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Biosphere Reserves

 

Biosphere Reserves serve as testing grounds for transdisciplinary approaches to understanding and monitoring and regulating changes in social and ecological systems, as well as biodiversity management. They are regions that offer local solutions to challenges faced by the world. Terrestrial, marine and coastal ecosystems are all included in biosphere reserves. Each site encourages methods that balance biodiversity conservation with long-term use.

National governments nominate biosphere reserves, which remain within the sovereign jurisdiction of the states in which they are located. Following the decisions of the MAB International Coordinating Council, the Director-General of UNESCO designates Biosphere Reserves under the intergovernmental MAB Programme (MAB ICC). Their status is well-known over the world. The designation process allows member states to submit sites.

Read About: Biodiversity

 

Biosphere Reserves in India

There are 18 biosphere reserves in India, to safeguard bigger areas of natural habitat than a conventional national park or animal sanctuary, and these reserves frequently incorporate one or more national parks or reserves, as well as buffer zones that are available to some economic activities. The protected region’s flora and animals, as well as the people populations that live there and their way of life, are all given protection.

Read About: UNESCO

 

List of 18 Biosphere Reserves in India

  • Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve-Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
  • Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve-Uttarakhand
  • Gulf of Mannar-Tamil Nadu
  • Nokrek-Meghalaya
  • Sundarbans-West Bengal
  • Manas-Assam
  • Simlipal-Odisha
  • Dihang-Dibang-Arunachal Pradesh
  • Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve-Madhya Pradesh
  • Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve-Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh
  • Great Rann of Kutch-Gujarat Desert
  • Cold Desert-Himachal Pradesh
  • Khangchendzonga National Park-Sikkim
  • Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve-Kerala, Tamil Nadu
  • Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve-Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • Dibru-Saikhowa-Assam
  • Seshachalam Hills-Andhra Pradesh
  • Panna-Madhya Pradesh

Read About: Ramsar Sites of India

 

Biosphere Reserves Definition in terms of Zones

Three biosphere reserve zones exist:

 

Biosphere Reserve: Core Zone

Human involvement is strictly banned in this legally protected area. The data from these locations aids in determining the long-term viability of operations and the preservation of environmental quality in the surrounding areas.

 

Biosphere Reserve: Buffer Zone

The buffer zone encompasses the area immediately surrounding the core zone. Humans are only allowed to engage in research and education here. The core area’s conservation aims should not be obstructed by these activities. This category also covers actions that improve the quality of production by assisting in the management of natural vegetation, agricultural land, fisheries, and forests. Recreation and tourism amenities may be included in this zone. In comparison to the transition zone, human activity in this zone is less intense.

 

Biosphere Reserve: Manipulation Zones

Human activities such as crops, recreation, forestry, and settlements are permitted in this periphery of a biosphere reserve with the agreement of reserve management and local people. The degraded region is restored to its natural state through these activities. Local communities, scientists, conservation agencies, cultural groups, and other stakeholders all work together in this zone to ensure that the environment is used sustainably for the benefit of the people who live there.

 

FAQs

Name the 3 biosphere reserve zones.

The three zones are: Core zone, Buffer zone and Manipulation zones.

What is the primary objective of the Biosphere Reserve?

The primary goal of a biosphere reserve is to preserve genetic diversity in representative ecosystems by safeguarding wild animals, inhabitant traditional lifestyles, and domesticated plant/animal genetic resources.

What distinguishes Biosphere Reserves?

Outpacing traditionally limited conservation zones through zoning designs that combine core protected areas with zones where local residents and businesses support sustainable development through often very inventive and participatory governance systems.

What is the world’s largest biosphere reserve?

The Tsá Té International Biosphere Reserve is the world’s largest biosphere reserve.

What is the total number of Biosphere Reserves?

There are 714 biosphere reserves in the world.

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