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Tense Chart with Rules and Examples, PDF

What is Tense?

Tense- The word “tense” in the English language refers to a characteristic of the verb in a sentence. A verb’s tense can be used to describe the exact moment that an event is occurring.

Definition Of Tense

Definition of Tense- The Merriam-Webster Dictionary gives a somewhat different definition of the term “tense,” which it defines as “any of the forms of a verb that may be used to show the time of the action or situation expressed by the verb.” It states that “a distinction of form in a verb to represent distinctions of time or duration of the action or state it denotes” is what the word “tense” means.

The Collins Dictionary defines “tense” as “any of the forms of a verb which reveal the time at which an action happened,” while the Cambridge Dictionary defines “tense” as “any of the forms of a verb which show the time at which an action happened.”

Tense Chart- Importance

The English language’s tenses are frequently regarded as fundamental and essential concepts. Everything seems silly without tenses. You can describe actions that occur at various periods by using multiple tenses. It helps you make your context and the facts you’re trying to get across clear. You may also create complex sentence constructions using it. Therefore, you should be familiar with all twelve tenses and their usage if you want to be able to communicate information properly and quickly.

Tense Chart with Rules and Examples, PDF_40.1

Different Tenses in English

In English grammar, there are three main tenses and they are each further classified into four different forms which sum up to twelve tenses in total. The three tenses in English are:

Tense Chart with Rules and Examples, PDF_50.1

The four different forms of tense are:

  • Simple Tense
  • Continuous Tense
  • Perfect Tense
  • Perfect Continuous Tense

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Tense Chart PDF

Download Free Tense Chart PDF

Tense Chart with Rules and Examples

Here a chart of tenses is given in the form of a table for a better understanding of tenses.

TENSE CHART
TENSE FORMULA & RULES EXAMPLE
SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE Subject + base form of the verb/verb+s/es(if needed) + rest of the sentence. He takes oats for breakfast.
SIMPLE PAST TENSE Subject + past form of the verb (verb 2) + rest of the sentence. She went for a walk early in the morning.
SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE Subject + helping verb(will) base form of the verb+ rest of the sentence. Jeffry will travel around the country in December.
PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Subject + am/is/are + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence am watching television.
PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE Subject + was/were + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence She was completing her work when her mother came back.
FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE Subject + will +be + base form of the verb + the rest of the sentence Children will be going to school.
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE Subject + have/has + past participle (third form of the verb+ rest of the sentence. have worked as an educator for two years.
PAST PERFECT TENSE Subject + had + past participle (third form of the verb+ rest of the sentence. You had worked as a clerk for five years.
FUTURE PERFECT TENSE Subject + Helping verbs (will + have) + third form of the verb + object. I will have done this work before she comes.
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE Subject + have/has + been + present participle (verb+ing) + since/for (if needed) + the rest of the sentence. You have been telling truth.
PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE Subject + had + been + present participle (verb+ing) + since/for (if needed) + the rest of the sentence. had been living at my uncle’s place.
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE Subject + will have + been + present participle (verb+ing) + since/for (if needed) + object. She will have been waiting here for three hours by seven o’clock.

Tense Chart in Hindi

Tense Chart with Rules and Examples, PDF_60.1

Tense Chart- Video explanation

How to learn English Tenses?

There are only a few things you need to remember in order to increase your tenses knowledge and usage. Look at the following details.

  1. Remain focused. Prepare to relearn and unlearn things.
  2. Understand the various tenses and how to use them.
  3. Every tense is constructed according to specific rules. If you make an effort to identify the patterns and understand them, the entire procedure will become much simpler. The continuous tense, for example, requires a supporting verb and the verb in present participle form (verb+ing’).
  4. Study as many examples as you can. Practice as much as you can to become familiar with how each tense functions in various situations.
  5. Naturally, there are some exceptions. You only need to read them carefully and put them into practise. It will definitely take some time, but with your hard work and persistence, you will be able to perfect it.
  6. One thing in particular should be included to your list of things to do. Watch movies, videos, or even series, read books (anything that interests you and is educational), or both. You will be able to increase your vocabulary and acquire many new sentence patterns that make use of the various tense forms without even being knowing of it.

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Tense Chart with Rules and Examples- FAQs

Q. What is Tense?

Ans. The word “tense” in the English language refers to a characteristic of the verb in a sentence. A verb’s tense can be used to describe the exact moment that an event is occurring.

Q. What is the definition of tense?

Ans. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary gives a somewhat different definition of the term “tense,” which it defines as “any of the forms of a verb that may be used to show the time of the action or situation expressed by the verb.” It states that “a distinction of form in a verb to represent distinctions of time or duration of the action or state it denotes” is what the word “tense” means.

The Collins Dictionary defines “tense” as “any of the forms of a verb which reveal the time at which an action happened,” while the Cambridge Dictionary defines “tense” as “any of the forms of a verb which show the time at which an action happened.”

Q. What are the 4 types of Tenses?

Ans. The four different forms of tense are:

  • Simple Tense
  • Continuous Tense
  • Perfect Tense
  • Perfect Continuous Tense

Q. What are the 12 types of tenses?

  1. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
  2. SIMPLE PAST TENSE
  3. SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
  4. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
  5. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE
  6. FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
  7. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
  8. PAST PERFECT TENSE
  9. FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
  10. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
  11. PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
  12. FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Q. How do you explain tenses?

The tense of a verb in grammar defines when it acts or what state it is in, such as present (something that is happening right now), past (something that happened in the past), or future (something going to happen). These are known as the time frame of the verb. Examine I walk (now), I walked (in the past), and I will walk, for example (future).

Q. What is meant by V1 V2 V3?

In the English language V1 stands for verb 1 or first form of the verb, V2 stands for verb 2 or second form of the verb, V3 stands for verb 3 or third form of the verb.

 

 

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