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Present Tense- Definition, Types, Examples, Rules, Structure, Chart

Present Tense

Present tense refers to an action or event that is or is taking place in the present tense. It represents the subject’s current activity or state in a particular context. The present tense is used to talk about what is happening in the present time.

This article will teach you definitions, structures, usage rules, and examples.

Present Tense – Definition

According to the Oxford Learners’ Dictionary, the present tense is “the action verb form that describes what is happening now or at the time of speaking”. The Cambridge Dictionary defines the present tense as “a verb form used to indicate that something is happening or existing”.

Present Tense – Types

There are four different types of Present tenses in the English language.

Simple present tense – used to indicate current or regularly occurring actions.
Present continuous tense – used to express an action in progress in the present moment.
Present perfect tense – used to indicate an action, used to indicate an action that is finished but affects the subject or object of a sentence.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense – used to describe an action that started in the recent past and is still ongoing.

Present Tense- Structure

The structure of Present Tense is as follows:

Structure of Present Tense
Simple present tense Present continuous tense Present perfect tense Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Subject + base form of the verb/verb+s/es(if needed) + rest of the sentence. Subject + am/is/are + present participle (verb+ing) + the rest of the sentence Subject + have/has + past participle (third form of the verb+ rest of the sentence. Subject + have/has + been + present participle (verb+ing) + since/for (if needed) + the rest of the sentence.

Present Tense- Examples

Examples of Simple Present Tense are given below:

  1. She doesn’t go to school daily.
  2. You read this chapter.
  3. I listen to songs every morning.
  4. The Earth revolves around the sun.
  5. Do cats drink milk?

Examples of Present Continuous Tense are given below:

  1. She is learning the chapter.
  2. The teacher is teaching in the class.
  3. Are birds chirping on trees?
  4. They aren’t going anywhere.
  5. Some people are following her.

Examples of Present Perfect Tense are given below:

  1. She has watched this movie.
  2. I have never gone there.
  3. Has he completed his work?
  4. Have they taken their lunch?
  5. We have learned this lesson.

Examples of Present Perfect Continuous Tense are given below:

  1. We have been living here since 1992.
  2. It has been raining since morning.
  3. Children have been studying for two hours.
  4. Jack has been doing this work for five hours.
  5. Ben has not been playing a video game since 6 p.m.

Present Tense- Exercise

Fill in the blanks using the correct form of the verb given in the bracket according to the tense:

  1. Janet …………………….. a special dish for her family. (cook)
  2. I …………………………… them to complete the work on time. (expect)
  3. The students ………………………… a poem on the stage. (recite)
  4. The old man ……………………………. on his bed. (sleep)
  5. He (work)…………..in the same school since 2011.
  6. (wait) …………for you since four o’clock.
  7. Curie (live) …………. in Brazil since 2000.
  8. He ______ to the office every day. (go)
  9. When ____ you go to school? (does)
  10. She _______ she is so intelligent. (think)
  11. Does he _____ in India? (lives)
  12. The dust __________  everywhere in the kitchen. (blow)
  13. She ___________ anything yet for the party wearing. (not/ choose)
  14. _____ she ______ this task completely? (do)
  15. He _______ most of the time playing video games. (spend)

Check your answers

  1. Janet is cooking a special dish for her family. (cook)
  2. I expect them to complete the work on time. (expect)
  3. The students are reciting a poem on the stage. (recite)
  4. The old man is sleeping on his bed. (sleep)
  5. He has been working in the same school since 2011.
  6. I have been waiting for you since four o’clock.
  7. Curie has been living in Brazil since 2000.
  8. He goes to the office every day. (go)
  9. When do you go to school? (does)
  10. She thinks she is so intelligent. (think)
  11. Does he live in India? (lives)
  12. The dust has blown everywhere in the kitchen. (blow)
  13. She has not chosen anything yet for the party wearing. (not/ choose)
  14. Has she done this task completely? (do)
  15. He has spent most of his time playing video games. (spend)

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Present Tense- FAQs

Q.1 What is Present Tense?

Ans. Present tense refers to an action or event that is or is taking place in the present tense. It represents the subject’s current activity or state in a particular context. The present tense is used to talk about what is happening in the present time.

Q.2 How many present tenses are there in the English language? Name them.

Ans. There are four present tenses in the English language as follows:

  1. Simple Present Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Q.3 Give some examples of Present Tense.

Ans.

  1. You read this chapter.
  2. Ben has not been playing a video game since 6 p.m.
  3. The teacher is teaching in the class.
  4. I have never gone there.

Q.4 Why do we use Present Tense?

Ans. Present Tense is used to tell the actions of the present time.

Q.5 What is the formula for Simple Present Tense?

Ans. Subject + base form of the verb/verb+s/es(if needed) + rest of the sentence.

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