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Mensuration Formulas PDF for All 2D, 3D Shapes in Maths

Mensuration is a discipline of mathematics concerned with the measurement of geometric figures. Mensuration formulas are an important aspect of geometry and are utilized in a variety of mathematical and real-world contexts. It deals with dimensions such as shape, length, volume, area, surface area, and so on. Mensuration is the measurement of geometrical figures that fall into the categories of 2D and 3D shapes. Problems based on Mensuration Formulas are very frequent in class 10 as well as in various competitive Exams. In this article, we have discussed all the mensuration all formulas for 2D and 3D Shapes in detail.

Mensuration Formula

Mensuration formulas are an important aspect of geometry and are utilized in a variety of mathematical and real-world contexts. In mathematics, Mensuration is the branch in which we learn about different measurements like length, area, volume, etc of different figures and shapes like cylinders, Sphere, etc. Mensuration formula aid in determining the size, shape, and volume of various things, and so play an important part in numerous industries such as engineering, architecture, and construction.

Mensuration Formulas for 2D and 3D Shapes

Mensuration is the discipline of geometry concerned with measuring area, length, and volume in 2D and 3D forms. Before we go into the mensuration formulas, it’s important to understand the distinction between 2D and 3D figures. A 2D shape has only two dimensions, length, and breadth, whereas a 3D figure has three dimensions: length, breadth, and height. we measure for 2D shapes area (A) and perimeter (P). Volume(V), total, lateral, and curved surface area are all estimated in 3D.

2D  Mensuration  –A shape or figure that only has two dimensions i.e. length and width. This type of figure does not have any thickness and is a flat plane shape. In a 2D shape, we can only calculate the area and the perimeter of the 2d  shape.

3D Mensuration – A shape or figure that has all three dimensions i.e length width and thickness, is known as a three-dimensional shape. In 3d shape, we can calculate volume, the area covered by a curved surface and the total surface area of the 3D shape.

Important terms used in Mensuration formulas

Lets, ‘s learn about some terminology that we are going to use in mensuration formulas.

• Area –  Area defines as a quantity of surface that is surrounded by a  shape. Abbreviation by ‘A’.
• Volume – Volume is a quantity that expresses the amount of space covered by a three-dimensional shape. Abbreviation by ‘V’
• Parameter – Parameter is a measurable factor by which we can measure the length of the boundary line of a  closed figure. Abbreviation by ‘P’.
• Curved Surface Area (CSA) – This is the total area of all curved surfaces.
• Lateral Surface Area (LSA) – This is the whole area of the surface excluding the top and bottom.
• Total Surface Area (TSA) – This is the total area of the object’s surfaces, including the bases.

Mensuration All Formulas

Now, you are clear about what is exactly? 2-D shapes and 3-D shapes, but still, for your better understanding, we will be given the mensuration formula tables for both the shapes below. Check out all formulas of mensuration for 2-D and 3-D shapes which are given below.

2D Mensuration Formula

In mensuration, some Important mensuration 2d formula for the area and perimeter of some 2D shapes are listed below-

 Shape Area ( Square units) Perimeter (Units) Square a² 4a Circle π r² 2πr Rectangle l × b 2 ( l+ b ) Triangle ½ (b × h) a + b + c Right angle Triangle ½ (b × h) b + hypotenus +h Equilateral Triangle √(3/4) × a² 3a Rhombus ½ ×d1 ×d2 4 × side Parallelogram b × h 2 ( l+ b ) Trapezium ½ h(a+b) a+b+c+d

3D Mensuration Formula Chart

some Important mensuration 2d formula for some 3D shapes are listed below-

 Shape Volume (Cubic units) Curved or lateral surface area ( Square units) Total surface area ( Square unit ) Cube a³ 4a² 6a² Cone (⅓) π r² h π r l Π r (r + l) Cylinder π r² h 2π r h 2πrh + 2πr² Hemisphere (⅔) π r³ 2 π r² 3 π r² Cuboid l × b× h 2 h( l+ b ) 2 ( lb+ bh+ hl ) Sphere (4/3) π r³ 4 π r² 4 π r² Frustum of Cone (1/3)Πh(R² + R. r + r²) Π (R + r)l π[(R + r)l+r²+R²]

Mensuration Formula for Class 8 and Class 10

Mensuration is one of the important concepts in class 8. Some of the mensuration formula for class 8 students is given below.

Area Formula

• Area of Trapezium = height × (sum of parallel sides)/2
• Area of Rhombus = (1/2) × d1 × d2; where d1 and d2 are the two diagonals of the rhombus
• Area of Special Quadrilateral = (1/2) × d × (h1 + h2); where d is the diagonal, and h1 and h2 are the perpendiculars drawn on the diagonals from the vertices.
• Surface area of Cuboid = 2(lb + bh + hl); where l, b and h represent the length, breadth and height of the cuboid.
• Surface area of Cube = 6s2; where s represents the side of the cube.
• Surface area of cylinder = 2Πr(r + h); where h represents the height and r represents the radius of the cylinder.
• Area of an equilateral triangle = s²(√3/4), where s = side of the equilateral triangle
• Area of a regular hexagon = (3 x √3 x a²)/2, where a = side of the regular hexagon

Volume Formula

• Volume of Cuboid = l × b × h; where l, b and h represent the length, breadth and height of the cuboid.
• Volume of Cube = s3; where s represents the side of the cube.
• Volume of Cylinder = Πr2h; where h represents the height and r represents the radius of the cylinder.
• Volume of a Hollow Cylinder = Π. h(R² – r²), where R = outer radius, r = inner radius
• Volume of a normal square pyramid = (1/3) x h x s², where s = length of one of the sides of a square base and h is the height of the pyramid

Mensuration Formulas Examples

Mensuration formulas is useful for measuring shapes and figures. It works with both 2-D and 3-D geometrical shapes. mensuration all formulas may appear intricate and difficult to employ, particularly to younger students. We’ve gone through various Mensuration math formulas for 2-D and 3-D figures in depth below.

Mensuration Formulas PDF

We have provided the Mensuration Formulas PDF of some important formulas for 2D and 3D shapes below. These formulas will help students to prepare this topic for their school as well as competitive examinations.

Mensuration Formulas PDF

Mensuration Formula Chart

Check here the mensuration formula chart for students of Class 6 to 10.

Mensuration

“Mensuration” refers to the branch of mathematics that deals with the measurement of geometric figures and their properties. It involves the calculation of various measurements such as length, area, volume, and other geometric quantities. Mensuration is an important concept in geometry and has practical applications in fields such as architecture, engineering, construction, and design. Here are some common mensuration formulas for different geometric shapes:

2D Shapes:

1. Rectangle:
• Area:
• Perimeter:
2. Square:
• Area:
• Perimeter:
3. Triangle:
• Area:
• Perimeter:
4. Circle:
• Area:
• Circumference:

3D Shapes:

1. Cube:
• Volume:
• Surface Area:
2. Cylinder:
• Volume:
• Curved Surface Area:
3. Sphere:
• Volume:
• Surface Area:
4. Cone:
• Volume:
• Curved Surface Area:

These are just a few examples of mensuration formulas for various geometric shapes. Depending on the shape, different formulas are used to calculate measurements such as area, volume, and surface area. It’s important to understand the properties of each shape and how to apply the appropriate formula for the calculation of specific geometric quantities.

Shapes in Maths

In mathematics, shapes refer to the geometric figures or forms that can be defined by their size, dimensions, and properties. Geometry is the branch of mathematics that primarily deals with the study of shapes. Here are some fundamental shapes in mathematics:

1. Point: A point is a location in space with no size or dimension. It is often represented as a dot.
2. Line: A line is a straight path with no thickness or width. It extends infinitely in both directions.
3. Line Segment: A line segment is a portion of a line with two endpoints.
4. Ray: A ray is a portion of a line that starts at a particular point and extends infinitely in one direction.
5. Angle: An angle is formed when two rays share a common endpoint. Angles can be classified as acute (less than 90 degrees), right (exactly 90 degrees), obtuse (greater than 90 degrees but less than 180 degrees), or straight (exactly 180 degrees).
6. Triangle: A triangle is a polygon with three sides and three angles. The sum of the angles in a triangle is always 180 degrees.
7. Quadrilateral: A quadrilateral is a polygon with four sides and four angles. Examples include squares, rectangles, parallelograms, and trapezoids.
8. Circle: A circle is a two-dimensional shape with all points equidistant from its center. The distance from the center to any point on the circle is called the radius, and the distance across the circle passing through the center is the diameter.
9. Polygon: A polygon is a closed shape with straight sides. Polygons can have any number of sides, with common examples being triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, etc.
10. Ellipse: An ellipse is a closed curve that resembles a flattened circle. It has two focal points, and the sum of the distances from any point on the ellipse to the two focal points remains constant.
11. Parabola: A parabola is a U-shaped curve that is symmetric about its vertex. It can open upward or downward.
12. Hyperbola: A hyperbola is a curve with two branches that are mirror images of each other. It has two focal points, and the difference in distances from any point on the hyperbola to the two focal points remains constant.

These are just some of the basic shapes in mathematics, and there are many more complex shapes and forms that mathematicians study and analyze. Shapes are fundamental to geometry and play a crucial role in various mathematical and scientific disciplines.

Solved Questions Based on Mensuration Formulas

Q. If the area of a triangle with base ‘x’ is equal to the area of a square with side x .then the altitude of the triangle is :

1. a) x/2           b) x            c) 2x             d) 3x              e) None of these

let, altitude of the triangle is – hIf base ‘x’, then the area of the triangle is – ½ (x × h) square unitsIf side ‘x’, then the area of the square is – square units

Now, as per the given condition,½ ( x × h) =x²or, h = 2x (Answer)

So, option ( c ) is correct.

Q .  Find the area of a triangle whose sides are 5 , 5 & 6 cm .

a) 12 cm²      b) b)  14 cm²           c) 16  cm²    d)  10 cm²     e) None of these

So, area of the triangle = ½ (6 ×4 )

So, option ( a ) is correct .

Q . A cone and a hemisphere have equal bases and equal heights. Find out the ratio of their curved surface area .

a) 1: √2     b) √2 :1   c) 2 :1 d) 1:2          e) None of these

→Let the base radius of hemisphere = r unit .

Base radius of cone = r unit.

height of cone = base radius of hemisphere = r unit

so, Slant height of cone (l) =√(h²+r²)=√(r²+r²)=√2r unit

The ratio between the curved surface area of hemisphere and cone is –

= 2πr² : πrl = 2π²r: πr (√2r)=2 :√2= √2 : 1 ( Answer)

So, option ( b ) is correct.

Mensuration Formula in Hindi

क्षेत्रमिति 2डी फॉर्मूला चार्ट

क्षेत्रमिति में, कुछ 2D आकृतियों के क्षेत्रफल और परिधि के लिए कुछ महत्वपूर्ण क्षेत्रमिति 2d सूत्र नीचे सूचीबद्ध हैं-

वर्ग · a² 4a
वृत्त ‍ π r² 2πr
आयत एल × बी 2 ( एल+ बी )
त्रिभुज ½ (बी × एच) ए + बी + सी
समकोण त्रिभुज ½ (बी × एच) बी + कर्ण +एच
समबाहु त्रिभुज √(3/4) × a² 3a
समचतुर्भुज ½ ×d1 ×d2 4 × भुजा
समांतर चतुर्भुज b × h 2 ( l+ b )
ट्रैपेज़ियम ½ h(a+b) a+b+c+d
क्षेत्रमिति 3डी फॉर्मूला चार्ट

कुछ 3डी आकृतियों के लिए कुछ महत्वपूर्ण क्षेत्रमिति 2डी सूत्र नीचे सूचीबद्ध हैं-

घन a³ 4a² 6a²
शंकु (⅓) π r² h π r l Π r (r + l)
सिलेंडर π r² h 2π r h 2πrh + 2πr²
गोलार्ध (⅔) π r³ 2 π r² 3 π r²
घनाकार l × b× h 2 h( l+ b ) 2 ( lb+ bh+ hl )

गोला (4/3) π r³ 4 π r² 4 π r²
शंकु का छिन्नक (1/3)Πh(R² + R. r + r²) Π (R + r)l π[(R + r)l+r²+R²]

क्षेत्रमिति सूत्र कक्षा 8 और कक्षा 10

कक्षा 8 में क्षेत्रमिति महत्वपूर्ण अवधारणाओं में से एक है। कक्षा 8 के छात्रों के लिए क्षेत्रमिति के कुछ सूत्र नीचे दिए गए हैं।

क्षेत्र सूत्र

समलम्ब चतुर्भुज का क्षेत्रफल = ऊंचाई × (समानांतर भुजाओं का योग)/2
समचतुर्भुज का क्षेत्रफल = (1/2) × d1 × d2; जहाँ d1 और d2 समचतुर्भुज के दो विकर्ण हैं
विशेष चतुर्भुज का क्षेत्रफल = (1/2) × d × (h1 + h2); जहाँ d विकर्ण है, और h1 और h2 शीर्षों से विकर्णों पर खींचे गए लंब हैं।
घनाभ का पृष्ठीय क्षेत्रफल = 2(lb + bh + hl); जहां एल, बी और एच घनाभ की लंबाई, चौड़ाई और ऊंचाई का प्रतिनिधित्व करते हैं।
घन का पृष्ठीय क्षेत्रफल = 6s2; जहाँ s घन की भुजा को दर्शाता है।
बेलन का पृष्ठीय क्षेत्रफल = 2Πr(r + h); जहां h ऊंचाई को दर्शाता है और r सिलेंडर की त्रिज्या को दर्शाता है।
समबाहु त्रिभुज का क्षेत्रफल = s²(√3/4), जहाँ s = समबाहु त्रिभुज की भुजा
एक नियमित षट्भुज का क्षेत्रफल = (3 x √3 x a²)/2, जहाँ a = नियमित षट्भुज की भुजा

आयतन सूत्र

घनाभ का आयतन = l × b × h; जहां एल, बी और एच घनाभ की लंबाई, चौड़ाई और ऊंचाई का प्रतिनिधित्व करते हैं।
घन का आयतन = s3; जहाँ s घन की भुजा को दर्शाता है।
सिलेंडर का आयतन = Πr2h; जहां h ऊंचाई को दर्शाता है और r सिलेंडर की त्रिज्या को दर्शाता है।
खोखले बेलन का आयतन = Π. h(R² – r²), जहां R = बाहरी त्रिज्या, r = आंतरिक त्रिज्या
एक सामान्य वर्ग पिरामिड का आयतन = (1/3) x h x s², जहाँ s = वर्गाकार आधार की एक भुजा की लंबाई और h पिरामिड की ऊँचाई है

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FAQs

What is the formula for Mensuration for Class 6?

Mensuration is a discipline of mathematics concerned with the measurement of geometric figures. Mensuration formulas are an important aspect of geometry and are utilized in a variety of mathematical and real-world contexts. It deals with dimensions such as shape, length, volume, area, surface area, and so on.

What is Mensuration of 2D figures?

A shape or figure that only has two dimensions i.e. length and width. This type of figure does not have any thickness and is a flat plane shape. In a 2D shape, we can only calculate the area and the perimeter of the 2d  shape.

Does volume exist in 2D shapes?

No. Volume is the property of 3D shapes like cubes, cuboids, etc. 2D shapes can only have an area and perimeter.