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Can I become a Professor after clearing NET?

UGC NET Exam is the national-level exams conducted to determine the eligibility of candidates applying for only Assistant Professor or both Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and Assistant Professor post. UGC NET exam is entry level exam for Ph.D. and higher research studies in Indian universities and colleges. While preparing for the UGC NET Exam, candidate always ask about what profession they will carry after clearing UGC NET Exam. Here in this article, we have discussed the about professor career after UGC  NET and JRF to help you understand both in detail.

UGC NET 2022 Notification

What is UGC NET?

UGC NET exam is a national-level eligibility exam for Assistant Professor post and JRF (Junior Research Fellowship) aspirants. The UGC NET Exams are conducted by NTA (National Testing Agency) twice a year in December and June.

As UGC NET Exam will be over, successful candidates can opt for Assistant Professor post, Ph.D and M.Phil in various Indian Universities depending on their area of expertise and subject. The candidates will become eligible to apply for the Assistant Professor/ Lecturers post in various Indian Universities and Colleges while simultaneously pursuing their Ph.D./ M.Phil.

Candidates also become eligible for some lucrative jobs offered by PSUs (Public Service Undertakings). Candidates related to various disciplines such as management, human resource, corporate communication, finance, science, can apply for PSUs in R&D department. 

UGC NET Exam Highlights

Can I become a Professor after clearing NET? Begore reaching to this question let clear about UGC NET Examination which is held by NTA. 

Name of the Exam National Eligibility Test (NET)
Conducting Body National Testing Agency (NTA)
Exam Conducted in A Year Twice a Year
Mode of Examination Online
Type of Questions Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
Number of Papers
  • UGC NET Paper I
  • UGC NET Paper-II
Number of Questions 150
Time Duration 3 hours
Negative Marking No


What Is Assistant Professor?

Assistant professors are employed at universities or colleges where they teach students and conduct research for further course. This is entry post in Colleges after clearing UGC NET Exam. Once a candidate clears the UGC NET Exams, they become eligible to apply for the Assistant Professor posts in various Indian universities and colleges. Candidates can simultaneously pursue their Ph.D or research work. By completing their Ph.D candidates ensure promotions and career growth in future. Candidates can get promoted to Associate Professor, Professor, Head of Department and so on. 

What Is Associate Professor?

Associate Professor is the rank candidate get after assistant professor promotion with 14 yr work service. A candidate with PHD and minimum of 8 yr of experience of teaching and/or research in an
academic/research position can hold Associate Professor profession.

What Is Professor?

Associate Professors who have completed three years of service in that grade with Ph.D. degree and minimum of 10 research publications in peer reviewed/ UGC listed journals out of which three research papers shall be published during the assessment period will be eligible for Professor Post. A Professor or Associate Professor (without PhD) will have same powers, workload, salary, pay band etc. Professor get promotion and become Vice Chancellor or Principal or HOD in college.

What is the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF)?

JRF or Junior Research Fellowship is a certificate awarded by UGC to the top 5-7% of candidates who clear UGC NET exams. It is a scholarship program for candidates opting for research work and higher studies.

The cut-off marks of UGC NET and JRF differ every year. The factors that contribute to such difference in cut-off marks are:

  •  The number of candidates who opt for the UGC NET exam in a particular year.
  •  The difficulty level of the exam.
  •   The number of seats available for the positions.

Can I become a Professor after clearing NET?

Yes, Candidate can apply for Assistant Professor. Candidate have to follow process for becoming Professor. First Assistant professor, then Associate and in last Professor. The process of becoming professor has lucrative benefit with qualifying UGC NET is that the candidates become eligible for attractive salary packages when they apply for the Post of Professor. They become eligible to apply in various Government and Private Colleges/Universities/ Institutions.


Q:  What is the age limit for the UGC NET Exam?

A: As per UGC NET Eligibility guidelines, there is no age limit for the assistant professor. However, the age of candidates for JRF should not exceed 31 years.

Q: Are there any negative markings in the UGC NET Exam?

A: No, there is no negative marking in UGC NET Exam.

Q: What is the validity of the UGC NET JRF certificate/ award letter?

A: The validity of the UGC NET JRF certificate is three years from the date of its issuance.

Q: What is the mode of the UGC NET Exam?

A: The UGC NET Exam is conducted in Computer Based Mode (online) only.

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