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Preposition- Examples, Definition, List, Meaning, Exercise

Preposition

In English grammar, a preposition is a type of part of speech that establishes the relationship between the noun or pronoun and other words in the sentence. “The book is the table.” Is this sentence correct? Is this sentence complete? Does this sentence mean what it means? No. If we add the preposition ‘on’, then the sentence is complete and means correctly—’ The book is on the table ‘. So, preposition plays a vital role in sentence formation. Let’s discuss preposition definitions, types, and examples. In this article, a list of exercises based on prepositions is provided for practice.

Preposition Definition

A preposition is a group of words or words that come before or after a noun or a pronoun to show the relationship between the noun or pronoun and the other words in the sentence. In English grammar, we can’t use a preposition at the end of a sentence. For example,

1. I go to school every day.

2. Mohon lives in Modinagar in Uttar Pradesh.

In the above sentences, “to,” “at,” and “in” are the prepositions. Some more examples of prepositions are: to, from, over, under, among, between, across, through, etc.

Preposition Through Pictures

Preposition- Examples, Definition, List, Meaning, Exercise_40.1
Prepositions with picture

Prepositions List

Here is a list of some common prepositions which we are used in our daily conversion.

In Beyond Before Towards
On Than After Into
Beside To Above Onto
Through within Over Beneath
Across Under At In front of
Against Around with Up
Among Between From Down
With By Along Out
Near About Until Away
Up Below Next to On to

 

Preposition Types

Preposition is a little confusing to students. Because the meaning and usage of prepositions are different in different contexts, Now we have to understand the usage of prepositions in different aspects. According to the usage and meaning of prepositions, we can classify prepositions into several categories:

Preposition of place or location

The preposition of place is used to describe the place or position of something. example-in, on, upon, under, over, behind, etc.

1. Sheela was standing behind me in the queue.

2. Mohon lives in a village.

Preposition of direction

The preposition of direction describes the movement of something. For instance: into, towards, from, onto, and so on.

  1. A bucket fell into the well.
  2. She came into the library and started looking for a book.
  3. I will return from school at 4 pm.
  4. The baby ran towards his mother when he saw her.

Preposition of time

The proposition of time helps to describe the time or when something is happening. For example, from, at, on, in, between, etc.

1. I will complete the work after lunch.

2. Call me between 10 a.m. and 12 p.m.

3. The result will be published on August 5th.

Prepositional Phrase

Prepositional phrases are formed by combining both nouns and prepositions. For example, out of the limit, at once, on time, etc.

Preposition Examples

There are some prepositions that are confusing due to their different meanings and usage in different contexts. Let’s understand some of these prepositions in detail.

  1. in and within

In indicates a time in the future, such as within a short time.

Example-

(a)Azad will return in two days.

(b) Radhika and her mother will return within a week.

  1.  between and among

Between is used for two people or things, while among is used for more than two people or things.

Example-

(a)Those two women quarreled among themselves.

(b) There is no difference between Bittu and his cousin.

  1. Beside and Besides

Beside is described as by the side of, while besides stands for in addition to.

Example-

(a)She came and sat beside me.

(b) Besides being fined, she was sentenced to a term of imprisonment.

  1. in and into

The position of something at rest is denoted by in, whereas something in motion is denoted by into.

Example-

(a)Milan is in the library.

(b) She came into the library and started looking for a book.

  1. Since and Before

Since is used to describe time. But before is used for both time and place.

Example=

(a) Vikas hasn’t played with us since last week.

(b) They watched a movie from 6 pm to 8 pm.

6.  In/at/on

The preposition ‘in’ is used before morning, morning, month, etc., whereas we use it at night, A.M., P.M., dawn

, dusk, etc. We use ‘on’ before the name of any day, any specific date, etc.

Example-

(a) She will come to meet me in the evening.

b) I used to wake up in the morning at 6 o’clock.

Preposition Excercise

Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions.

  1. The protesters assembled and marched ________ the railway station.
  2. The government acted judiciously to stave ___________the crisis.
  3. She is better ________ and senior ________ him.
  4. There are trade agreements _________ all the developed nations.
  5. In accordance with the advice of a doctor she is ____________ diet.
  6. The Earth moves___________ the Sun.
  7. Children by the force of habit are attracted ___________ anything that glitters
  8. I could not cope ________ the excessive heat.
  9. The Newspaper will issue a supplement _________ the issue ____ August 15.
  10. The matter is ________ the jurisdiction of the court.
  11. There is  no need ___________ help  a reckless fellow like him
  12. Don’t lean ________ the wall.
  13. The protesters assembled and marched ________ the railway station.
  14. . The bus is heading ________ the city.
  15. He is a cosmopolitan and tolerant ______ the religious views of others.

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Preposition: FAQs

Q. What do you mean by a preposition?

A preposition is a group of words or words that come before or after a noun or a pronoun to show the relationship between the noun or pronoun and the other words in the sentence. For example,

 Mohon lives in Modinagar in Uttar Pradesh. In the sentence, ” “at,” and “in” are prepositions. Some more examples of prepositions are: to, from, over, under, among, between, across, through, etc.

Q. Why preposition is important in a sentence?

 Preposition plays a vital role in sentence formation. A preposition is a type of part of speech that establishes the relationship between the noun or pronoun and other words or objects in the sentence.

Q.What are the three types of Prepositions?

The three types of prepositions are- Preposition of time ( Eg- During, until, at, on ), Preposition of direction 9Eg- towards, from, to ), Preposition of place or location ( Eg- in, on, upon, under, over, behind, etc.)

Q. How does the preposition ‘in’ differ from ‘into’?

There is a slide difference between them. The position of something at rest is denoted by in, whereas something in motion is denoted by into. Example- (a)Milan is in the library. (b) She came into the library and started looking for a book.

Q. How does the preposition ‘between’ differ from ‘among’?

Between is used for two people or things, while among is used for more than two people or things. Example-(a)Those two women quarreled among themselves. ,(b) There is no difference between Bittu and his cousin.

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