Relative pronouns are words used to connect independent and dependent clauses. A relative pronoun is intended to provide more information about the subject (noun or pronoun) to which it refers. These relative pronouns are also called adjective clauses because they function like adjectives.
Relative Pronoun Definition
According to the Collins Dictionary, “A relative pronoun is a word such as ‘who’, ‘that’ or ‘which’ that is used to introduce a relative pronoun.” The Macmillan Dictionary gives a similar definition of relative pronouns: According to them, “It is pronouns such as ‘who’, ‘that’ and ‘the’ that introduce relative clauses in sentences.”
Relative Pronoun Examples with Answers
Relative pronouns are used to form complex sentences and act as conjunction.
Where – Refers to a place
Example- I know the place where you live.
Who – Refers to a person (the noun/pronoun/subject which does the action)
Example- Police know who stole the necklace.
Whom – Refers to the object (the noun or pronoun that receives the action)
Example- The child whom they found was sent to an orphanage.
Whose – Used to show possession of something or someone
Example- This is my friend whose dress I am wearing.
When – Refers to a time
Example- I don’t know when he will give me my money back.
That – Used in a defining clause that refers to a person, animal, or thing
Example- The vase that was on my desk was ancient.
Which – Used in a non-defining clause that refers to a person, animal, or thing
Example- The cars, which are kept outside are ready for shipment.
Relative Pronoun: Uses
Relative pronouns are placed immediately after the noun or pronoun they modify (underlined in the example below). The subject of a sentence is indicated by a relative clause (in italics). Because these phrases describe nouns or pronouns, they are also called adjective phrases because they function like adjectives in a sentence.
Each clause is introduced by a relative pronoun (in italics). Relative pronouns connect the description to the rest of the sentence in an orderly way. See how this works through a few examples.
- The man who dressed like the doctor is the visitor.
- The children, whom we are teaching, are intelligent.
- She is my teacher whose teaching technique is different.
- The book, which you gave me, has amazing information.
- This is the book that everyone is talking about.
Relative Pronoun: Which vs. That
When describing objects and non-living things ‘that’ is used to introduce defining relative clauses (important information and does not require additional punctuation), while which is used to insert non-defining clauses (non-important information separated by commas).
- The hampster, which was in the cage, was running on the wheel.
- The phone, which was ringing, was in my bedroom.
- The cat that is very old needs to see the vet today.
- The cells that we had tested came back as benign.
Relative Pronoun – Table
Let’s have a quick review
|who||people and sometimes pet animals||defining and non-defining|
|which||animals and things||defining and non-defining; clause referring to a whole sentence|
|That||people, animals, and things; informal||defining only|
for people and animals usually; sometimes for things in formal situations
defining and non-defining
|defining and non-defining|
|whom||people in formal styles or in writing; often with a preposition; rarely in conversation; used instead of who if who is the object||defining and non-defining|
Relative Pronoun: Examples
- The woman who took my interview is waiting inside.
- I am sure about the person who ate the cake.
- I am not very sure about the tune that is getting played.
- Mrs. Adwani, who spoke on the stage, was very beautiful.
- I rode my bike very badly, which now has a punctured tire.
- These are the cookies that Mary made.
- The teacher only selects the students whom she believed are the most talented for the role.
- The person, who will win the game, will be awarded the prize.
- Whoever has drunk the milk will bring milk for other use. (in this sentence, ‘whoever’ is used as the subject of the verb ‘drank’)
- All the fruits which were in the fruit bowl need to be kept in the freeze.
- I will give you the first whichever packet I will get.
- The book that I bought is recently published.
- The person who taught me last night was my class teacher.
- My uncle, whose child has brought first I class, is a doctor.
Relative Pronoun: Exercises
Select the correct relative pronouns from the following sentences given below and match them with the given answer:
- The teacher who told me about the exams has left the job.
- The person who gifted me this was my mom.
- The car which I bought is not new.
- The book that I gave you was my favorite.
- The person to whom I gift a precious thing is my fiance.
- The people who caught the thieves were the police.
- The person that I called yesterday was the stranger.
- The house which I sold was very old.
- The home that I purchased has a large area.
- The student whose pen is lost should hands up.
- Children whose parents are wealthy spent more money.
- The police are searching for the van whose driver was kidnapped.
- Mrs. Banshi, who is very cruel, is my class teacher.
- The car, which was used as a taxi for a long time, is exploded.
- The car, which was sold by Mr. Pratap, suddenly caught fire.
- My brother, whose phone is lost, is an engineering student.
- My father, who was born in a village, knows to speak English very well.
- Mr. Thompson, who is 60, has just retired from his job.
- This is a person, whose dog was stolen right from the home.
- This is a person, whom I met last year for my increment.
Check your answers:-
1 – who, 2 – who, 3 – which, 4 – that, 5 – whom, 6 – who, 7 – that, 8 – which, 9 – that, 10 – whose, 11 – whose, 12 – whose, 13 – who, 14 – which, 15 – which, 16 – whose, 17 – who, 18 – who, 19 – whose, 20 – whom
Relative Pronoun Meaning in Hindi
सापेक्ष सर्वनाम वे शब्द हैं जिनका उपयोग स्वतंत्र और आश्रित उपवाक्य को जोड़ने के लिए किया जाता है। एक सापेक्ष सर्वनाम का उद्देश्य उस विषय (संज्ञा या सर्वनाम) के बारे में अधिक जानकारी प्रदान करना है जिसका वह संदर्भ देता है। इन सापेक्ष सर्वनामों को विशेषण उपवाक्य भी कहा जाता है क्योंकि वे विशेषण की तरह कार्य करते हैं।
सापेक्ष सर्वनाम परिभाषा
कोलिन्स डिक्शनरी के अनुसार, “एक रिश्तेदार सर्वनाम एक शब्द है जैसे ‘कौन’, ‘वह’ या ‘जो’ जो एक रिश्तेदार सर्वनाम को पेश करने के लिए प्रयोग किया जाता है।” मैकमिलन डिक्शनरी सापेक्ष सर्वनामों की एक समान परिभाषा देता है: उनके अनुसार, “यह ‘कौन’, ‘वह’ और ‘द’ जैसे सर्वनाम हैं जो वाक्यों में सापेक्ष खंडों का परिचय देते हैं।”
उत्तर के साथ सापेक्ष सर्वनाम उदाहरण
सापेक्ष सर्वनाम का उपयोग जटिल वाक्य बनाने और संयोजन के रूप में कार्य करने के लिए किया जाता है।
कहा पे – एक जगह को संदर्भित करता है
उदाहरण- मैं उस जगह को जानता हूँ जहाँ तुम रहते हो।
कौन – किसी व्यक्ति को संदर्भित करता है (संज्ञा / सर्वनाम / विषय जो क्रिया करता है)
उदाहरण- पुलिस जानती है कि हार किसने चुराई।
किसे – वस्तु को संदर्भित करता है (संज्ञा या सर्वनाम जो क्रिया प्राप्त करता है)
उदाहरण- जिस बच्चे को उन्होंने पाया उसे एक अनाथालय में भेज दिया गया।
जिसका – किसी चीज या किसी पर अपना कब्जा दिखाना
उदाहरण- यह मेरा मित्र है जिसकी पोशाक मैंने पहनी है ।
कब – एक समय को संदर्भित करता है
उदाहरण- मुझे नहीं पता कि वह मुझे मेरे पैसे कब लौटाएगा।
वह – एक परिभाषित खंड में प्रयुक्त होता है जो किसी व्यक्ति, जानवर या चीज़ को संदर्भित करता है
उदाहरण- मेरी मेज पर जो फूलदान था वह प्राचीन था।
जो – एक गैर-परिभाषित खंड में प्रयुक्त होता है जो किसी व्यक्ति, जानवर या चीज़ को संदर्भित करता है
उदाहरण- बाहर रखी गई कारें शिपमेंट के लिए तैयार हैं।
- Reflexive Pronoun: Definition, Examples, Exercise
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- Types Of Sentences With Examples, Definition, Exercises, Chart, PDF
- Opposite Words In English And Hindi
- Transitive And Intransitive Verb: Definition, Examples, Exercise
- Possessive Pronoun: Definition, Examples, Exercise Sentences
Relative Pronoun- FAQs
Q.1 What is a relative pronoun and its examples?
Ans. Relative pronouns are words used to connect independent and dependent clauses. A relative pronoun is intended to provide more information about the subject (noun or pronoun) to which it refers. These relative pronouns are also called adjective clauses because they function like adjectives.
Q.2 What are the 5 examples of relative pronouns?
Ans. Some examples of relative pronouns are who, which, why, what, and that.
Q.3 Who and which examples?
Ans. The boy who is playing football is my friend.
The book which you are reading is my favorite.
Q.4 What is a relative pronoun in simple words?
Ans. Pronouns that introduce clauses that modify the antecedent (who, which, that)
Q.5 What is the definition of a relative pronoun?
Ans. According to the Collins Dictionary, “A relative pronoun is a word such as ‘who’, ‘that’ or ‘which’ that is used to introduce a relative pronoun.” The Macmillan Dictionary gives a similar definition of relative pronouns: According to them, “It is pronouns such as ‘who’, ‘that’ and ‘the’ that introduce relative clauses in sentences.”