What is the full form of ATP in Biology? | adda247_00.1
Online Tution   »   Important Question   »   ATP Full Form

What is the full form of ATP in Biology?

What is the full form of ATP in Biology?– The organic component adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a hydrotrope that provides energy to various functions in living cells, including muscular contraction, nerve impulse propagation, condensate dissolving, and chemical synthesis. ATP is the “molecular unit of currency” of intracellular energy transfer and is found in all known forms of life. It converts to either adenosine diphosphate or adenosine monophosphate when consumed in metabolic processes. Other systems recycle ATP, allowing the human body to recycle its own body weight in ATP every day. It also serves as a coenzyme and is a precursor to DNA and RNA.

ATP is a nucleoside triphosphate in biochemistry, which means it is made up of three components: a nitrogenous base, the sugar ribose, and the triphosphate.
Read About: Who Discovered Proton?

 

ATP Full Form in Hindi (ATP ka Full Form)

कार्बनिक घटक एडेनोसिन ट्राइफॉस्फेट (एटीपी) एक हाइड्रोट्रोप है जो जीवित कोशिकाओं में विभिन्न कार्यों को ऊर्जा प्रदान करता है, जिसमें पेशी संकुचन, तंत्रिका आवेग प्रसार, घनीभूत विघटन और रासायनिक संश्लेषण शामिल हैं। एटीपी इंट्रासेल्युलर ऊर्जा हस्तांतरण की “मुद्रा की आणविक इकाई” है और जीवन के सभी ज्ञात रूपों में पाया जाता है। चयापचय प्रक्रियाओं में खपत होने पर यह या तो एडेनोसिन डाइफॉस्फेट या एडेनोसिन मोनोफॉस्फेट में परिवर्तित हो जाता है। अन्य प्रणालियाँ एटीपी का पुनर्चक्रण करती हैं, जिससे मानव शरीर हर दिन एटीपी में अपने शरीर के वजन को पुन: चक्रित कर सकता है। यह एक कोएंजाइम के रूप में भी कार्य करता है और डीएनए और आरएनए का अग्रदूत है।

एटीपी को जैव रसायन में न्यूक्लियोसाइड ट्राइफॉस्फेट के रूप में वर्गीकृत किया गया है, जिसका अर्थ है कि यह तीन घटकों से बना है: एक नाइट्रोजनस बेस, शुगर राइबोज और ट्राइफॉस्फेट।
Read About: Reason of Ozone Holes

 

ATP: Structure

The 9-nitrogen atom of adenine is connected to the 1′ carbon atom of a sugar (ribose), which is then bonded to a triphosphate group at the sugar’s 5′ carbon atom. The adenine and sugar groups stay intact throughout their various metabolic processes, while the triphosphate is transformed to di- and monophosphate, yielding ADP and AMP, respectively. The three phosphoryl groups are known as alpha, beta, and gamma for the terminal phosphate.

Ionized ATP is predominantly ATP4 in neutral solution, with a tiny amount of ATP3.
Read About: Biosphere Reserve

 

ATP Full Form in Biology and its Discovery

Both Karl Lohmann and Jendrassik of Harvard Medical School and Cyrus Fiske and Yellapragada Subba Rao of Harvard Medical School discovered ATP in 1929, vying against each other to find a phosphorus assay.

Fritz Albert Lipmann described it as an intermediate between energy-yielding and energy-demanding reactions in cells in 1941.

Alexander Todd was the first to synthesis it in the lab in 1948.

CBSE Full Form ICSE Full Form
CEO Full Form SOP Full Form
AM PM  Full Form ACP Full Form

 

FAQs

What is the function of ATP in the human body?

At the cellular level, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the energy source for use and storage.

Is it safe to consume ATP?

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved this kind of adenosine (FDA). When given by injection by qualified healthcare personnel, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is POSSIBLY SAFE. When administered by skilled healthcare providers via intramuscular injection (IM), adenosine monophosphate (AMP) is POSSIBLY SAFE.

Is it possible to live without ATP?

Cells would die if they didn’t have ATP, their “energy currency.”

How much ATP do people utilise on a daily basis?

Every day, around 100 to 150 mol/L of ATP is required, implying that each ATP molecule is regenerated 1000 to 1500 times. The human body, in essence, expends its weight in ATP on a daily basis.

1 ATP equals how many calories?

Under typical conditions, hydrolysis of one mole of ATP to ADP releases 7.3 kcal/mole of energy.

Sharing is caring!

×

Download success!

Thanks for downloading the guide. For similar guides, free study material, quizzes, videos and job alerts you can download the Adda247 app from play store.

Thank You, Your details have been submitted we will get back to you.

Was this page helpful?

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Login

OR

Forgot Password?

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Sign Up

OR
Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Forgot Password

Enter the email address associated with your account, and we'll email you an OTP to verify it's you.


Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to
/6


Did not recive OTP?

Resend in 60s

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Change Password



Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Almost there

Please enter your phone no. to proceed
+91

Join India's largest learning destination

What You Will get ?

  • Job Alerts
  • Daily Quizzes
  • Subject-Wise Quizzes
  • Current Affairs
  • Previous year question papers
  • Doubt Solving session

Enter OTP

Please enter the OTP sent to Edit Number


Did not recive OTP?

Resend 60

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?

By skipping this step you will not recieve any free content avalaible on adda247, also you will miss onto notification and job alerts

Are you sure you want to skip this step?