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Degrees of Comparison, Meaning, Uses, Examples

Degrees of Comparison Definition

A degree of comparison is a type of adjective used in English to contrast one thing or person with another that shares the same attribute. It is connected to the sentence’s adjective or adverb. The listing of an adjective or adverb’s positive, comparative, and superlative forms is what the Collins Dictionary refers to as the “degree of comparison.” In other words, it can be claimed that one can compare nouns that have similar properties or attributes using the degree of comparison.

Degrees of Comparison Types

There are three types of degrees of comparison named:

  1. Positive degree of comparison.
  2. Comparative degree of comparison.
  3. Superlative degree of comparison.

Let’s take a closer look at each of the degrees of comparison mentioned above.

Positive Degree of Comparison

The adjective’s original form is essentially the positive degree of comparison. You cannot draw any comparisons with this degree. It simply informs the audience of a certain characteristic a noun possesses.

For example:

  1. The giraffe is tall.
  2. The dress is pretty.
  3. My friend is happy.
  4. The Sun is bright.

Comparative Degree of Comparison

To compare two nouns that share the same characteristic or the same quality at two separate times, use the comparative degree of comparison. It demonstrates which of the two possesses the referred-to quality to a greater or lesser degree.

For example:

  • Tisha looks happier than Kylie.
  • This couch is more comfortable than the other couch.
  • Your hair is shorter than hers.
  • My younger brother is taller than me.

Superlative Degree of Comparison

The highest level of comparison is a superlative comparison. It is used to compare the similar characteristics that more than two nouns have in common. It reveals which of the nouns under comparison possesses the mentioned attribute or qualities to the greatest or least degree.

For example:

  • Tisha is the most intelligent student among all the students.
  • This couch is the most comfortable.
  • Shivani is the tallest girl in our gang.
  • My younger brother is the heaviest among all the family members.

Degrees of Comparison Rules

The degrees of comparison include some rules and criteria that you must keep in mind, just like any other grammar element in English. Look at the following.

  1. Degrees of comparison are used to compare adjectives and adverbs, which is the first thing you should keep in mind regarding them.
  2. The base form of the adjective or adverb, which allows no comparison, is called the positive degree of comparison.
  3. In order to compare two nouns that share or lack the same features, the comparative degree of comparison is used. The suffix “-er” at the end of the adjective serves as the primary indicator.
  4. After the comparative form of the adjective, “than” is always added to show the comparative degree of comparison.
  5. To demonstrate which noun possesses the most or least amount of a quality or set of attributes, the superlative degree of comparison is utilised. The usage indicates it.

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Degrees of Comparison Examples

POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
She is tall. She is taller than her brother. She is the tallest among her family.
Mira is happy. Mira is happier than her mother. Mira is the happiest person in the class.
Sumi is beautiful. Sumi is more beautiful than her sister. Sumi is the most beautiful girl in her house.
Food is good. The food here is better than that restaurant. The food here is the best than other restaurants.
Rina has a big house. Rina has a bigger house than his father’s. Rina has the biggest house.

Before you look at some examples, keep in mind that not all adjectives follow the rule to add “-er” and “-est” to make the comparative and superlative degrees of comparison. The various types consist of the following:

Type 1: Adding the suffixes “-er” and “-est” to a monosyllabic adjective’s last consonant.
Type 2: Adding the suffixes “-er” and “-est” to monosyllabic adjectives in which the final consonant is followed by a different consonant or by two vowels.
Type 3: Adjectives ending in “e” are given the “-r” and “-st” suffixes in Type 3.

Type 4: Adjectives with a ‘y’ ending are given the suffixes -ier and -iest.

Type 5: Adding “more” and “most” to adjectives with multiple syllables.

Type 6: Adjectives of Type 6 are irregular

Degrees of Comparison 100 Examples with Answer

Here is a list of 100 examples of degrees of comparison that you can look upon for a better understanding.

Degrees of Comparison- Type 1

Positive Comparative Superlative
Big Bigger Biggest
Thin Thinner Thinnest
Fat Fatter Fattest
Dim Dimmer Dimmest
Hot Hotter Hottest
Sad Sadder Saddest
Slim Slimmer Slimmest
Red Redder Reddest

Degrees of Comparison- Type 2

Positive Comparative Superlative
Bright Brighter Brightest
Short Shorter Shortest
Weak Weaker Weakest
Long Longer Longest
Smart Smarter Smartest
Cool Cooler Coolest
Dark Darker Darkest
Small Smaller Smallest
Bold Bolder Boldest
Clever Cleverer Cleverest
High Higher Highest
Tall Taller Tallest
Sweet Sweeter Sweetest
Deep Deeper Deepest
Rich Richer Richest
Fast Faster Fastest
Thick Thicker Thickest
Great Greater Greatest
Kind Kinder Kindest
Cheap Cheaper Cheapest
Young Younger Youngest
Fast Faster Fastest
Stout Stouter Stoutest
Black Blacker Blackest
Slow Slower Slowest
Tight Tighter Tightest
Quick Quicker Quickest
Narrow Narrower Narrowest
Broad Broader Broadest

Degrees of Comparison- Type 3

Positive Comparative Superlative
Large Larger Largest
Close Closer Closest
Dense Denser Densest
Humble Humbler Humblest
Simple Simpler Simplest
Fine Finer Finest
Noble Nobler Noblest
Brave Braver Bravest
Pale Paler Palest
Nice Nicer Nicest

Degrees of Comparison- Type 4

Positive Comparative Superlative
Funny Funnier Funniest
Happy Happier Happiest
Dry Drier Driest
Lazy Lazier Laziest
Easy Easier Easiest
Heavy Heavier Heaviest
Wealthy Wealthier Wealthiest
Healthy Healthier Healthiest
Costly Costlier Costliest
Busy Busier Busiest
Cosy Cosier Cosiest
Dirty Dirtier Dirtiest

Degrees of Comparison- Type 5

Positive Comparative Superlative
Comfortable More comfortable Most comfortable
Beautiful More beautiful Most beautiful
Sensible More sensible Most sensible
Ignorant More ignorant Most ignorant
Attractive More attractive Most attractive
Important More important Most important
Courageous More courageous Most courageous
Faithful More faithful Most faithful
Elegant More elegant Most elegant
Active More active Most active
Popular More popular Most popular
Awesome More awesome Most awesome
Loyal More loyal Most loyal
Fantastic More fantastic Most fantastic
Wonderful More wonderful Most wonderful
Splendid More splendid Most splendid
Famous More famous Most famous
Difficult More difficult Most difficult
Careful More careful Most careful
Brilliant More brilliant Most brilliant
Enthusiastic More enthusiastic Most enthusiastic
Suitable More suitable Most suitable
Spacious More spacious Most spacious
Devoted More devoted Most devoted
Proper More proper Most proper
Patient More patient Most patient
Amazing More amazing Most amazing
Intelligent More intelligent Most intelligent
Likely More likely Most likely
Careless More careless Most careless
Threatening More threatening Most threatening
Magnificent More magnificent Most magnificent
Depressed More depressed Most depressed
Excited More excited Most excited
Amusing More amusing Most amusing

Degrees of Comparison- Type 6

Positive Comparative Superlative
Good Better Best
Bad Worse Worst
Far Further/Farther Furthest/Farthest
Late Later(time)/Latter(position) Latest(time)/Last(position)
Much More Most
Little Less Least
Many More Most
Old Elder/Older EldestOldest

 

Degrees of Comparison: Exercise

Exercise based on the degrees of comparison is given below assess yourself by doing this:

  1. No other girl is as ……………………. as Jane. (tall / taller / tallest)

2. Milk is ………………….. than any other food. (nourishing / more nourishing / most nourishing)

3. Radium is one of the ……………………… metals. (valuable / more valuable / most valuable)

4. Few English poets were as ……………………. as Wordsworth. (great / greater / greatest)

5. Shimla is ………………….. than most other hill stations in India. (famous / more famous / most famous)

6. Gold is one of the ……………………. metals. (precious / more precious / most precious)

7. Solomon was …………………… than any other king. (wise / wiser / wisest)

8. Few historians write as ………………….. as Macaulay. (well / better /best)

9. Very few books are as ……………………. as David Copperfield. (popular / more popular / most popular)

10. A train is …………………. than a car. (fast / faster / fastest)

Check Yourself

  1. No other girl is as tall as Jane.

2. Milk is more nourishing than any other food.

3. Radium is one of the most valuable metals.

4. Few English poets were as great as Wordsworth.

5. Shimla is more famous than most other hill stations in India.

6. Gold is one of the most precious metals.

7. Solomon was wiser than any other king.

8. Few historians write as well as Macaulay.

9. Very few books are as popular as David Copperfield.

10. A train is faster than a car.

 

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Degrees of Comparison- FAQs

Q.What do you mean by the degrees of comparison?

A degree of comparison is a type of adjective used in English to contrast one thing or person with another that shares the same attribute. It is connected to the sentence’s adjective or adverb. The listing of an adjective or adverb’s positive, comparative, and superlative forms is what the Collins Dictionary refers to as the “degree of comparison.” In other words, it can be claimed that one can compare nouns that have similar properties or attributes using the degree of comparison.

Q. What are the degrees of comparison in English grammar?

In English grammar, there are three degrees of comparison as following,

  • Positive Degree of Comparison
  • Comparative Degree of Comparison
  • Superlative Degree of Comparison
Q. Give an example of degrees of comparison.

Here is an example of degrees of comparison.

  • Shipra is tall. (Positive)
  • Shipra is taller than Georgea. (Comparative)
  • Shipra is the tallest of all her friends. (Superlative)

Q. In how many types one can change the degrees of comparison in the English language?

Ans. Type 1: Adding the suffixes “-er” and “-est” to a monosyllabic adjective’s last consonant.
Type 2: Adding the suffixes “-er” and “-est” to monosyllabic adjectives in which the final consonant is followed by a different consonant or by two vowels.
Type 3: Adjectives ending in “e” are given the “-r” and “-st” suffixes in Type 3.

Type 4: Adjectives with a ‘y’ ending are given the suffixes -ier and -iest.

Type 5: Adding “more” and “most” to adjectives with multiple syllables.

Type 6: Adjectives of Type 6 are irregular.

Q. What is the Comparative and superlative degree of ‘Good’?

The comparative degree of ‘good’ is ‘better’ and the superlative degree of ‘good’ is ‘best’.

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