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Present Continuous Tense: Examples, Exercises, Formula, Rules

The Present Continuous Tense (Progressive Tense)

The present continuous tense, as the name suggests, is a form of tense used to express actions that are ongoing or taking place at this moment. It is also known as the present progressive tense because it represents an action going on in the present tense. Now let’s look at the definitions provided in various dictionaries for the present tense.

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Present Continuous Tense – Definition

The Cambridge Dictionary defines “present tense” as “a verb tense used for an action or event that is ongoing or developing”. The present tense is followed by the present participle and is specifically used to indicate that a present action or event is ongoing, recurring, temporary, or expresses the future. “A tense used to talk about an action or action that is in progress or planned in the future”.

Present Continuous Tense – Formula

Subject + am/is/are + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence

However, there are other things to be aware of. You should also learn how sentences are constructed using the present tense of verbs when the verbs are positive, negative, interrogative, and negative interrogative.
Look at the table below to get a better understanding of the structure of the present tense.

Positive Negative Interrogative Negative Interrogative
Subject + am/is/are + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence Subject + am/is/are +not+present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence Am/is/are + subject + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence? Am/is/are + subject + not+ present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence?

(or)

Ain’t + subject + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence?

Examples

  • She is doing her work.
  • We are going out for dinner.
  • I am taking the examination.
  • They are enjoying the weather.
Examples

  • She is not doing her work.
  • We are not going out for dinner.
  • I am not taking the examination.
  • They are not enjoying the weather.
Examples

  • Is she doing her work?
  • Are we going out for dinner?
  • Am I taking the examination?
  • Are they enjoying the weather?
Examples

  • Is she not doing her work?
  • Ain’t she doing her work?
  • Are we not going out for dinner?
  • Ain’t we going out for dinner?
  • Am I not taking the examination?
  • Ain’t I taking the examination?
  • Are they not enjoying the weather?
  • Ain’t they enjoying the weather?

Note:- Ain’t is a contraction used for is not, are not, am not, has not, have not

Present Continuous Tense – Uses

Present Continuous Tense also called present progressive tense, is used to describe actions that are currently ongoing or that may occur in the future.

The present tense is usually used in four general cases:

  1. To describe an event that is currently occurring.

For examples:

  • I am watching television.
  • She is currently completing her work.
  • Children are playing in the park.

2. List upcoming events.

For examples:

  • What are you going to wear tomorrow?
  • I heard that you are coming to the evening party.
  • So, you are moving to the Paris next month.

3. For lengthy actions that may be taking place for a temporary period only.

For examples:

  • He is learning to drive a car.
  • Salima is taking a spoken English course.
  •  The teacher is learning a new language at the moment.

4. To discuss a new pattern or habit.

For examples:

  • These days almost people are using mobile phones.
  • She is always running late with deadlines.
  • Nowadays people are using email rather than letters.

Present Continuous Tense – Rules

Rules to be used while writing in the present continuous tense.

  1. Use the helping verb appropriately. With third person singular ‘is’ will be used, with a plural noun or pronoun ‘are’ will be used and with only ‘I’, ‘am’ will be used.
  2. Add ‘-ing’ in the main action verb.
  3. Note that like other pronouns in interrogative sentences, the pronoun ‘am’ cannot be used in the negative form. “aren`t” is used instead of “amn`t”.

For examples:

Amn’t I reading the book? (wrong)

Ain’t/ aren’t I reading the book? (correct)

 

Present Continuous Tense – Examples Sentences

Here are some examples of Present Continuous Tense for the better understanding

  • Children are going to school. (Positive)
  • Children are not going to school. (Negative)
  • Are children going to school? (Interrogative)
  • Ain’t children going to school? (Negative interrogative)

 

  • The boys are playing in the park. (Positive)
  • The boys are not playing in the park. (Negative)
  • Are the boys playing in the park? (Interrogative)
  • Ain’t the boys playing in the park? (Negative interrogative)

 

  • The baby is crying out loud. (Positive)
  • The baby is not crying out loud. (Negative)
  • Is the baby crying out loud? (Interrogative)
  • Ain’t the baby crying out loud? (Negative interrogative)

 

  • It is raining now. (Positive)
  • It isn’t raining now. (Negative)
  • Is it raining now? (Interrogative)
  • Isn’t it raining now? (Negative interrogative)

 

  • I am cooking pasta for lunch. (Positive)
  • I ain’t cooking pasta for lunch. (Negative)
  • Am I cooking pasta for lunch? (Interrogative)
  • Ain’t I cooking pasta for lunch? (Negative interrogative)

 

  • Miss Peters is teaching in the class. (Positive)
  • Miss Peters isn’t teaching in the class. (Negative)
  • Is Miss Peters teaching in the class? (Interrogative)
  • Isn’t Miss Peters teaching in the class? (Negative interrogative)

Present Continuous Tense – Exercises

After looking at all the examples given, you should have a really good idea of ​​the present continuous tense. Here is the exercise given below for a better understanding of the concepts:

Q. Fill in the blanks using the correct form of the verb given in the bracket:

  1. Janet …………………….. a special dish for her family. (cook)

2. I …………………………… them to complete the work on time. (expect)

3. The students ………………………… a poem on the stage. (recite)

4. The old man ……………………………. on his bed. (sleep)

5. The children ……………………………… sand castles on the beach. (make)

6. The birds ………………………………. on the trees.(sing)

7. The children ……………………………… mangoes. (pick)

8. I …………………………….. a portrait of a lady. (draw)

9. She ……………………….. French. (learn)

10. The kids …………………………. fruits. (eat)

Check your answers

  1. Janet is cooking a special dish for her family. (cook)

2. I am expecting them to complete the work on time. (expect)

3. The students are reciting a poem on the stage. (recite)

4. The old man is sleeping on his bed. (sleep)

5. The children are making sand castles on the beach. (make)

6. The birds are singing on the trees. (sing)

7. The children are picking mangoes. (pick)

8. I am drawing a portrait of a lady. (draw)

9. She is learning French. (learn)

10. The kids are eating fruits. (eat)

Present Continuous/ Progressive Tense in Hindi

वर्तमान निरंतर काल, जैसा कि नाम से पता चलता है, इस समय चल रही या हो रही क्रियाओं को व्यक्त करने के लिए उपयोग किए जाने वाले काल का एक रूप है। इसे वर्तमान प्रगतिशील काल के रूप में भी जाना जाता है क्योंकि यह वर्तमान काल में चल रही एक क्रिया का प्रतिनिधित्व करता है। अब आइए वर्तमान काल के लिए विभिन्न शब्दकोशों में दी गई परिभाषाओं को देखें।

वर्तमान सतत काल – परिभाषा

कैम्ब्रिज डिक्शनरी “वर्तमान काल” को “एक क्रिया या घटना के लिए इस्तेमाल किया जाने वाला क्रिया काल” के रूप में परिभाषित करता है जो चल रहा है या विकसित हो रहा है। वर्तमान काल के बाद वर्तमान कृदंत होता है और विशेष रूप से यह इंगित करने के लिए उपयोग किया जाता है कि एक वर्तमान क्रिया या घटना चल रही है, आवर्ती, अस्थायी, या भविष्य को व्यक्त करती है। “किसी क्रिया या क्रिया के बारे में बात करने के लिए इस्तेमाल किया जाने वाला काल जो प्रगति पर है या भविष्य में नियोजित है”।

Present Continuous/ Progressive Tense – FAQs

Q.1 What is the present continuous tense with examples?

Ans. The present continuous tense, as the name suggests, is a form of tense used to express actions that are ongoing or taking place at this moment. It is also known as the present progressive tense because it represents an action going on in the present tense.
Examples:  She is cooking dinner.

Q.2 What are the four types of present continuous tense?

Ans. The four types of Present continuous Tense are as follows
Positive, Negative, Interrogative, and Negative interrogative

Q.3 When present continuous is used?

Ans. Present Continuous Tense also called present progressive tense, is used to describe actions that are currently ongoing or that may occur in the future.

Q.4 What is the structure of the present continuous tense?

Ans. The structure of the present continuous tense is

Subject + am/is/are + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence

Q.5 What are 5 examples of present continuous tense?

Ans. 5 examples of Present Continuous Tense are given below:
Boys are playing in the park.
Children are making noise in the class.
My mother is cooking dinner.
Miss Peters isn’t teaching in the class.
Ain’t I cooking pasta for lunch?

I hope you have understood the topic clearly. Stay updated!

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