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English Grammar for Competitive Exams, Syllabus & Preparation Tips

English Grammar for Competitive Exams, Syllabus & Preparation Tips-01

English grammar is an essential component of competitive exams, as it tests the candidates’ understanding of the language and their ability to communicate effectively. It is helpful for different competitive exams like CTET, TET and other teaching recruitment exams i.e. DSSSB, NVS, KVS. Here we are going to provide an overview of the English grammar syllabus for competitive exams and offer valuable tips to help candidates excel in this subject.

English Grammar Weightage in Teaching Exams

English Grammar Questions in English section for CTET and other teaching exams are available on the Adda247 for you to prepare for the English section. In this table, you will find out the weightage of English Questions for TET and all the other teaching exams.

Exams Total Marks Total Questions
CTET Paper 1 30 Marks 30
CTET Paper 2 30 marks 30
APTET Paper 1 30 Marks 30
APTET Paper 2 30 marks 30
HPTET Paper 1 30 Marks 30
HPTET Paper 2 30 marks 30
UTET Paper 1 30 marks 30
UTET Paper 2 30 marks 30
UGC NET 10 marks 5
DSSSB PRT 100 100
DSSSB TGT 10-15 10-15
DSSSB PGT 20-25 20-25
KVS PRT 10 10
KVS TGT 10 10
KVS PGT 10 10
NVS TGT 15 15
NVS PGT 20 20

Importance of English grammar 

English grammar holds significant importance in competitive exams for the following reasons:

  • Language Proficiency Assessment: English grammar is assessed to evaluate candidates’ proficiency in the English language. It helps measure their understanding of grammar rules, sentence structure, and vocabulary usage.
  • Communication Skills: English is widely used as a global language of communication. Many competitive exams assess candidates’ grammar skills to ensure they possess effective written and verbal communication skills, which are vital in various professional and academic contexts.

Syllabus of English grammar 

Specific syllabi for English grammar in competitive exams can vary depending on the exam you are preparing. Here, the general outline and broad syllabus for competitive exams are stated below:


These are discussed in detail as follows:

  1. Vocabulary: The specific body of words used in a particular language to convey meaning is called vocabulary. This includes topics like 
  • Synonyms and Antonyms: Finding words with similar or opposite meanings
  • One-word Substitution: Replacing a group of words with a single word
  • Idioms and Phrases: Understanding and using commonly used idiomatic expressions.
  • The cloze test is majorly used as an evaluation of the natural language processing (NLP) ability of the candidate.

2. Parts of Speech: There are eight parts of speech. These are Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions, and Interjections.

3. Descriptives: This section includes describing part of English grammar where the candidates’ reading, comprehension and writing skills are checked. it includes Precis Writing, Essay Writing and Letter Writing.

4. Sentence Rearrangement: This includes the rearrangement of sentences from scrambled form to an organised one. it includes

  • Jumbled sentences/ Para jumbles: These are collections of statements that have been rearranged in an unpredictable manner.
  • Paragraph completion: Here, the candidate is provided with incomplete para that needs to be completed from the provided options.

5. Grammar: This includes 

  • Tenses: Present tense, Past tense, Future tense, Present perfect tense, Past perfect tense, Future perfect tense
  • Subject-Verb Agreement: Agreement between subjects and verbs in number (singular/plural)
  • Active and Passive Voice: Formation and usage of active and passive voice
  • Direct and Indirect Speech: Converting direct speech to indirect speech and vice versa
  • Sentence Structure: Subject and predicate, Simple sentences, Compound sentences, Complex sentences
  • Articles: Definite article (the), Indefinite articles (a, an)
  • Sentence Correction: Identifying and correcting grammatical errors in sentences
  • Sentence Completion: Filling in the blanks with appropriate words or phrases

6. Reading Comprehension: Understanding and answering questions based on passages or paragraphs. It’s important to note that this is a general syllabus, and the depth and complexity of these topics can vary from exam to exam. 

Tips to improve your English Grammar skills 

Here are some tips to help you improve your English grammar skills:

  • Understand the Basics: Start by familiarizing yourself with the basic rules of grammar, such as parts of speech, verb tenses, subject-verb agreement, and sentence structure. Having a strong foundation will make it easier to grasp more advanced concepts.
  • Read Widely: Reading books, newspapers, articles, and other written materials in English can expose you to different sentence structures, vocabulary, and grammatical patterns. It helps you develop an intuitive sense of correct grammar usage.
  • Practice Regularly: Consistent practice is crucial for mastering grammar. Online resources and grammar books can provide you with ample practice material.
  • Study Grammar Guides and Grammar Apps: Utilize grammar guides or textbooks and apps that explain grammar rules and provide examples. These resources can offer in-depth explanations of various concepts and help clarify any confusion you may have.
  • Analyze Your Mistakes and Stay updated: candidate needs to attempt regular mocks to ace this section of the exam. When any grammar mistake is made, take the time to analyze and understand why you made them. Identify the specific grammar rule you violated and practice more on that particular aspect to avoid repeating the error.

Remember, learning grammar takes time and effort. Be patient with yourself and keep practising consistently. Over time, with dedication and perseverance, you will see improvement in your English grammar skills.

However, it’s important to note that the difficulty level and the weightage given to the grammar section may vary across different exams. It’s crucial to review the specific exam pattern and syllabus to understand the importance and scoring potential of the English grammar section in your target competitive exam.


What are the major constituents of vocabulary for English grammar?

The vocabulary in English grammar majorly includes Word meanings. Analogies, Homonyms, Homophones, Homographs etc

Why English grammar is a crucial part of different competitive exams?

English grammar is a crucial part of different competitive exams because it checks the Language Proficiency Assessment and Communication Skills of candidates.

What is Reading Comprehension?

Reading comprehension is the capacity to process written text, comprehend its meaning, and integrate it with the text that is stated.