How to Become a Government Teacher?
Government Jobs are always count as golden jobs and government teaching jobs are main highlights. Teaching is one of the most sought after jobs due to many factors like flexible timings, job security, and the respectability associated with the profession. Every year lakhs of aspirants apply for various government teaching jobs across India. A teacher is responsible for shaping the future of their students. The job responsibility is huge, hence the teacher’s selection process is designed to benefit the recruitment process of the aspiring teachers. In this article, we will be discussing the process of becoming a teacher and the eligibility criteria for the same.
Eligibility Criteria to become a Government Teacher
Candidate who want to teach , First of all have to determine what age group or class of students you wish to teach or check which classes they are eligible to teach. Once you know it, you can set a goal. Either you decide which class you wish to teach and attain the minimum eligibility criteria for the posts available in the government schools or you try to find the jobs for which you are already eligible.
Govt. Teaching Posts:
Now, let us find the major teaching posts are available in the government schools you can opt for.
Govt. Pre- Primary Teacher
As the name suggests, this post is for a pre- primary teaching job. The teachers are responsible for teaching the classes of nursery or kindergarten. The teachers are going to handle children from the age of 3 to the start of primary school (approx. 5 years old).
Govt Primary Teacher (PRT)
A primary teacher is responsible for classes 1 to 5. As a primary teacher in a government, candidates have to be trained to handle the budding minds of young pupils and meet their intellectual demands. They are responsible to provide quality education and help develop an inclination towards learning and developing new skills in their students.
Govt Trained Graduate Teacher (TGT)
TGT’s are responsible for classes 6 to 8. However, with promotions they are eligible for teaching up to 10th grades. In the case of TGTs, they teach specialized streams and subjects. For example, a teacher specialising in humanities teaches subjects from that stream and so on.
Govt. Post Graduate Teacher (PGT)
PGTs are eligible to teach up to 12th graders. They are postgraduates and they specialize in specific subjects. So, they mostly teach students from higher classes. The PGTs are responsible to provide better of their specialized subjects to their students in depth. As students decide their future course of higher education during the final years of their school career, the teachers need to offer proper guidance and assistance to the students in finding their path.
Minimum eligibility criteria for becoming a Teacher
The minimum eligibility criteria for PRT, TGT, and PGT are different. However, a common eligibility criterion for the PRT, TGT, and PGT is qualifying CTET or TET examination conducted by the CBSE or State Governments respectively.
|Minimum Eligibility Criteria for PRT, TGT and PGT|
|PRT Teacher||TGT Teacher||PGT Teacher|
|Senior Secondary School Certificate with 50% marks or Intermediate with 50% marks or its equivalent.||Four years’ Integrated degree course of Regional College of Education of NCERT in the concerned subject with at least 50% marks in aggregate
Bachelor’s Degree with at least 50% marks in the concerned subjects/ combination of subjects and in aggregate. The electives subjects and Languages in the combination of subjects as under.
|Two years’ Integrated Post Graduate M.Sc Course of Regional College of Education of NCERT in the concerned subject;
Master Degree from a recognized University with at least 50%marks in aggregate in the following subjects.
|Pass in the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) conducted by the CBSE
Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) conducted by different State Governments
|Pass in the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET), conducted by CBSE
Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) conducted by different State Governments
|B.Ed. or equivalent degree from a recognized university|
|Two years diploma in education (D.Ed.) or Bachelor in elementary education (B.EL.Ed.) or JBT.||B.Ed. or equivalent degree from a recognized university.|
Government Teacher Salary Structure
The following table depicts the salary structure of a TET qualified Teacher for the PRT, TGT, and PGT posts. Remember, the following information is only indicative of salary slips for the posts. However, the actual salary structure might vary based on the post, work experience and the policy guidelines of the respective school administration.
|Component||Govt. teacher Salary Structure (in Rs)|
|Basic Pay after 7th Pay Commission||35,400||44,900||47,600|
|Gross Salary (Basic Pay+HRA+TA)||40,240||49,900||53,550|
Govt. Teacher Recruitment Process:
The recruitment process of Government teacher’s is simple and straightforward. The process consists of three stages as mentioned below:
Appear for CTET or TET
The candidates have to clear the CTET or TET examination. The CTET or TET consist of two papers- Paper I and Paper-II. Candidates willing to teach classes 1 to 5 need to appear for Paper I and for classes 6 to 8 candidates need to appear for Paper-II. If a candidate wants to teach from classes 1 to 8 then he/she has to appear for both the examinations.
After Passing CTET or TET
Once the candidates have cleared the examination of CTET or TET, they become eligible to apply for job openings available in various government schools. The candidates are provided with a certificate. Candidates have to remember that clearing CTET or TET is not a guarantee for employment or job offers.
Interview process of Government School
Candidates have to apply to different government schools or institutes. Once they are called upon they have to go through an interview process. This interview will determine the acceptance or rejection of the candidate’s job application. During the interview, the candidates are assessed under the parameters of expertise of subject matter, teaching skills, interpersonal skills and overall performance. Once they are found suitable to become a teacher for the respective schools, the candidates are appointed as a teacher.
Career Growth Opportunities for Government Teachers
Once the teachers are appointed to a certain post, various career opportunities open up for them. The career path and growth is determined by their skills, experience, and performance. Some of the posts for teachers to get gradually promoted are:
- Senior Teacher
- Assistant Teacher
Opening for Government Teaching jobs is regularly available. Candidates aspiring to become government teachers have to qualify the minimum eligibility criteria for various posts mentioned above. CTET or TET is the mandatory qualification for becoming a teacher in government schools. Thus, candidates aspiring to become government teachers should prepare themselves for the same. Graduation, post-graduation and B.Ed degree are other qualifications that are required to become eligible for government teaching jobs. These qualifications also will help the candidates in acquiring promotions in their future course of a career.
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