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Volcano Project for Kids, Eruption Science Explanation

Volcano Project: Are you looking for a cool science project idea for your upcoming science exhibition? The “Vocano Project” or “Vocano Eruption Project” is one of the best ideas for gaining praise at your school. A volcano is a mountainous landform where hot rock or magma erupts from the planet’s surface. Making a volcano at home or for a science project competition is a simple and enjoyable project to complete with your friends. The Volcano Project will also assist students in learning difficult acids and bases topics by doing a basic volcano experiment.

Volcano Project

Volcano Project: The outermost eruption of magma from the earth’s upper mantle creates a volcano or volcano mountain. The magma explodes to the surface, forming a torrent of lava and depositing ash. A new layer of lava is brought to the surface as the volcano continues to erupt. Volcanoes are divided into three categories:

  • Active Volcanoes: A volcano is defined as active if it is projected to erupt or is currently erupting.
  • Dormant Volcanoes: A dormant volcano is one that is not erupting or is not expected to erupt in the next few years.
  • Extinct Volcanoes: An extinct volcano is one that no one believes will erupt again.

Volcano Science Project

You were given a brief overview of the volcano in the upper portion. Now, with the volcano Science Project, you can make volcanoes erupt in the house or create an active volcano eruption project for assignment. The baking soda vinegar volcano project is the simplest and most effective approach to learning how to create a volcano eruption project for a science competition. This Volcano Science Project also teaches young students about the chemical reactions of acids and bases in a more enjoyable manner.

Volcano Project for Kids, Eruption Science Explanation -_3.1

Volcano Eruption Project

Here is a list of materials that you will need to complete the volcano eruption project. And also the step-by-step process to finish the Volcano project model is also discussed below.

Materials Required for Volcano Project

Most of the items on the list are affordable and readily accessible. You might even discover them in the cabinets in your kitchen.

  • 10 mL detergent/ dish washer
  • Warm water, 100 mL
  • White vinegar (400 mL)
  • Slurry of baking soda (fill a cup halfway with baking soda, then fill the remainder of the way with water)
  • Red food colouring
  • Empty 2 litres of soda

Volcano Project-Making Procedure

The volcano science project is described in detail below.
Step 1: At first fill the empty soda bottle 1/2 with vinegar, water, dish soap, and 2 drops of food coloring.
Step 2: Stir the baking soda slurry with a spoon until it is completely liquid.
Step 3: Step aside as you swiftly pour the baking soda slurry into the soda bottle.
Step 4: A volcanic eruption is about to occur right now.


The homemade volcano erupts and spills out red lava. we will see the red-colored liquid come out from the bottle just like magma spills out as lava from a real lava mountain, now enjoy the view of homemade lava.

Volcanic Eruption Explanation

Now the most important part of the lava eruption experiment is to understand why the lava came out, and what chemical reactions are occurring there.

  • A chemical reaction between vinegar and baking soda creates a gas called carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is the same type of gas used to make the carbonation in sodas.
  • The same happens if you shake up a soda. The gas gets very excited and tries to spread out. There is not enough room in the bottle for the gas to spread out so it leaves through the opening very quickly, causing an eruption.

Science Project – How to make an Ice Volcano?

Let’s try to make an ice volcano project using the techniques and materials provided here.

What you’ll need to construct an Ice Volcano Project?

  • The plastic wrap
  • Small bowls
  •  balls


Step 1: To make an ice volcano, insert a non-floating ball in the bottom of each bowl. Wrap plastic wrap around each of these bowls.
Step 2: Fill these basins with baking soda, water, and food coloring until they entirely cover the ball below.
Step 3: Frozen these bowls for a few minutes.
Step 4: Once frozen, take your ‘volcano’ out of the bowls and add a few drops of vinegar to it.


When the vinegar comes into contact with your ice volcano, the ice volcano will erupt.

How to make Sand Volcano Science Project?

Let’s make an effort to make a sand volcano project utilizing the techniques and materials provided here.

You will require the following items to make Sand Volcano Project

  • Sand
  • 2 cups of vinegar
  • 1 tablespoon baking soda
  • Funnel
  • vacant plastic bottle
  • Food coloring (red/orange)


Here are the steps for making the sand vocano project.
Step 1: First, make a sand mound with an empty plastic bottle.
Step 2: Fill the bottle with baking soda using a funnel.
Step 3: Combine some food coloring and vinegar, then pour it into the container and witness your volcano explode.

Volcano Project Using Newspaper

These kinds of exercises sharpen students’ scientific comprehension while also establishing in them a sense of ingenuity and imagination. Let us perform the put-together newspaper volcano project by following the directions and using the materials provided here.

Required Materials

  • Newspaper and cardboard
  • a big plastic bottle
  • Adhesive made of cellulose
  • Paint
  • Scissors


Build a volcano at home using a newspaper; instructions are provided below.

Step 1: Start by placing a bottle in the center of your cardboard platform. Spread the adhesive paste onto the cardboard and cover it with crumbled newspaper.
Step 2: Glue the newspaper surrounding the bottle as well, and paint the entire structure to resemble a volcano. Set it aside and let it dry for a few hours or a few days.
Step 3: When the volcano is ready,  add the baking soda, vinegar, and food coloring into the bottle to make it blast.

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How do you make a volcano project?

Step 1: Combine the dish soap, water, white vinegar, and food colouring in an empty soda bottle. Step 2: Combine 12 cup baking soda and 12 cup water to make a thick paste. With a spoon, thoroughly stir it until totally dissolved. Step 3: It's finally time for the eruption.

How do you make a volcano lava for a school project?

Read the complete technique for creating various types of volcano projects for a school science exhibition here.

About the Author

Hi buds, I am Monisa, a postgraduate in Human Physiology (specialization in Ergonomics and Occupational health) with 1.5 years of experience in the school education sector. With versatile writing skills, I provide educational content to help students find the right path to success in various domains, such as JEE, NEET, CUET, and other entrance exams.

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