Table of Contents
How Many Biosphere Reserves Are There in India
India had 18 biosphere reserves recognized by UNESCO. However, the number of biosphere reserves in India may have changed since then as new ones can be designated, or the status of existing ones may have been updated. I recommend checking with the latest information from the Government of India or UNESCO to get the most current count and details of biosphere reserves in India.
Total Biosphere Reserves in India
18 Biosphere Reserves serve as testing grounds for transdisciplinary approaches to understanding monitoring and regulating changes in social and ecological systems, as well as biodiversity management. They are regions that offer local solutions to challenges faced by the world. Terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems are all included in biosphere reserves. Each site encourages methods that balance biodiversity conservation with long-term use.
National governments nominate biosphere reserves, which remain within the sovereign jurisdiction of the states in which they are located. Following the decisions of the MAB International Coordinating Council, the Director-General of UNESCO designates Biosphere Reserves under the intergovernmental MAB Programme (MAB ICC). Their status is well-known over the world. The designation process allows member states to submit sites.
Read About: Biodiversity
Unesco Biosphere Reserve in India
There are 18 biosphere reserves in India, to safeguard bigger areas of natural habitat than a conventional national park or animal sanctuary, and these reserves frequently incorporate one or more national parks or reserves, as well as buffer zones that are available to some economic activities. The protected region’s flora and animals, as well as the people populations that live there and their way of life, are all given protection.
Read About: UNESCO
Largest Biosphere Reserve in India
How many Biosphere Reserves are there in India: List of 18 Biosphere Reserves
- Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve-Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
- Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve-Uttarakhand
- Gulf of Mannar-Tamil Nadu
- Sundarbans-West Bengal
- Dihang-Dibang-Arunachal Pradesh
- Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve-Madhya Pradesh
- Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve-Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
- Great Rann of Kutch-Gujarat Desert
- Cold Desert-Himachal Pradesh
- Khangchendzonga National Park-Sikkim
- Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve-Kerala, Tamil Nadu
- Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve-Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- Seshachalam Hills-Andhra Pradesh
- Panna-Madhya Pradesh
Read About: Ramsar Sites of India
Total Biosphere Reserves in India: Zones
Three biosphere reserve zones exist:
Biosphere Reserve: Core Zone
Human involvement is strictly banned in this legally protected area. The data from these locations aids in determining the long-term viability of operations and the preservation of environmental quality in the surrounding areas.
Biosphere Reserve: Buffer Zone
The buffer zone encompasses the area immediately surrounding the core zone. Humans are only allowed to engage in research and education here. The core area’s conservation aims should not be obstructed by these activities. This category also covers actions that improve the quality of production by assisting in the management of natural vegetation, agricultural land, fisheries, and forests. Recreation and tourism amenities may be included in this zone. In comparison to the transition zone, human activity in this zone is less intense.
Biosphere Reserve: Manipulation Zones
Human activities such as crops, recreation, forestry, and settlements are permitted in this periphery of a biosphere reserve with the agreement of reserve management and local people. The degraded region is restored to its natural state through these activities. Local communities, scientists, conservation agencies, cultural groups, and other stakeholders all work together in this zone to ensure that the environment is used sustainably for the benefit of the people who live there.