Home   »   CTET 2024 Exam Date   »   How to Become a Govt Teacher

How to Become A Government Teacher?

How to Become a Government Teacher?

Government Jobs are always count as golden jobs and government teaching jobs are main highlights. Teaching is one of the most sought after jobs due to many factors like flexible timings, job security, and the respectability associated with the profession. Every year  lakhs of aspirants apply for various government teaching jobs across India.

A teacher is responsible for shaping the future of their students. The job responsibility is huge, hence the teacher’s selection process is designed to benefit the recruitment process of the aspiring teachers. In this article, we will be discussing the process of becoming a teacher and the eligibility criteria for the same.

For Latest Govt Teaches Jobs:  Sarkari Result 

Eligibility Criteria to become a Government Teacher

Candidate who want to teach , First of all have to determine what age group or class of students you wish to teach or check which classes they are eligible to teach. Once you know it, you can set a goal. Either you decide which class you wish to teach and attain the minimum eligibility criteria for the posts available in the government schools or you try to find the jobs for which you are already eligible.

Govt. Teaching Posts:

Now, let us find the major teaching posts are available in the government schools you can opt for.

Govt. Pre- Primary Teacher

As the name suggests, this post is for a pre- primary teaching job. The teachers are responsible for teaching the classes of nursery or kindergarten. The teachers are going to handle children from the age of 3 to the start of primary school (approx. 5 years old).

Govt Primary Teacher (PRT)

A primary teacher is responsible for classes 1 to 5. As a primary teacher in a government, candidates have to be trained to handle the budding minds of young pupils and meet their intellectual demands. They are responsible to provide quality education and help develop an inclination towards learning and developing new skills in their students.

Govt Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT)

TGT’s are responsible for classes 6 to 8. However, with promotions they are eligible for teaching up to 10th grades. In the case of TGTs, they teach specialized streams and subjects. For example, a teacher specialising in humanities teaches subjects from that stream and so on.

Govt. Post Graduate Teacher (PGT)

PGTs are eligible to teach up to 12th graders. They are postgraduates and they specialize in specific subjects. So, they mostly teach students from higher classes. The PGTs are responsible to provide better of their specialized subjects to their students in depth. As students decide their future course of higher education during the final years of their school career, the teachers need to offer proper guidance and assistance to the students in finding their path.

Teaching Courses for Government Teacher Jobs Along with TET : Check Details Here

Minimum eligibility criteria for becoming a Teacher

The minimum eligibility criteria for PRT, TGT, and PGT are different. However, a common eligibility criterion for the PRT, TGT, and PGT is qualifying CTET or TET examination conducted by the CBSE or State Governments respectively.

Minimum Eligibility Criteria for PRT, TGT and PGT
PRT Teacher TGT Teacher PGT Teacher
Senior Secondary School Certificate with 50% marks or Intermediate with 50% marks or its equivalent. Four years’ Integrated degree course of Regional College of Education of NCERT in the concerned subject with at least 50% marks in aggregate


Bachelor’s Degree with at least 50% marks in the concerned subjects/ combination of subjects and in aggregate. The electives subjects and Languages in the combination of subjects as under.

Two years’ Integrated Post Graduate M.Sc Course of Regional College of Education of NCERT in the concerned subject;


Master Degree from a recognized University with at least 50%marks in aggregate in the following subjects.

Pass in the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) conducted by the CBSE


Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) conducted by different State Governments

Pass in the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET), conducted by CBSE


Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) conducted by different State Governments

B.Ed. or equivalent degree from a recognized university
Two years diploma in education (D.Ed.) or Bachelor in elementary education (B.EL.Ed.) or JBT. B.Ed. or equivalent degree from a recognized university.

Government Teacher Salary Structure

The following table depicts the salary structure of a TET qualified Teacher for the PRT, TGT, and PGT posts. Remember, the following information is only indicative of salary slips for the posts. However, the actual salary structure might vary based on the post, work experience and the policy guidelines of the respective school administration.

Component Govt. teacher  Salary Structure (in Rs)
Pay Scale 9,300-34,800 9,300-34,800 9,300-34,800
Grade Pay 4,200 4,600 4,800
Basic Pay after 7th Pay Commission 35,400 44,900 47,600
DA (42 %) 14,868 18,858 19,992
HRA (24% for X cities) 9558 12,123 12,852
TA 3,600 3,600 3,600
Gross Salary (Basic Pay+HRA+TA+DA) Rs 63426 (Approx. ) Rs 75917 (Approx. ) Rs 84044 (Approx. )
Net Salary 60,000-65,000 73,000-77,000 83,000-86,000

Govt. Teacher Recruitment Process:

The recruitment process of Government teacher’s is simple and straightforward. The process consists of three stages as mentioned below:

Appear for CTET or TET

The candidates have to clear the CTET or TET examination. The CTET or TET consist of two papers- Paper I and Paper-II. Candidates willing to teach classes 1 to 5 need to appear for Paper I and for classes 6 to 8 candidates need to appear for Paper-II. If a candidate wants to teach from classes 1 to 8 then he/she has to appear for both the examinations.

After Passing CTET or TET

Once the candidates have cleared the examination of CTET or TET, they become eligible to apply for job openings available in various government schools. The candidates are provided with a certificate. Candidates have to remember that clearing CTET or TET is not a guarantee for employment or job offers.

Interview process of Government School

Candidates have to apply to different government schools or institutes. Once they are called upon they have to go through an interview process. This interview will determine the acceptance or rejection of the candidate’s job application. During the interview, the candidates are assessed under the parameters of  expertise of subject matter, teaching skills, interpersonal skills and overall performance. Once they are found suitable to become a teacher for the respective schools, the candidates are appointed as a teacher.

Confuse Between Government vs. Private Teaching Jobs ; Check Here

Career Growth Opportunities for Government Teachers

Once the teachers are appointed to a certain post, various career opportunities open up for them. The career path and growth is determined by their skills, experience, and performance. Some of the posts for teachers to get gradually promoted are:

  • Senior Teacher
  • Assistant Teacher
  • Headmaster
  • Principal


Opening for Government Teaching jobs is regularly available. Candidates aspiring to become government teachers have to qualify the minimum eligibility criteria for various posts mentioned above. CTET or TET is the mandatory qualification for becoming a teacher in government schools. Thus, candidates aspiring to become government teachers should prepare themselves for the same. Graduation, post-graduation and B.Ed degree are other qualifications that are required to become eligible for government teaching jobs. These qualifications also will help the candidates in acquiring promotions in their future course of a career.


CTET 2023 Notification Links
CTET Exam Date CTET Admit Card 2023
CTET Previous Year Papers CTET Certificate Validity
CTET Selection Process CTET 2022 Notification PDF
CTET Cut OFF 2023 CTET New Syllabus 2023 



Sharing is caring!


What is the salary of government teachers in India?

The Salary of Government Teacher will be decided as per 7th pay commission.

Is govt teacher a good career option

Government Teacher job is considered to be a very prestigious job in India which is suitable for both the women and men

Is B Ed required for Ctet?

BEd is not compulsory to apply for the CTET exam.

About the Author

I'm a content writer at Adda247, specializing in blog writing for National and State Level Competitive Government Exams for the Teaching Vertical. I research and curate genuine information to create engaging and authenticate articles. My goal is to provide valuable resources for aspiring candidates while promoting Adda247's mission.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *