Idioms and Phrases
Idioms and Phrases:The English language has idioms and phrases, which are frequently employed to add interest to sentences. Idioms are frequently employed in poetry, storytelling, and spoken language. Although their exact roots are not always known, many idioms are said to have developed through time from storytelling and other forms of creative writing. In contrast to idioms, phrases are straightforward and to the point. The phrase means what the words imply; it has no figurative undertones. In Board exams and Many competitive exams like CUET, CLAT, NDA, and other competitive exams involving English language themes, usually include idioms and phrases questions.
Idioms are a group of expressions that have a common, established, and understood metaphorical meaning. Therefore, it is impossible to interpret these sentences literally because doing so would make them absurd. Idioms may also look grammatically out of the ordinary.
Idioms are a helpful language tool. They give the prose life and colour. Instead of writing simple, dull paragraphs, it enables the authors to play with words and make the text exciting to read. Idioms are frequently employed in poetry, storytelling, and spoken language. Although their exact roots are not always known, many idioms are said to have developed through time from storytelling and other forms of creative writing.
Let’s look at some incredibly inventive idioms and their corresponding meanings.
10 Idioms with Meanings and Examples
As you watch American TV shows or films, you must have seen commonly used English idioms. English idioms, proverbs, and phrases are widely used in written and spoken common English. Idioms don’t always make sense literally, therefore students need to understand what they mean and how to utilise them. Even though it might seem like a lot of work, idioms are enjoyable! It is frequently referred to as a speaking style that sounds more native, thus learning some of these terms is really helpful.
So, the top 10 idioms together with their definitions and use examples are listed below:
|In for a penny, in for a pound||That someone is intentionally investing his time or money for a particular project or task.||When Athlead was booming, Jim was in for a penny and in for a pound, that’s how much dedicated he was.|
|A bird in the hand is better than two in the bush||An opportunity in hand, currently, is better than a prospect in the future, because time never repeats itself.||The detective apprehended 3 criminals and saw other one running but didn’t chase him, because she knew a bird in one hand is better than two in the bush.|
|Chip off the old block||That a person is similar in behaviour or actions like his parents.||When grandmother saw her grandson collecting coins like her son used to do, she knew he was a Chip off the old block.|
|Do unto others as you would have them do unto you||Treat people the same way you want to be treated.||I felt Peter was a little cold today towards that homeless man, he should do unto others as he would have them do unto him, because who knows about time.|
|Don’t cry over spilt milk||Don’t cry over what has happened as it can not be fixed.||Walter failed his examination but his dad came and said just one thing, “Son, Don’t cry over spilt milk.”|
|Beside yourself with joy||To be extremely happy.||I can see that you are beside yourself with joy on being selected for the job, congratulations.|
|A black sheep||Being a disgrace for the family.||They don’t talk about Olive anymore, turns out he was the Black sheep for the family, he married someone else while he was still arranged to his fiancé.|
|Down for the count||Tired; giving up.||My pet dog is down for the count after playing the whole day with the frisbee.|
|Break a leg||Saying good luck to someone.||Hey Barry, it’s time for you to get on the stage and present your monologue, break a leg.|
|Go the extra mile||To make an extra effort.||He was willing to go the extra mile for the love of his life, Mia.|
20 Idioms with Meanings
Some idioms with their meanings are given below in the form of a tables
|Beat around the bush||To avoid talking about what’s important|
|Get your act together||Get organized and do things effectively|
|Hit the sack||Go to sleep|
|Your guess is as good as mine||I do not know|
|Good things come to those who wait||To have patience|
|Back against the wall||Stuck in a difficult circumstance with no escape|
|Up in arms||Being grumpy or angry about something|
|Scrape the barrel||Making the most of the worst situations or things because you can’t do anything about it|
|Burn your boats/bridges||Doing something that makes it impossible to go back to the original state.|
|Break fresh/ new ground||Doing something that has never been done before|
|Sell like hot cakes||Quick sellout|
|Run around in circles||Putting efforts into something that is not a worthwhile result|
|On cloud nine||Being very happy|
|Left out in the cold||Being ignored|
|Blow hot and cold||Alternate inconsistently between moods and actions|
|Cut corners||Doing something in an easier and least expensive manner|
|Boil the ocean||Taking up an almost impossible or overly ambitious project|
|Keep an ear to the ground||Staying informed and updated about everything|
|Eat like a horse||Eating too excessively|
|A snowball effect||The aspect of momentum in every event and how they build upon each other|
Idioms and Phrases in English Examples with Meaning
|The ball is in your court||one needs to take some action to keep something going|
|A piece of cake||something easily achieved|
|A picture paints a thousand words||an image of a subject conveys its meaning or essence more effectively than a description does.|
|Tie the knot||to marry a mate|
|Bed of roses||an easy, comfortable situation.|
|To make a long story short||used to end an account of events quickly|
|Sixth sense||a supposed power to know or feel things that are not perceptible by the five senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch.|
|Rome was not built in a day||Important work takes time|
|Turn a blind eye||pretend not to notice.|
|Don’t put all your eggs in one basket||a piece of advice which means that one should not concentrate all efforts and resources in one area.|
|Through thick and thin||under all circumstances, no matter how difficult|
|Rise and shine||Wake up and get out of bed promptly|
|Wet one’s whistle||have a drink|
|Put the best foot forward||Start impressively|
|Stick one’s neck out||To take a risk|
|Bear the palm||Be victorious|
|From the horse’s mouth||From a reliable source|
|Fool’s errand||Useless undertaking|
|Be hand and foot||In all possible ways; by all means|
|Hear it on grapevine||To hear rumours about something or someone|
|Bend over backwards||Do whatever it takes to help, willing to do anything|
|Get your walking papers||Get fired from the job|
|For the time being||Temporarily|
|Lock and key||In safe place|
|Cast a shadow on||Spoil or let down|
|In the face of||Regardless|
|Whole bag of tricks||Make use of all the possibilities or techniques to achieve something.|
|Dog eat dog||Ruthlessly competitive|
|Vote with one’s feet||To show disapproval|
|Wipe the nose of||To Cheat|
|Cork something up||To stop up one’s mouth and be quiet|
|Cook someone’s goose||Spoil other person’s chances of success|
|Sink or swim||Fail or succeed|
|Hit the road running||Start something and proceed at a fast pace with enthusiasm|
|To toe the line||To accept the authority or policies of a particular group, especially unwillingly|
|Spelled Out||explain something explicitly|
|Throw caution to the wind||do something without worrying about the risk or negative results|
|On thin ice||in a precarious or risky situation|
|a wild goose chase||a search that is completely unsuccessful and a waste of time|
|head over heels||falling deeply in love with another person|
|at eleventh hour||last moment or almost late|
|On cloud nine||being extremely happy making the sentence contextually incorrect.|
|A sitting duck||a person or thing with no protection against an attack or other source of danger|
|Spilling the beans||reveal secret information unintentionally or indiscreetly|
|Scot-free||without suffering any punishment or injury|
|An arm and a leg||phrase is used to refer something that is very expensive|
|Bread and butter||in reference to something every day or ordinary|
|Grow into||become as a result of natural development or gradual increase|
|Put Off||to postpone or arrange a later date|
|Iron out||to resolve by discussion|
|Tear up||To destroy or severely damage something|
|Clam up||To refuse to speak|
|Think back||recall a past event or time|
|Wear off||lose effectiveness or intensity|
|Catch up||an act of catching up or matching someone or something in a particular activity|
|Too many cooks spoil the broth||if too many people are involved in a task or activity, it will not be done well.|
|Easy come, easy go||said when something, especially money, is easily got and then soon spent or lost|
|To spin one’s wheels||waste one’s time or efforts|
|To be pushing up daisies||dead and buried|
|To kick the bucket:||to die|
|All good things must come to an end||everything that one is fond off comes to an end, eventually|
|Blood is thicker than water||family relationships and loyalties are the strongest and most important ones|
|All bark and no bite||threatening, aggressive, but not willing to engage in a fight|
|An axe to grind||To have a complaint or dispute that one feels compelled to discuss|
|All in the same boat||in the same situation; having the same problem|
|All Greek to me||expressing that something is not understandable|
|To bend over backwards||to work very hard to accomplish something for someone|
|No man is an island||to require help from other every now and then because of one’s limitations|
|Smell a rat||to sense that someone has caused something wrong|
A phrase is a short collection of words that functions as a whole. These pieces are a component of a longer phrase or clause. In contrast to idioms, phrases are straightforward and to the point. The term means what the words suggest; there are no figurative undertones.
In contrast to a complete sentence, a phrase contains a subject and a verb. They are a part of a complete sentence, hence it does not express a complete sentence. Noun, verb, infinitive, gerund, appositive, participial, prepositional, and absolute phrases are the eight major categories of phrases.
- Anjana loves to hang out.
- Aleena has no kith and kin here.
- Next year my friend will come here.
- John has to decide; the ball is in his court.
- We were walking very slowly.
- The book you gifted me was really interesting.
- Mark will be always with you through thick and thin.
- Rohit is slow and steady.
Other related posts:
|Tense Chart||Types of sentences||Irregular verbs|
|Direct and Indirect||Compound nouns||Central Idea of the passage|
Idioms and Phrases- QNAs
Q. What is an Idiom?
Ans. A phrase whose meaning differs from the meanings of its separate words is referred to as an idiom.
Q. Is Idioms & Phrases important for the board exam?
Ans. Yes, Idioms & Phrases are important for the board exam.
Q. What are the Uses of Idioms?
Ans. A phrase that deviates from its literal meaning by having a figurative interpretation is referred to as an idiom. Idioms can be heard in speech and the media on a daily basis.