET and JRF: FAQs

Q: Is UGC NET conducted online?

Ans: Yes, ever since NTA started conducting the exam, UGC NET is conducted in online mode as a computer-based test (CBT) only.

Q. How many times is the UGC NET exam conducted in a year?

A. The UGC NET exam is usually conducted twice a year. Now NTA has released the UGC NET for December 2023

Q. What are the eligibility criteria for Assistant Professor as per UGC?

A. According to the UGC Regulation 2022, the Minimum Eligibility Criteria for the Assistant Professor, JRF or equivalent Posts in the UGC approved Universities are as follows: SET/SLET Qualified NET Certificates and a Master's Degree. Minimum 55% marks in Post-Graduation for the recruitment of Teachers Or PhD.

Q. Is NET exam compulsory for Assistant Professor?

A. Yes, it's mandatory and compulsory if you want to be an Assistant Professor/Lecturer across India. According to the UGC rule, only the UGC NET/CSIR NET/ICAR NET Exam is the gateway or entry for becoming Assistant Professor. Ph.D. candidates are not exempted from appearing in UGC NET.

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