Reasons, why does India, have a monsoon-type of climate?
Why does India have a monsoon-type climate? The Answer is here:- The word “Monsoon” has been derived from the Arabic word “Mausim” which means season. Monsoon is seasonal wind movement that is accompanied by rain or precipitation. There are some factors that affect the Indian Climate are:
- The Tropic of Cancer passes through the middle of the country dividing the Indian region into two parts from the Rann of Kutch in the west to Mizoram in the East.
- Half of the country lies in the south of the Tropic of Cancer, belongs to the tropical region.
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- The north region of Indian territory is covered with mountains with an average height of 6000 meters.
- The Cold winds that come from Central Asia are prevented by the Himalayas from entering the subcontinent.
Pressure and Winds
- Pressure and Surface winds, upper air circulation, Western cyclonic disturbances, and tropical cyclones are the atmospheric conditions that govern the climate and associated weather conditions in India.
North-East Trade winds
- The N E Trade winds are permanent winds that blow from land to sea and it blows over India during cold weather season.
- The N E trade winds hold very less moisture and hence they cause very little rainfall.
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- The Upper air circulation in the southwest region is regulated by westerly flow and the major component of this flow is the jet stream.
- Jet Stream: Jet streams are located nearly over 27o -30o north latitude and hence called Subtropical westerly jet stream.
- The speed of Jet stream varies from about 110 km/h in summer and 184km/h in winter.
- Western Cyclonic Disturbances: The western cyclonic disturbances are brought by the westerly flow from the Mediterranean region in the months of winter.
- The western cyclonic disturbances generally influence the weather of the north and north-western regions of India.
Why India has Monsoon-type Climate?- Questions and Answers
Ques. Why does India have a monsoon type of climate? Discuss and Describe.
Ans. India has a monsoon type of climate system because of the strong influence of the monsoon winds that the subcontinent had. The summer monsoon winds cause heavy rainfall when they blow from sea to land. The winter monsoon winds blow from the interior of the continents to the sea and do not cause much rain. There is a seasonal reversal of the wind system ‘monsoon’.
Ques. What is Monsoon?
Ans. The monsoon type of wind system climate is based on distinct seasons and seasons the reversal of monsoon winds. This is due to differential heating of land and water bodies and pressure situation. These winds blow over the warm oceans, pick up moisture from them resulting in rainfall in India
FAQs on Why does India have a monsoon-type of climate?
Question: What type of climate does India have?
Answer: India posses a monsoon type of climate.
Question: What are the factors that affect climate in India?
Answer: Latitude, Altitude, Pressure and winds, distance from sea and ocean currents.
Question: How do the monsoon winds influence the climate of India?
Answer: The monsoon type of season is majorly based on the season of reversal of monsoon winds and these winds further blow over oceans, pick up moisture from them which would result into rainfall in India.
Question: Characteristics of a tropical monsoon?
- Cloudy sky in summer.
- Clear sky in winter.
- Hot and dry summer.
- Cool and dry winter
- Low-pressure summer
- High humidity