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Active and Passive Voice Examples with Answers, Rules, Exercises

Active and passive voice

In English grammar, Active and passive voice is one of the fundamental applications of forms of verbs. Active voice is a sentence that starts with a subject or ‘  doer ‘ and passive voice is a sentence that begins with the object. Before we learn about Active voice and passive voice, first we understand about voice. In this article, we understand active and passive voice and its sentence structure with examples.  Here we provide a list of 20 Active and Passive voice change questions for practice.

Active voice and passive voice

The term Voice is used to denote the form of a verb that shows whether a grammatical subject is doing the action or receiving it. Voices are categorized into 2 classes-

Active Voice – In sentences written in the active voice, the subject takes part in the action.
Passive Voice–  in passive voice sentences, the subject is the recipient of the action.
In academic writing, it is typically preferred to use an active verb along with a subject that specifically identifies the person or thing doing the action. Verbs in the active voice are more powerful and typically forceful than verbs in the passive voice or versions of the verb “be.”
Example –
Active voice – I  teach English
Passive voice – English is taught by me.
Here, In the active voice, the sentence starts with the subject ( the teacher)  But In a passive voice, the sentence begins with the object ( the  boy)

Active and passive voice sentence structure

Now, we must understand the formation of sentences in active and passive voice. We know that Active voice starts with the subject or pronoun, whereas passive voice starts with the object. let’s understand the structure of active and passive voice with examples.

Active voice Structure –    Subject+verb+object
Eg- I teach mathematics.
I wrote the letter.

Passive voice Structure–    Object -verb – subject
Eg- Mathematics is taught by me.
The letter was written by me.

Active and passive voice: forms of verbs

Let’s see different types of passive voice and active voice one by one and their Structures. Before when knowing about various rules about voice, first understand those three forms of verbs. Those are- 1) Present form of the verb  ( V¹ )
2) past form of the verb (V²)
3) Past participle form of the verb (V³)

Let’s understand with some examples of verbs.

 The basic form of the verb The present form of the verb  ( V¹ ) The past form of the verb (V²) Past participle form of the verb (V³)
 Be Be was, were  been
See See Saw Seen
Fly Fly Flew Flown
Become Become Became Become
 Rise  Rise Rose  Risen
Dig Dig Dug Dug
Eat Eat  Ate Eaten
Go Go Went Gone

 

 

Active and passive voice rules: Change in pronoun

when we change an active voice into a passive voice, we have to change the pronoun into an objective form or vice versa. For example.

Active form-I helped them

passive from-They were helped by me.

Here is a list of some important pronouns with their subjective form as well as objective forms.

Subject form  object form
He Him
She Her
It It
I Me
We Us
They Them
You You

 

Active and passive voice rules and example: Voice & Tense

• Simple present tense –
Active voice – subject + V¹ +object
Passive voice – object+am/ is/are + V³+by+ subject
Example –
Active-I watch television every night.
Passive-Television is watched by me every night.
Active- She plays hockey.
Passive- Hockey is played by her.
• Present continues tense –
Active voice – subject +am/is / are +V¹+ing  +object
Passive voice – object+ am/ is/are +being +  V³+by+ subject
Example –
Active-  She is feeding the poor.
Passive- The poor are being fed by her.
• Present perfect tense-
Active voice – subject +has/have +V³ +object
Passive voice – object+has/have +been + V³+by+ subject
Example –
Active- Rishi has made the bed.
Passive- The bed has been made by Rishi
Active- She has performed her duty well
Passive-  Her duty has been performed well by her

• Present perfect continuous tense-
Active voice – subject +has/have +V³ +object
Passive voice – object+has/have + V³+by+ subject
Example –
Active- Rishi has made the bed.
Passive- The bed has been made by Rishi
Active- She has performed her duty well
Passive-  Her duty has been performed well by her

• Simple past tense
Active voice – subject + v²+object
Passive voice – object+ was/were + V³ +by+ subject
Example –
Active- He made a plan.
Passive- A plan was made by him.
Active- parul answered all the questions correctly.
Passive- All the questions were correctly answered by Parul.

• past continuous tense
Active voice – subject + was/were+ v¹ +ing +object
Passive voice – object+ was/were + being+ V³ +b + subject
Example –
Active- She was looking into the matter.
Passive- The matter was being looked into by her.

 Past perfect tense –
Active voice – subject + had+ v³ +object
Passive voice – object+had + been+ V³ +by+ subject
Example –
Active- A pilot had predicted such an accident.
Passive- Such an accident had been predicted by a pilot.

•  Simple Future tense-
Active voice- Subject + will/shall+ V(base form) + object
Passive voice- Object +will/shall+be +V³+ by +subject.
Example-
Active- Your boss will question you
Passive- You will be questioned by your boss.

•  Future perfect tense –
Active voice – subject + will/shall+ have +V³+object
Passive voice- Object +will/subject +have +been +V³+by +subject
Active voice-  The shopkeeper will have given some discount.
Passive voice – Some discount will have given by the shopkeeper.
Active voice-  Millions of people will have lost their jobs due to corona .u
Passive voice – Jobs will have been lost by millions of people due to corona.

Imperative sentence

Sentences that express orders, requests, commands, suggestions, etc, are known as imperative sentences. The passive form of imperative sentences starts with With or without an object.

Passive form (With object) – Let + object +be + past participle.

Passive form (Without object) – In case Sentences begins with ‘You are ordered/requested/ advised?……. etc. For example-

active – Take medicine on time.

Passive – You are advised to take medicine on time.

Active voice – Let me play here.
Passive voice- I may be allowed to play here.

Interrogative sentence – 

Sentences that ask questions are known as interrogative. In voice, Interrogative sentences can be two types – with wh family word or without wh family word. If “who” is present in an active voice, it should change to “By whom ” in passive form. In the case of without Wh word in active voice, the helping verb will come before an object as the sentence is interrogative. For example,

Active  – Who likes her?
Passive – By whom is she liked?

Active  -Are you taking the exam?
Passive – Is the exam being taken by you?

Active and passive voice examples with answers

Q. Millions of people will have lost their jobs due to corona.
–  Jobs will have been lost by millions of people due to corona.
Q. He made a plan.
–  A plan was made by him.
Q. The Indian Army will have pushed back the Chinese Army by then.
– The Chinese Army will have been pushed back by the Indian Army by then.
Q. Why are you making noise?
– Why is noise being made by you?
Q. Did he understand the lesson?
-. Was the lesson understood by him?
Q. Shut the door.
– Let the door be shut.

Q.The man stole my purse.
– My purse was stolen by the man.
Q.We are demanding our rights.
-Our rights are being demanded by us.

Active and passive exercises

Direction- Change the voice
1. Please complete the work today.
2. I received a summons yesterday.
3. They will laugh at you.
4. Ram is to help his brother.
5. They are searching for the lost book.
6. He bought me a bike.
7. Are you reading the book?
8. Our task had been completed before sunset
9. Has anybody answered your question?
10. Gandhiji started the Quit movement in 1942.
11. Let us go now.
12. Obey your parents.
13. I am watching a movie.
14. What are you teaching?
15. You have cleaned all the clothes.
16. My brother has bought this car.
17. Somebody has stolen by books.
18. Today I accomplished my task successfully
19. The driver had predicted such an accident.
20. Rajesh was taking care of the old people.

Active and passive voice in Hindi

अंग्रेजी व्याकरण में, सक्रिय और निष्क्रिय आवाज क्रियाओं के रूपों के मूलभूत अनुप्रयोगों में से एक है। सक्रिय आवाज एक वाक्य है जो किसी विषय या ‘कर्ता’ से शुरू होता है और निष्क्रिय आवाज एक वाक्य है जो वस्तु से शुरू होती है। इससे पहले कि हम सक्रिय आवाज और निष्क्रिय आवाज के बारे में जानें, पहले हम आवाज के बारे में समझते हैं। इस लेख में, हम सक्रिय और निष्क्रिय आवाज और इसकी वाक्य संरचना को उदाहरणों के साथ समझते हैं। यहां हम अभ्यास के लिए 20 आवाज परिवर्तन प्रश्नों की एक सूची प्रदान करते हैं।

सक्रिय आवाज और निष्क्रिय आवाज

वॉयस शब्द का प्रयोग क्रिया के रूप को दर्शाने के लिए किया जाता है जो यह दर्शाता है कि कोई व्याकरणिक विषय क्रिया कर रहा है या प्राप्त कर रहा है। स्वरों को 2 वर्गों में वर्गीकृत किया गया है-

सक्रिय आवाज – सक्रिय आवाज में लिखे गए वाक्यों में, विषय कार्रवाई में भाग लेता है।
पैसिव वॉइस-  पैसिव वॉइस वाक्यों में, विषय कार्रवाई का प्राप्तकर्ता होता है।
अकादमिक लेखन में, आमतौर पर किसी ऐसे विषय के साथ सक्रिय क्रिया का उपयोग करना पसंद किया जाता है जो विशेष रूप से उस व्यक्ति या कार्य को करने वाली चीज़ की पहचान करता है। सक्रिय आवाज में क्रिया अधिक शक्तिशाली और आम तौर पर निष्क्रिय आवाज या क्रिया के संस्करणों में क्रियाओं की तुलना में अधिक शक्तिशाली होती है “हो।”
उदाहरण –
सक्रिय आवाज – मैं अंग्रेजी पढ़ाता हूं
निष्क्रिय आवाज – अंग्रेजी मेरे द्वारा सिखाई जाती है।
यहां, सक्रिय आवाज में, वाक्य विषय (शिक्षक) से शुरू होता है, लेकिन एक निष्क्रिय आवाज में, वाक्य वस्तु से शुरू होता है (लड़का)

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Active and passive voice: FAQs

Q. What is a voice?

A- The term Voice is used to denote the form of a verb that shows whether a grammatical subject is doing the action or receiving it. Voices are categorized into 2 classes- active and passive voice

Q. What is the difference between active and passive voice?

A- The main difference between active and passive voice is that active voice starts with the subject or pronoun, whereas passive voice starts with the object. For example,

Active form-He made a plan.
Passive form –  A plan was made by him.

Q. What is an active voice?

A- Active voice is a class of voice that starts with the subject or pronoun.Active voice Structure –    Subject+verb+object. For example, They are searching for a lost diary . In this sentence, the sentence starts with the subject or pronoun.

Q. What is a passive voice?

A- Passive voice is a class of voice that starts with the object.Passive voice Structure–    Object -verb-subject .For example- The work will be done by them. In this sentence, the sentence starts with the object.

 

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