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Transitive and Intransitive verb: Definition, Examples, Exercise

Transitive and Intransitive verb Definition

Do you find any difficulty in understanding the transitive and intransitive verbs?? Well, it is not as difficult as you think 

In this article, we will learn the difference between transitive and intransitive verbs. Verbs in English can be divided into two groups:

Transitive verbs and Intransitive verbs. Let’s learn,

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What is a transitive verb?

A transitive verb is a kind of verb that requires an object to make complete sense, in general language, we can say that without a transitive verb, the sentence is incomplete without any sense. 

 

Dictionary definition of a Transitive verb

According to the Cambridge Dictionary, a transitive verb is a verb “having or needing an object”. The Collins Dictionary defines a transitive verb as “a verb accompanied by a direct object and from which a passive can be formed, as ‘deny’, ‘rectify’, ‘elect’”. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary gives a similar definition. According to them, a transitive verb is “characterized by having or containing a direct object”.

Examples of transitive verbs:-

Correct- Can you bring your notebook to our study group meeting?

Incorrect- Can you bring to our study group meeting?

The verb “bring” requires an object (“your notebook”). It is necessary to state what the speaker is asking to bring.

The instructor addressed the assembly.

The verb “addressed” requires an object (“the assembly”). It is necessary to state what the speaker addressed.

Formation will be-

subject + verb + object

What is an intransitive verb?

Well, as you have learned what a transitive verb is, then you can guess right what an intransitive verb is. Yes, you are absolutely correct that an intransitive verb is a verb which doesn’t require any object to complete the sentence or in general, we can say that the sentence can be complete without an object also. However, there are some exceptional verbs which can act as both a transitive verb and an intransitive verb (walk, drive, read, and understand).

Dictionary definition of an Intransitive verb

The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines an intransitive verb as a verb that is “characterized by not having or containing a direct object”. According to the Cambridge Dictionary, an intransitive verb is a verb “having or needing no object”. “A verb that indicates a complete action without being accompanied by a direct object, as sit or lie, and, in English, that does not form a passive” is defined as an intransitive verb, according to the Collins Dictionary.

Examples of intransitive verbs:-

Correct- Students laughed at the beggar.

Correct- Students laughed.

Both the sentences are correct if the object would not be used with the verb ‘laugh‘ then also it would be the correct sentence.
Basically, In an intransitive verb if the object is not in the sentence then also it would not create any effect.

Formation will be

Subject + verb + complement(if any)

complement can be an adjective, adverb or object.

Transitive and Intransitive verb: Examples

To find out the answer to this question just answer the question “subject did what”?

Like in the first example

  1. Can you bring what?
    Your notebook.
  2. The instructor addressed to whom?
    The assembly.

Difference between transitive and intransitive verbs

Let us look at the following table and learn the difference between a transitive verb and an intransitive verb.

Transitive Verbs Intransitive Verbs
Mandatory to keep an object to make complete sense of the verb or action that the subject is doing. It’s not mandatory to keep an object to complete the sentence or make sense of the action that is done by the subject.
Formation of the sentence generally be

Subject+verb+object

Formation of the sentence generally be

Subject+verb+complement(if any)

A sentence that uses a transitive verb can be changed into a passive voice. A sentence that makes use of an intransitive verb cannot be altered to form the passive voice.
Transitive verbs are followed by an indirect object or a direct object. Intransitive verbs are followed by either an adjunct or a complement.

Transitive and Intransitive verb: Exercise

Have a look at the following sentences and find out if the verbs are transitive verbs or intransitive verbs.

1. Joan bought a new car.

2. Audience laughed so hard.

3. The participants passed the pillow around.

4. My friend studied in Korea.

5. Can you pass me some tissues?

6. Rahul came home in the late evening.

7. Cat found her kittens under the table.

8. Angel met his best friend behind the house.

9. The truck stopped suddenly, in the middle of the road.

10. I loved my new bike.

Let’s check how much you score

  1. Joan bought a new car. – Transitive verb

2. Audience laughed so hard. – Intransitive verb

3. The participants passed the pillow around.- Transitive verb

4. My friend studied in Korea. – Intransitive verb

5. Can you pass me some tissues?- Transitive verb

6. Rahul came home in the late evening.- Intransitive verb

7. Cat found her kittens under the table. – Transitive Verb

8. Angel met his best friend behind the house.– Transitive Verb

9. The truck stopped suddenly, in the middle of the road.– Intransitive Verb

10. I loved my new bike.– Transitive Verb

Transitive and Intransitive verb in Hindi

सकर्मक और अकर्मक क्रिया परिभाषा

क्या आपको सकर्मक और अकर्मक क्रियाओं को समझने में कोई कठिनाई होती है ? खैर, यह उतना मुश्किल नहीं है जितना आप सोचते हैं

इस लेख में, हम सकर्मक और अकर्मक क्रियाओं के बीच अंतर सीखेंगे। अंग्रेजी में क्रियाओं को दो समूहों में विभाजित किया जा सकता है:

Transitive and Intransitive verb Kya hai

अकर्मक क्रिया क्या है?

ठीक है, जैसा कि आपने सीखा है कि एक सकर्मक क्रिया क्या है, तो आप सही अनुमान लगा सकते हैं कि अकर्मक क्रिया क्या है। हाँ, आप बिल्कुल सही हैं कि एक अकर्मक क्रिया एक क्रिया है जिसे वाक्य को पूरा करने के लिए किसी वस्तु की आवश्यकता नहीं होती है या सामान्य तौर पर, हम कह सकते हैं कि वाक्य बिना वस्तु के भी पूरा हो सकता है। हालाँकि, कुछ असाधारण क्रियाएं हैं जो एक सकर्मक क्रिया और एक अकर्मक क्रिया (चलना, ड्राइव करना, पढ़ना और समझना) दोनों के रूप में कार्य कर सकती हैं।

अकर्मक क्रिया की शब्दकोश परिभाषा

मरियम-वेबस्टर डिक्शनरी एक अकर्मक क्रिया को एक क्रिया के रूप में परिभाषित करता है जो “प्रत्यक्ष वस्तु के न होने या न होने की विशेषता है”। कैम्ब्रिज डिक्शनरी के अनुसार, एक अकर्मक क्रिया एक क्रिया है “कोई वस्तु नहीं है या आवश्यकता नहीं है”। कोलिन्स डिक्शनरी के अनुसार, “एक क्रिया जो एक सीधी वस्तु के बिना एक पूर्ण क्रिया को इंगित करती है, जैसे बैठना या झूठ बोलना, और, अंग्रेजी में, जो एक निष्क्रिय नहीं बनाता है” को एक अकर्मक क्रिया के रूप में परिभाषित किया गया है।

अकर्मक क्रिया के उदाहरण :-

सही- छात्र भिखारी पर हँसे।

सही – छात्र हँसे।

दोनों वाक्य सही हैं यदि वस्तु का प्रयोग ‘हँस’ क्रिया के साथ नहीं किया जाएगा तो भी यह सही वाक्य होगा।
मूल रूप से, एक अकर्मक क्रिया में यदि वस्तु वाक्य में नहीं है तो भी यह कोई प्रभाव नहीं पैदा करेगी।

गठन होगा

विषय + क्रिया + पूरक (यदि कोई हो)

पूरक एक विशेषण, क्रिया विशेषण या वस्तु हो सकता है।

सकर्मक और अकर्मक क्रिया: उदाहरण

इस प्रश्न का उत्तर जानने के लिए “विषय ने क्या किया” प्रश्न का उत्तर दें?

जैसे पहले उदाहरण में

क्या ला सकते हो?
आप की पुस्तक।
प्रशिक्षक ने किसे संबोधित किया?
सभा।

Related Post:

Transitive and Intransitive verb: FAQs

Q.1 What is a transitive verb?

Ans. A transitive verb is a kind of verb that requires an object to make complete sense, in general language, we can say that without a transitive verb, the sentence is incomplete without any sense. 

Q.2 Give some examples of transitive verbs.

Ans. Some examples of transitive verbs are “address,” “borrow,” “bring,” “discuss,” “raise,” “offer,” “pay,” “write,” “promise,” and “have.”

Q. 3 What is an intransitive verb?

Ans. An intransitive verb is a verb which doesn’t require any object to complete the sentence or in general, we can say that the sentence can be complete without an object also.

Q.4 Give some examples of intransitive verbs.

Ans. Some examples of transitive verbs are “run,” “rain,” “die,” “sneeze,” “sit,” and “smile,”

Q. 5 What is the difference between transitive and intransitive verbs?

Ans. The main difference between a transitive verb and an intransitive verb is that transitive verbs always need an object to make complete sense, whereas intransitive verbs do not need any object to prepare a complete sentence.

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