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Verb Forms- Three (3) Forms of Verb, V1, V2, V3

Verb Forms

As we can’t imagine living without water, we can’t imagine a sentence without a verb. In English grammar, Verb plays an important key role in sentence formation. A verb is a part of speech that is used to tell an action done by any individual. While the formation of sentences of different tenses, we will use different forms of verbs. In this article, we will understand different types of forms with their examples and provide a list of different forms of verbs.

Three (3) Forms of Verb

The verb form is a way to express context that describes the specific time of the action performed by the individual. As we know Verb is the fundamental unit of sentence formation.  While the formation of sentences of different times, we need different forms of verbs. There are a total of five forms of verbs. These are -the root verb or basic form of the verb, third person singular present form of the verb, present participle or ‘ing’ form, and simple past and past participle.

Verb Forms: Root verbs

Root verbs are the basic or original form verbs without any modification or changes. Different forms are formed from the root verbs.  In some cases, root verbs are used as simple present forms of verbs. Let’s go through some examples for better understanding.

Examples of Root verbs

•I teach English  ( Root Verb- Teach)
•I am a student ( Root Verb – Be verb -am  )

In the above examples, teach, and am (be- verb) are the original or root verbs.

Verb Forms v1 v2 v3: Third person singular present form of the verb

The third-person singular present form is formed by the addition of a ‘ s/es‘ at the end of the basic form of verbs. The third person singular present form of the verb is used to express simple present tense.

Examples of Third-person singular present form

•She loves to play badminton
•Ram teaches Mathematics for competitive examinations.

In the above examples loves, and teaches are the third person singular present form.

Verb Forms: Present Participle Form

A present participle is that form of a  verb that ends in ‘ -ing ‘.  [Present form  +ing]
Example-Reading, Dancing, etc. A participle is a double part of speech because a verb and an adjective are combined.

Examples of present participle form

•I am sleeping.

• They are playing cricket.

Root form of Verb  present participle form 
 Cry Crying
Dance Dancing
Read Reading
Laugh Laughing
Start Starting
Watch Watching

Verb Forms: Past Form

The past form of the verb is used to represent the action that took place in the past by the ‘doer’.The past form of the verb is formed by the addition of ‘d/ed’ at the end of the basic form of the verb or sometimes formed by changing the spelling of the root form.

Examples of past form

•My brother lived in Delhi.

•I was ill last week.

 

Root form of Verb   Past Form 
Agree Agreed
Buy Bought
Start Started
Play Played
see saw
Watch Watched
Eat Ate

Verb Forms: Past Participle Form

The past participle form of the verb is used to represent perfect tense. The formation of past participle form is different in regular verbs and irregular verbs. Let’s go through the examples of past participle forms of both regular and irregular verbs for better understanding.

Examples of past participle form

Regular verbs – The spellings of verbs are the same in both Past form and Past participle form

Root form of Verb 

Past form 

past participle form

Think Thought Thought
Cut Cut Cut
Put Put Put
Draw Drew Drew
Sell Sold Sold

Irregular verbs – The spellings of verbs are different in both Past form and Past participle form.

Root form of Verb 

Past form 

past participle form

Sink sank Sunk
Speake Spoke Spoken
Ring Rang Rung
Come Came Come

Verb Forms V1, V2, V3 List: Pdf

Here we provide a list of present, past, and past participle forms of some important verbs, which helps students to memorize these verb forms very easily.

1) Present form of the verb  ( V¹ )
2) past form of the verb (V²)
3) Past participle form of the verb (V³)

Let’s understand with some examples of verb forms.

 The basic form of the verb The present form of the verb  ( V¹ ) The past form of the verb (V²) Past participle form of the verb (V³)
 Be Be was, were  been
See See Saw Seen
Fly Fly Flew Flown
Become Become Became Become
 Rise  Rise Rose  Risen
Dig Dig Dug Dug
Eat Eat  Ate Eaten
Go Go Went Gone
Swim Swim Swam Swum
Feel Feel Felt Felt
Drive Drive Drove Driven

 

Click here to download the List of Verb forms

 

Verb Forms: Exercise

Fill in the blanks with appropriate forms of verbs 

1.________________ , our freedom is in danger. [Arise / Rise / Raise ]

2.  During rainy season this stream was________________ [overflowed / overflow /overflown ]

3. When he _____________ to reality , all had been  lost [ woke /awake /awoke ]

4. India is___ in the North by the mountains.[ bound / bounded /binding ]

5. These lawns _______with velvet grass [ are laid / are lain / were lain ]

6. Nobody could have _______ future correctly [ forecast / forecast / forecasted ]

7. Noone is allowed to ___________ the trees in the forest. {fall /fell / befell ]

8. I think she _________ the clock this week [ wounded / wind / wound ]

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Verb forms: FAQs

Q. What is the form of a verb?

The verb form is a way to express context that describes the specific time of the action performed by the individual. As we know that Verb is the fundamental unit of sentence formation.

Q.How many types of verb forms are there?

There are a total of five forms of verbs. These are -the root verb or basic form of the verb, third person singular present form of the verb, present participle or ‘ing’ form, and simple past and past participle.

Q. Write down two sentences using the Present participle verb form.

Two sentences using the Present participle verb form are 1.  Sima is writing a letter. 2. getting the book, I gave him to him.

Q. what are the 3 forms of verbs?

The main 3 forms of verbs are -the base form, the past form, and the past participle form.

Q. What are verb forms with examples? 

In English grammar, there is a total of 5 forms of verbs present.  Root form – Write, third person singular number form – writes , past form – wrote, present participle form – writing  and past participle form – written

 

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