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Famous Historical Monuments of India with Names and Pictures

Historical Monuments

Historical monuments are physical structures or sites that have significant historical, cultural, architectural, or artistic value. These monuments are typically preserved and protected by governments or organizations because they hold important cultural or historical significance for a particular region, nation, or civilization.

Monuments of India

India is a country with a rich and diverse cultural heritage, and it is home to numerous monuments of historical, architectural, and cultural significance. Here is a list of some of the most famous monuments in India:

  1. Taj Mahal (Agra, Uttar Pradesh): The Taj Mahal is one of the most iconic monuments in the world. Built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, it is renowned for its stunning white marble architecture and intricate carvings.
  2. Red Fort (Delhi): Also known as the Lal Qila, this UNESCO World Heritage Site was constructed by Emperor Shah Jahan and is a symbol of India’s rich history. It is known for its red sandstone walls and impressive Mughal architecture.
  3. Qutub Minar (Delhi): This is the tallest brick minaret in the world and is another UNESCO World Heritage Site. It was built in the 12th century and stands as a remarkable example of Indo-Islamic architecture.
  4. Jaipur City Palace (Jaipur, Rajasthan): The City Palace complex in Jaipur is a royal residence that showcases a blend of Rajasthani and Mughal architectural styles. It is a popular tourist attraction.
  5. Hawa Mahal (Jaipur, Rajasthan): Also known as the Palace of Winds, this five-story structure is famous for its intricate latticework windows and was built to allow royal women to observe street life without being seen.
  6. Ajanta and Ellora Caves (Aurangabad, Maharashtra): These rock-cut cave complexes are UNESCO World Heritage Sites and feature stunning ancient Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain temples with intricate carvings and paintings.
  7. Fatehpur Sikri (Agra, Uttar Pradesh): This abandoned Mughal city is known for its well-preserved architecture and includes buildings like the Buland Darwaza and the Tomb of Sheikh Salim Chishti.
  8. Mahabalipuram (Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu): This coastal town is famous for its rock-cut temples and sculptures, including the iconic “Arjuna’s Penance” and the Shore Temple, both UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
  9. Khajuraho Group of Monuments (Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh): These temples are known for their intricate erotic carvings and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, representing India’s rich cultural and artistic heritage.
  10. Konark Sun Temple (Konark, Odisha): This temple is dedicated to the Sun God and is designed in the shape of a colossal chariot with intricate stone carvings. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  11. Meenakshi Amman Temple (Madurai, Tamil Nadu): This temple complex is dedicated to Goddess Meenakshi and Lord Sundareswarar and is known for its towering gopurams (entrance towers) adorned with colorful sculptures.
  12. Sanchi Stupa (Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh): These ancient Buddhist stupas, including the Great Stupa, are UNESCO World Heritage Sites and represent the birthplace of Buddhist architecture and art.

These are just a few examples, and India is home to many more historical and cultural monuments, each with its unique significance and charm.

Famous Historical Monuments in India

One of the most stunning nations on earth, India is renowned for its vibrant culture and intriguing history. Grand structures like the Taj Mahal serve as powerful pillars of India’s long and rich heritage. The historical buildings of India have beautiful architecture and leave a lasting impact. The Rajputana, Dravidian, and Mughal kings were principally responsible for the construction of the majority of these Indian monuments. The monuments of India are living testimony to the splendour of its kings and the genius of its craftsmen in antiquity.

India’s breathtaking beauty and the government’s ongoing attempts to preserve its historic sites have led to a tremendous growth in the number of tourists visiting the country from all over the world. Red Fort in the North, Sun Temple Konark in the East, Amer Fort in the West, and Charminar are a few of the country’s well-preserved landmarks (South).

Top 50 Monuments of India

Here is the list of Name of historical monuments in India:

Historical Monument of India

Historical Monument of India Location

Golghar Patna, Bihar
Pathar Ki Masjid Patna, Bihar
Sher Shah’s Tomb Sasaram, Bihar
Vishnupad Temple Gaya, Bihar
Feroz Shah Kotla Delhi
Hauz Khas Delhi
Humayun Tomb Delhi
Jama Masjid Delhi
Jantar-Mantar Delhi
Khirki Masjid Delhi
Lakshmi Narayan Temple Delhi
Moti Masjid Delhi
President House Delhi
Purana Qila Delhi
Qutub Minar Delhi
Red Fort Delhi
Safdarjung Tomb Delhi
Sabarmati Ashram Ahmadabad. Gujarat
Charar-E- Sharif Budgam, Jammu and Kashmir
Nishat Garden Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
Shalimar Garden Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
Gol Gumbaz Bijapur, Karnataka
Ajanta- Ellora Caves Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Bibi Ka Maqbara Aurangabad, Maharashtra
Elephanta Cave Mumbai
Gateway Of India Mumbai
Kanheri Fort Mumbai
Jagannath Temple Puri, Odisha
Sun Temple Konark, Odisha
Golden Temple Amritsar, Punjab
Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra Ajmer, Rajasthan
Bharatpur Fort Bharatpur, Rajasthan
Ajmer Sharif Dargah Ajmer, Rajasthan
Dilwara Jain Temple Mount Abu, Rajasthan
Hawa Mahal Jaipur, Rajasthan
Jaigarh Fort Jaipur, Rajasthan
Jodhpur Fort Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Nahargarh Fort Jaipur, Rajasthan
Vijaya Stambha Chittorgarh, Rajasthan
Saint George Fort Chennai, Tamil Nadu
Char- Minar Hyderabad, Telangana
Makka Masjid Hyderabad, Telangana
Agra Fort Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Akbar Rsquo Tomb Sikandra, Uttar Pradesh
Anand Bhawan Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Aram Bagh Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Bada Imambara Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Chhota Imambara Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
Deewan-E- Khas Agra Fort, Uttar Pradesh
Fatehpur Sikri Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Jama Masjid Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Moti Masjid Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Sati Burj Mathura, Uttar Pradesh
Shish Mahal Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Taj Mahal Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Shantiniketan West Bengal
Belur Math Kolkata, West Bengal
Victoria Memorial Kolkata, West Bengal

Temple City of India- Check List of All Famous Temples in It

Historical Monuments of India with Names and Pictures

India is a country rich in culture and diversity and is also the location of some of the best historical sites on earth. The stunning Taj Mahal, the revered Golden Temple, and the cultural landmark Hawa Mahal are the iconic Indian monuments most recognised by the UNESCO World Heritage Site. Explore and take in the breathtaking insights into India’s ancient structures and rich heritage.

Here are some of the most famous historical monuments in India:

First Historical Monuments in India- Taj Mahal, Agra

One of the most stunning and well-known structures in the city of Agra, The Taj Mahal is included in the list of the Seven Wonders of the World. A Mughal emperor by the name of Shahjahan erected this monument made of white marble in honour of his devoted wife. This world heritage site has become quite famous to visit by all travellers and romantics from all over the world due to its wonderful architecture and the history behind it.

Name of historical monuments in India
Taj Mahal, Agra

2nd Historical Monuments in India- Golden Temple, Amritsar

The Golden Temple, also known as the Harmandir Sahib, is the holiest temple and site of pilgrimage in Amritsar. This is the most well-known and revered Sikh Gurdwara in Punjab, India, and it is embellished with a gold-gilded facade with a long history. Visit this well-known destination in India if you have an interest in culture and history.

Name of historical monuments in India
Golden Temple, Amritsar

3rd Historical Monuments in India- Meenakshi Temple, Madurai

The Meenakshi Temple is located in Madurai, a city known for its temples, on the southern bank of the Vaigai River. Most Hindus and Tamils who are devotees of Shiva and Parvati, as well as architectural enthusiasts from all over the world, visit this temple. This shrine’s 14 gopurams are thought to have 33,000 sculptures. It’s unquestionably a location to go if you’re intrigued by art and cultural history.

Name of historical monuments in India
Meenakshi Temple, Madurai

4th Historical Monuments in India- Mysore Palace, Mysore

A well-known historical landmark in the Karnataka city of Mysore is the Mysore Palace. After the Taj Mahal, this is the most well-known tourist destination in India and is frequently referred to as the City of Palaces. With its expansive halls, exquisite art paintings, and Indo-Saracenic style architecture, it is a spectacle not to be missed. Due to the amazing lighted lights surrounding the entire monument, nighttime is the best time to visit.

Name of historical monuments in India
Mysore Palace, Mysore

5th Historical Monuments in India- Gateway of India, Mumbai

The Gateway of India is Mumbai’s most well-known landmark, despite the fact that the city is known for its Bollywood celebrities and films. The Taj Mahal of Mumbai, it is a well-liked gathering place for locals, tourists, street merchants, and photographers. The magnificent monument was erected to honour King George V and Queen Mary’s visit to Bombay. This location is not to be missed with family or when taking a trip of India because it offers so much fun and excitement.

Name of historical monuments in India
Gateway of India, Mumbai

6th Historical Monuments in India- Red Fort, New Delhi

Red Fort, which has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is situated in the heart of lovely Delhi. This renowned historical site is a must-visit location if you enjoy learning about history and culture. The walls of this museum complex, which was established in 1648 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, are made of red sandstone. On Independence Day, when the Indian Prime Minister raises the flag at the Red Fort, is the ideal time to visit. Visit an Indian restaurant to end the day and indulge in the many delicious dishes on offer.

Name of historical monuments in India
Red Fort, New Delhi

7th Historical Monuments in India- Hawa Mahal, Jaipur

Discover the Hawa Mahal, also known as the Palace of Winds, which is located in Jaipur, the state capital of Rajasthan. One of the most well-known tourist destinations in the city of Jaipur is this unusual five storey tower, which the Maharaja Sawi Pratap Singh constructed in 1799 out of red and pink sandstone.

Name of historical monuments in India
Hawa Mahal, Jaipur

8th Historical Monuments in India- Qutub Minar, New Delhi

In the capital city of New Delhi, you can see one of the highest structures in the world as well as the second-tallest minaret of India. This well-known structure, which rises to a height of 72.5 metres and has about 379 stairs, showcases the intricate architecture of India. Travelers from all over the world visit this most well-known tower in India since it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site built of red sandstone and embellished with Arabic and Brahmi inscriptions.

Name of historical monuments in India
Qutub Minar, New Delhi

9th Historical Monuments in India- Sanchi Stupa, Sanchi

Located in Sanchi, India, the Sanchi Stupa, also known as the Great Stupa, is a revered Buddhist structure. One of the earliest stone buildings in the centre of India was built by Emperor Ashoka. Visit these important Sanchi landmarks, which include a number of Buddhist stupas, monasteries, and temples, to learn about Indian culture.

Name of historical monuments in India
Sanchi Stupa, Sanchi

10th Historical Monuments in India- Charminar, Hyderabad

Without viewing Hyderabad’s most illustrious and magnificent structure, the Charminar, no trip should be considered complete. The most recognizable landmark in the city of Hyderabad is this majestic and imposing mosque, which was built in 1591 and features four minarets.

Name of historical monuments in India
Charminar, Hyderabad


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Who is the famous monument of India?

The Taj Mahal is the most well-known structure in India. It was built by Shahjahan in honour of his wife Mumtaz Mahal and serves as a testament to unwavering love. Additionally, it ranks second among UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

How many historical monuments are in India?

There are 116 Indian monuments spread over 19 states that can be visited. Of those, 17 Indian monuments are found in Uttar Pradesh. One of the Seven Wonders of the World, the Taj Mahal, is situated in this state's Agra.

What are the types of historical monuments?

Statues, (war) memorials, old houses, old places, and cultural assets are a few examples of monuments. A monument could be included on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list, for instance, if there is a public interest in its preservation.

Which is the No 1 monument in the world?

The most famous monument in the world is Notre Dame in Paris, France. Nevertheless, Our Lady of Paris continues to remain tall and solidify her position as the world's most visited monument. This over 850-year-old cathedral is visited by about 12 million people annually.

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