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Simple Present/Indefinite Tense- Examples, Exercises, Rules, Sentences, Formula

Simple Present Tense (Indefinite Tense)

The simple present (also called present simple or present indefinite) is a verb form used to indicate repetition, habit, or generalization. Less commonly, you can use the simple present tense to discuss a planned action in the near future. Also, in some cases, you can talk about actions that are currently taking place.

Read on for detailed explanations, examples, and simple present tense exercises.

Simple Present Tense (Indefinite Tense)- Definition

The definition of Simple Present Tense is given below: According to the Cambridge Dictionary, the simple present tense of verbs in a sentence is defined as “a tense used to refer to events, actions, and states that are occurring at all times or are presently present.” The Cambridge Dictionary provides a more detailed definition of the simple present tense. According to them, “The present tense of a verb is what is used to talk about something that happens regularly or a situation that exists at the time. The present tense uses the base or ‘s’ form of the verb”. For example, “I play her tennis twice a week” or “She works at a bank”.

Simple Present Tense (Indefinite Tense): Formula

The general formula of the Simple Present Tense(Indefinite) is given below

Subject + base form of the verb/verb+s/es(if needed) + rest of the sentence.

If the subject is third person singular then ‘s’ or ‘es’ will be added in the base form of the verb.

The formation of the simple present tense can be analyzed with reference to positive, negative, interrogative, and negative interrogative types of sentences. Have a look at the table given below for a better understanding.

Positive Negative Interrogative Negative Interrogative
Subject + base form of the verb / verb + s/es + the rest of the sentence Subject + do/does + not + base form of the verb + the rest of the sentence

(or)

Subject + don’t/doesn’t + base form of the verb + the rest of the sentence

Do/does + subject + base form of the verb + the rest of the sentence? Do/does + subject + not + base form of the verb + the rest of the sentence?

(or)

Don’t/doesn’t+ subject + base form of the verb + the rest of the sentence?

Examples

  • He takes oats for breakfast.
  • I go daily for a morning walk.
  • We eat fruits in the evening.
  • She sings songs.
Examples

  • He does not take oats for breakfast.
  • He doesn’t take oats for breakfast.
  • I do not go daily for a morning walk.
  • I don’t go daily for a morning walk.
  • We do not eat fruits in the evening.
  • We don’t eat fruits in the evening.
  • She does not sing songs.
  • She doesn’t sing songs.

 

 

Examples

  • Does he take oats for breakfast?
  • Do I go daily for a morning walk?
  • Do we eat fruits in the evening?
  • Does she sing songs?

 

Examples

  • Does he not take oats for breakfast?
  • Doesn’t he take oats for breakfast?
  • Do I not go daily for a morning walk?
  • Don’t I go daily for a morning walk?
  • Do we not eat fruits in the evening?
  • Don’t we eat fruits in the evening?
  • Does she not sing songs?
  • Doesn’t she sing songs?

Simple Present Tense (Indefinite Tense)– Rules

To use the simple present correctly and effectively, there are some rules and points to remember. This is because a sentence or context doesn’t make sense if the verb doesn’t match the subject of the sentence.

  1. The first thing to understand about the simple present tense is that most of the time the verb appears in its base form.
  2. If the subject is third person singular in the simple present tense (he, she, that), add s, es, or ies to the base form of the verb.
  • To regular verbs just add an s – Ex: travel -travels, give – gives, play -plays
  • To verbs that end in s, ss, sh, ch, x, and o, add es – Ex: wash – washes, mix -mixes, go -goes
  • To verbs end in y after a consonant (any letter that isn’t a vowel), change the y to i and add es. Ex: study -studies, fly – flies

Simple Present Tense (Indefinite Tense)- Uses

Some uses are given below for Simple Present Tense:

  1. Use the simple present tense when talking about actions or situations in “general time.”
  2. It doesn’t matter that the action happens when you speak.
  3. The situation is a general truth or perhaps permanent.
  4. Describe a series of actions that occur in succession (habitual).
  5. You can use the simple present tense to indicate scheduled events.

Simple Present Tense (Indefinite Tense)- Examples

Here, we will discuss some examples of Simple Present Tense

  1. She goes for a walk early in the morning.
  2. Mala goes to the cafe every week.
  3. The teacher teaches the coaching.
  4. Do you want to come with us?
  5. He doesn’t go to school regularly.
  6. Maria never wears nice clothes.
  7. Don’t you speak well English?
  8. My mom doesn’t go to the market every day.
  9. The train arrives on time.
  10. Crickets don’t store nuts for the winter.
  11. Rivers flow towards the ocean.
  12. James never brushes her teeth regularly.
  13. He loves to play cricket every Sunday.
  14. Ashu and I go to the mall every Sunday.
  15. My Father doesn’t work in America.
  16. Do other people also come to you?
  17. My aunty cooks delicious food.
  18. She usually eats diet food.
  19. We never go to the hill station.
  20. Does she go to school by bus?

Simple Present Indefinite Tense- Exercise

Q.1 Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the verb as given in the brackets.

  1. He ______ to the office every day. (go)
  2. When ____ you go to school? (does)
  3. She _______ she is so intelligent. (think)
  4. Does he _____ in India? (lives)
  5. I ______ a letter to my father every month. (wrote)
  6. He _____ to college regularly. (go-negative)
  7. I_______ left after seeing the crowd. (take)
  8. Please _______ off the phones while meeting. (switch)
  9. Dogs …………………….at family members. (not bark)
  10. Tom told me that he will meet me before I _____  for Bangalore. (leave)

Answers

  1. He goes to the office every day. (go)
  2. When do you go to school? (does)
  3. She thinks she is so intelligent. (think)
  4. Does he live in India? (lives)
  5. write a letter to my father every month. (wrote)
  6. He doesn’t go to college regularly. (go-negative)
  7.  I take left after seeing the crowd. (take)
  8.  Please switch off the phones while meeting. (switch)
  9.  Dogs don’t bark at family members. (not bark)
  10.  Tom told me that he will meet me before I leave for Bangalore. (leave)

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Simple Present Tense (Indefinite Tense)-FAQs

Q.1 What is Simple present Tense with examples?

Ans. The simple present (also called present simple or present indefinite) is a verb form used to indicate repetition, habit, or generalization. Less commonly, you can use the simple present tense to discuss a planned action in the near future. Also, in some cases, you can talk about actions that are currently taking place. Examples – She takes bath daily., We go for a walk in the morning.

Q. 2 Why do we use Simple Present Tense?

Ans. We use Simple Present Tense when the situation is a general truth or perhaps permanent and to describe a series of actions that occur in succession (habitual).

Q.3 Which form of the verb is used in Simple Present Tense?

Ans. In Simple Present Tense, the base form of the verb will be used.

Q.4 What is the other name for Simple Present Tense?

Ans. The other name for Simple Present Tense is Indefinite tense.

Q.5 What are 5 examples of the simple present tense?

Ans.  He goes to work every morning.

She understands other languages.

It mixes the salt and the water.

He sings the melodious song.

She enjoys playing the guitar.

 

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