Capital of Madhya Pradesh 2022
Often known as the city of lakes, Bhopal, is the capital city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Here, in this article, we will dive deeper and know more about this beautiful capital city, which certainly has a rich past and is even enjoying the privilege of being one of the foremost and one of the most developed capital cities in India. In simple words, this article will certainly help you know more about the capital of Madhya Pradesh!
Capital of Madhya Pradesh before Bhopal
Gwalior. The capital of Madhya Pradesh was Gwalior during the summers of 1948-56. The ancient name of the Gwalior district was Gopanchal.
Now, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh’s capital, blends scenic beauty, cultural significance, and urbanised architecture. Bhopal was the name of a Muslim royal kingdom in Central India in the past. Bhopal state was merged into Madhya Pradesh in 1956 as a result of the States Reorganization Act.
Despite the fact that India gained independence in August 1947, the Maharaja of Bhopal did not submit to the Indian government until May 1, 1949.
Capital of Madhya Pradesh is Bhopal city: Geography
Bhopal is situated on the Malwa plateau in central India, just north of the top limit of the Vindhya mountain ranges. The city has an uneven elevation and tiny hills within its bounds, with the Idgah and Shyamala hills in the northern part and the Katara hills in the southern zone being the most noteworthy. Upper lake, with a surface size of 36 km2 and a catchment area of 361 km2, and lower lake, with a surface area of 1.29 km2 and a catchment area of 9.6 km2, are the two lakes. The city of Bhopal is separated into two parts: Old Bhopal, which is around the VIP and lake, and New Bhopal (south), which is primarily populated by malls.
Located at an altitude of 572 Metres, Bhopal’s temperature in summers ranges from 24.9 to 47.7 degrees °C. However, in Winters, Bhopal faces a temperature range of about Max 24.5, and Min 9.1. Moreover, the best Seasons here are considered from October to March.
What is Capital of Madhya Pradesh?
Bhopal has a strong economic foundation. With a plethora of major and medium-sized businesses operating in and around the city, Bhopal is one of Madhya Pradesh’s two strong wealth pillars and is regarded as one of the most important financial and economic destinations in the state. Bhopal is often considered a Y-class city, which means it is a city with fare economy. Bhopal, the city of lakes and the capital of Madhya Pradesh, is also home to a number of educational and research institutes. Many reputed institutions are located here as well as national-level installations, such as ISRO’s Master Control Facility, BHEL, and AMPRI. Bhopal is home to a number of India’s National Institutes of Excellence, including IISER, MANIT, SPA, AIIMS, NLIU, IIFM, NIDMP, and IIIT. The Bhopal division of the West Central Railways (WCR), whose office is located at Rani Kamlapati Railway Station, is also headquartered in Bhopal city itself.
Under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s flagship Smart Cities Mission, Bhopal was chosen as one of the first twenty Indian cities to be developed as a smart city. Bhopal was also named India’s cleanest state capital city three years in a row, in 2017, 2018, and 2019.
Capital city of Madhya Pradesh Bhopal Gas Tragedy
Following the Bhopal disaster in December 1984, the city drew international attention. The Union Carbide pesticide facility in Bhopal released 32 tonnes of hazardous chemicals, including methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas, resulting in the world’s worst industrial disaster. Toxic wastes damaged the land and groundwater surrounding the industrial site, and the cleanup of environmental contamination and rehabilitation of individuals affected remains a concern for the people of Bhopal. Initially, the official death toll was estimated to be around 4,000. According to an official assessment from Madhya Pradesh, 3,787 people died in the tragedy, while other estimates suggest the number of people killed was much greater. Furthermore, the accident’s medical problems in the weeks and years that followed. In terms of psychological and neurological problems, blindness, skin, vision, breathing, and birth abnormalities, the disaster’s effects can still be felt today.
For the inhabitants of Bhopal, the Bhopal disaster remains a source of social and political discussion as well as logistical difficulty.
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Capital of Madhya Pradesh: FAQs
What is the name of Madhya Pradesh’s old capital?
During the summers of 1948-56, Gwalior was the capital of Madhya Pradesh.
Is Indore the capital of Madhya Pradesh?
From 1950 until 1956, Indore served as the capital of Madhya Bharat.
Why isn’t Indore the state capital of Madhya Pradesh?
Indore became the state’s summer capital after independence when Madhya Bharat was formed in 1948. When Madhya Bharat was amalgamated into Madhya Pradesh on November 1, 1956, the state capital was moved to Bhopal.
What is the name of Punjab’s capital?
Punjab’s capital is Chandigarh.
What is Bhopal as a city?
It is renowned as the City of Lakes because of its numerous natural and man-made lakes and for being one of India’s greenest towns. It is India’s 16th largest city and the world’s 131st. Bhopal, the state capital, was a part of the Sehore district after Madhya Pradesh was formed.