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Irregular Verbs List- Top 200 List PDF in English

Irregular Verbs

Verbs that deviate from the typical patterns for tense and past participle are known as irregular verbs. While irregular verbs each have their own distinct past tense forms and past participles, most regular verbs in English utilize the ending “-ed” for both.

Because they are all a little bit different, irregular verbs are one of the most challenging components of the current English language. English speakers are forced to memorize each one, along with their unique verb forms because there is no method.

Irregular Verbs in English

You may say that irregular verbs “follow their own rules” as verbs. Regular verbs form the past tense and past participle by adding “-ed” or “-d” in accordance with modern English grammatical conventions. However, irregular verbs utilise entirely unique words for their many verb forms when they are the primary verb of a phrase. (A quick reminder: The form used with the present perfect tense is the past participle.)

Let’s “dance” and “sing” to demonstrate what we mean. It’s easy to observe the differences between these two verbs: “dance” is a regular verb, whereas “sing” is an irregular verb.

There’s no huge secret or method to conjugating the verb “dance;” you simply follow the same procedure as with the majority of other verbs. You only need to add “-ed,” or in this example merely “-d,” as the base form already ends in “e,” to produce both the simple past tense and past participle forms.

Base Simple Past Tense Past Participle
dance danced danced

But because “Sing” is irregular, the conventional guidelines don’t apply. Since “singed” is the wrong form of this verb, you cannot use it. Instead, “sing” contains a singular past participle as well as a singular past tense. It is necessary to memorize the unique forms of “sing” in order to know how to conjugate it.

Base Simple Past Tense Past Participle
sing sang sung

In actual practice, you finish with the conjugations:

  • We sang and danced all night. 
  • I have sung opera before, but I have never danced to it. 
  • She prefers music sung by professionals. 

No matter whether the verb is regular or irregular, the simple present tense is conjugated the same way. This includes ending the third-person singular form with a “-s” or “-es.” Be mindful that some exceptions, such as the verb “be,” also have unique present tense forms.

Base Present Tense Simple Past Participle Past Participle
be am, is, are was, were been

Many additional linking verbs, like “become” and “feel,” are irregular, just like “be.” Additionally, irregular verbs can still be used as imperative verbs even if they are transitive or intransitive.

How many Irregular Verbs in english?

In English, there are more than 200 irregular verbs. Some of the most frequently used verbs in the language, such as “to be,” “to have,” and “to say,” are included in this list.

Because some verb conjugations are worded differently in British and American English, the latter actually includes more irregular verbs.

For instance, in American English, “to spell” is a regular verb, and the past tense is “spelled,” whereas in British English, “to spell” is an irregular verb, and the past tense is “spelt.”

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List of Irregular Verbs Pdf

Irregular Verbs List and Examples PDF