Table of Contents
States and Capitals of India 2023-2024
States and Capitals of India 2023: India is a vast country with so many things to know about. No matter what, India leaves us to stay amazed! How these diverse cultures become a country is amazing in itself. With topography so varied and races so coloured, India is a beauty. Be it festivals, food, dresses or culture, each state is different from others. How do these 28 states and 8 union territories even function together? We will get to know about it here in this article.
List of 28 States of India
India comprised 28 states and 8 Union Territories. However, here’s a list of the 29 states that existed in India before the reorganization that led to the current political structure:
- Andhra Pradesh
- Arunachal Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
- Odisha (formerly Orissa)
- Tamil Nadu
- Uttar Pradesh
- Uttarakhand (formerly Uttaranchal)
- West Bengal
- Jammu and Kashmir (later reorganized into the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the Union Territory of Ladakh as of October 31, 2019)
28 States and Capitals
list of the 29 states of India along with their capitals as they were before the political reorganization that changed the status of Jammu and Kashmir in 2019. Please note that this information may be outdated, and it’s always advisable to refer to the latest resources for current details:
- Andhra Pradesh – Capital: Amaravati
- Arunachal Pradesh – Capital: Itanagar
- Assam – Capital: Dispur
- Bihar – Capital: Patna
- Chhattisgarh – Capital: Raipur
- Goa – Capital: Panaji
- Gujarat – Capital: Gandhinagar
- Haryana – Capital: Chandigarh
- Himachal Pradesh – Capital: Shimla
- Jharkhand – Capital: Ranchi
- Karnataka – Capital: Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore)
- Kerala – Capital: Thiruvananthapuram
- Madhya Pradesh – Capital: Bhopal
- Maharashtra – Capital: Mumbai
- Manipur – Capital: Imphal
- Meghalaya – Capital: Shillong
- Mizoram – Capital: Aizawl
- Nagaland – Capital: Kohima
- Odisha (formerly Orissa) – Capital: Bhubaneswar
- Punjab – Capital: Chandigarh
- Rajasthan – Capital: Jaipur
- Sikkim – Capital: Gangtok
- Tamil Nadu – Capital: Chennai (formerly Madras)
- Telangana – Capital: Hyderabad
- Tripura – Capital: Agartala
- Uttar Pradesh – Capital: Lucknow
- Uttarakhand (formerly Uttaranchal) – Capital: Dehradun
- West Bengal – Capital: Kolkata (formerly Calcutta)
- Jammu and Kashmir – Capital: Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter) (Now become union territories)
It’s important to note that the state of Jammu and Kashmir was reorganized into two Union Territories – Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh – on October 31, 2019. This reorganization resulted in a change from 29 states to 28 states in India.
Total States in India
We all have gone through that phase in our childhood when we were asked about how many states India has, or how many Union Territories are there in India, and even about the capital cities of all these. As a child, it was difficult to learn but the urge to answer these quizzes made us remember them by heart. Now, as we grew up, came different amendments and the stats have changed. Moreover, as we are approaching or have approached adulthood, learning about states or capitals was eliminated from the part of our routines, but as an Indian, we must keep up with these numbers as well. What if someone asks you about the number of states or UTs in India; and won’t you be ashamed of not answering them the right answer when you yourself are an Indian citizen? So, let’s read, find out, and learn!
India is a federal union made up of 28 states and 8 union territories, totaling 36 separate entities. Districts and smaller administrative units are subdivided further inside the states and union territories. Each state in India has its own administrative, legislative, and judicial capital. All three responsibilities, according to some accounts, are carried out in the same capital. Each state is led by a Chief Minister.
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States, Union territories and Capitals of India 2023 in Hindi
क्या होगा यदि कोई आपसे भारत में राज्यों या केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों की संख्या के बारे में पूछे; और जब आप स्वयं एक भारतीय नागरिक हैं तो क्या आपको उन्हें सही उत्तर न देने में शर्मिंदगी महसूस नहीं करेंगे? तो आइए पढ़ते हैं, पता लगाते हैं और सीखते हैं!
भारत 28 राज्यों और 8 केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों से बना एक संघ है, जिसमें कुल 36 अलग-अलग संस्थाएं हैं। जिलों और छोटी प्रशासनिक इकाइयों को राज्यों और केंद्र शासित प्रदेशों के अंदर और अधिक उप-विभाजित किया गया है। भारत में प्रत्येक राज्य की अपनी प्रशासनिक, विधायी और न्यायिक राजधानी है। प्रत्येक राज्य का नेतृत्व एक मुख्यमंत्री करता है।
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Indian States and Capitals of India 2023- 2024
Here is a list of States and Capitals of India are given below.
List of 28 States of India and Their Capitals 2024
|Hyderabad (Proposed Capital Amaravati)
|YS Jagan Mohan Reddy
|Biswa Bhusan Harichandan
|B. D. Mishra
|Himanta Biswa Sarma
|Sushri Anusuiya Uikey
|P.S. Sreedharan Pillai
|Acharya Dev Vrat
|Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar
|Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore)
|Arif Mohammed Khan
|Shivraj Singh Chouhan
|Mangubhai Chhaganbhai Patel
|Bhagat Singh Koshyari
|N. Biren Singh
|Conrad Kongkal Sangma
|Satya Pal Malik
|Bhagwant Singh Mann
|M. K. Stalin
|R. N. Ravi
|K Chandrasekhar Rao
|Biplab Kumar Deb
|Satyadeo Narain Arya
|Yogi Aditya Nath
|Dehradun, Gairsain (Summer)
|Pushkar Singh Dhami
|Lt. Gen. Gurmit Singh
28 States and 8 Union Territories Capitals of India 2023- 2024
- Andhra Pradesh: Andhra Pradesh was the first state formed on a linguistic basis. The capital of Andhra Pradesh is Amrawathi. Andhra Pradesh was carved out of Madras state on 1st October 1953. On 2nd June 2014, Telangana a new state carved out from Andhra Pradesh. Andhra Pradesh is also known as the Egg bowl of Asia and Kohinoor of India. The major rivers flowing in the Andhra Pradesh are Krishna and Godavari. Kolleru Lake is the Ramsar site of Andhra Pradesh. Sri Venkateswara National Park is situated in Andhra Pradesh.
- Arunachal Pradesh: Arunachal Pradesh was formed from the former North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA) region and became a state on 20 February 1987. The state capital of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar. Arunachal Pradesh is the largest of Northeast India’s Seven Sister States in terms of land area. Arunachal Pradesh shares a 1,129-kilometer border with the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
- Assam: Assam is a northeastern state in India. The capital of Assam is Dispur and it is one of the seven sisters of India. Assam is well known for Assam tea and silk. Assam is the first site for oil drilling in Asia. One-horned Indian Rhinoceros have their home in Assam. The whole State is covered with Sal trees which makes the whole place look green throughout the year and therefore receives a good amount of rainfall.
- Bihar: It is located in the eastern part of the country. It is the third-largest populated state in India and the fourth most populated sub-national entity. Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand on 15 November 2000. There are three parts of Bihar based on physical and structural conditions. The southern plateau, the Shivalik Region, and Bihar’s Gangetic Plain.
- Chhattisgarh: It is located in Central India and is surrounded by forests. The state was formed in 2000 on November 1, earlier it was a part of Madhya Pradesh. The capital of Chhattisgarh is Raipur. It has seven border states- Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Odisha, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh. The highest point in Chhattisgarh is the Gaurlata near Samri. 44% of the state is covered with deciduous forest. Due to the high amount of vegetation, the climate of Chhattisgarh is tropical.
- Goa: It is a state on the west coast of India. Panaji is the capital of Goa. It is located between Maharashtra and Karnataka. It is the smallest state in India and the fourth-smallest state by population. Margao, the historic city, still exhibits the cultural influences of the Portuguese. Goa is one of the largest tourist places in India. It receives a high amount of national and international tourists each year. The western coast is formed by the Arabian sea and it is very close to the North-Western Ghats rainforest which is a rare biodiversity hotspot of the World.
- Gujrat: Gujrat has the longest coastline in India, which mostly lies in the Kathiawar peninsula. It is the fifth-largest state in India by area. Gujarat is surrounded by Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh. Gujarat is considered one of the most industrially developed states which low unemployment status. The capital of Gujarat is Gandhinagar. one of the most famous places we have heard about in Gujarat is Rann of Kutch, where Rann means desert in Gujarati.
- Haryana: Haryana is located in the northern part of the country and was formed on 1sr November 1966. Haryana contains 32 special economic zones. Gurgaon in Haryana is considered the major information technology and automobile hub in India. The state capital is Chandigarh and it is rich in history, monuments, heritage, and tourism. The world’s oldest ancient Indus Valley Civilization sites are present in the villages of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district and Bhirrana, Fatehabad district in Haryana.
- Himachal Pradesh: Himachal Pradesh is located in the northern part of the country, which is situated in the western Himalayas. It shares the border with Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, and Uttar Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh is covered with mountains and rivers, 90% of the population of Himachal Pradesh lives in rural areas and the state economy includes agriculture, horticulture, hydropower, and tourism. The capital of Himachal Pradesh is Shimla which is also one of the well-known tourist places in India.
- Jharkhand: It is a state in eastern India. The states share their border with West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Odisha, and Chhattisgarh. It is the 15th largest state in India by area. The capital city of Jharkhand is Ranchi. Jharkhand is accountable for 40% of the mineral resources in India. It is also one of the leading states in India in terms of economic growth. Jharkhand is surrounded by several hills and rivers. During fall, a flower known as Palash brightens the sky of Jharkhand.
- Karnataka: It was formed in the year 1956, on 1st November. The state is located in the southwestern region of India. The capital of Karnataka is Bangalore. It shares the border with Goa, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala. It is the sixth-largest state in India by area and the eighth largest state in India by population. Karnataka has 31 districts. Kannada is the most spoken language in the state with other primary languages like Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kodava, and Beary.
- Kerala: It was formed in 1956 on November 1. It is the 21st largest state in India by area. It shares its borders with the following states, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. The state is divided into 14 districts with the capital city of Thiruvananthapuram. The most spoken language in Kerala is Malayalam and it is also the state’s official language. Kerala is also known as God’s own country, the spice gardens of India, the land of coconuts, and the jewel of South India.
- Madhya Pradesh: Madhya Pradesh is found on 26 January 1950 Madhya Pradesh got its name because of its geographical position it is in the center of India the capital of Madhya Pradesh is Bhopal Madhya Pradesh is known for its culture food and people the official language of Madhya Pradesh is Hindi Madhya Pradesh is surrounded by all sides the grand fair of Kumbh Mela is organized in Madhya Pradesh every 12 years. Madhya Pradesh is generally famous for its Khajuraho temples.
- Maharashtra: Maharashtra was formed in the year 1960 on the first of May, the official language of Maharashtra is Marathi it is connected with the Western ghats Maharashtra is also called the gateway to the heart of India Maharashtra is the third largest state and second most populated state in the country. Maharashtra is rich in historical tradition and lifestyle. Maharashtra is a combination of religious and adventurous places like Shirdi and Panchgani. The capital of Maharashtra is Mumbai.
- Manipur: Manipur is also known as the jewel city of India it is one of the most beautiful states in India it was founded in 1972 on the 21st of January the official language of Manipur is matter. Manipur is also among the greatest tourist discovery places in India. It has exotic landscapes green values and blue lakes with dense. The main attraction of Manipur is the curb lamjao National park Manipur which is the only floating National park in the world. The capital of Manipur is Imphal.
- Meghalaya: Meghalaya was founded in the year 1972 on the 21st of January the official language of Meghalaya is English Meghalaya is situated in the northeast of India it is one of the seven sisters of India Meghalaya is well known for cherrapunji which receives the highest rainfall in the world. Like every northeastern state, Meghalaya has also mesmerizing views with hills values lakes, and waterfalls. The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong.
- Mizoram: Mizoram was founded in 1987 on the 20th of February it is also a Northeastern state and among the seven sisters. Mizoram is completely different from the normal Indian culture it has its own culture and festivals the state has a unique and irresistible charm the capital of Mizoram is Aizawl which is the largest city there. The local people speak Mizo in Mizoram which has dense greenery and 21 hill ranges. Mizoram is the only place in India where Indians need an inner line permit to enter the state the cost is 170 rupees for a 15-day permit.
- Nagaland: Nagaland is also known as the Switzerland of East Nagaland is also a northeastern state and among the seven sisters of India, it was founded in the year 1963 on 1st December the largest city in Nagaland is Dimapur the capital of Nagaland is Kohima Nagaland is famous for its tradition distinctive cuisines and vivid apparel their food is the most attractive part of Nagaland the people of Nagaland almost eat anything that they can find it can be dog poke snails or even elephants.
- Punjab: Punjab wish means five rivers there is a network of 5 rivers the Ravi bees Sutlej Chenab and Jhelum Punjab is situated in the Northern part of India. It was founded in the year 1966 on the first of November the official language of Punjab is Punjabi the capital of Punjab is Chandigarh. Punjab is the golden state of India because of the high amount of agriculture and cultivation processes there.
- Rajasthan: Rajasthan is known as the land of the kings it is also located in the Northern part of India the largest city in Rajasthan is Jaipur the state was founded in the year 1950 on 26 January the capital of Rajasthan is Jaipur it is one of the most colorful and vibrant states of India it is a magnet for the tourist people from various reasons come here to get the taste of the history music cuisines and people with smiling faces Rajasthan is famous for its historical forts.
- Sikkim: Sikkim is the smallest state of India it was formed in the year 1975 on the 16th of may the official language of Sikkim is Nepali and English it is located in the Northeastern part of India the capital of Sikkim is Gangtok and Gangtok is the largest city. Sikkim has a large variety of animals plants rivers lakes and waterfalls it is also a tourist place. People can enjoy old monasteries orchid nurseries and trekking routes in Sikkim Sikkim is a perfect holiday destination in India
- Tamilnadu: Tamilnadu is located in the southern part of India the largest city in Tamilnadu is Chennai and Chennai is the capital of Tamilnadu the official language of Tamilnadu is Tamil the state was founded in the year 1956 on the first November Tamil Nadu is a land of culture and religious heritage it is also one of the best tourist places for pilgrimage be enchanted with the vast history and beauty. Tamilnadu is also known for Kanyakumari, India’s southernmost tip and renowned for the gushing Thirparappu falls, Kanyakumari beach, and many other things.
- Telangana: Telangana is the youngest state in India it was formed in the year 2014 2nd July the largest city in Telangana is Hyderabad the official language of Telangana is Telugu it was originally part of the region comprising Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh with the separation of Telangana has got a whole new identity packed with rich history and culture in the state. The capital of Telangana is Hyderabad which is shared with Andhra Pradesh.
- Tripura: Tripura is located in the Northeastern part of India the capital of Tripura is Agartala the state that was founded on 21st January 1972 the official language spoken here is Bengali and Oakbrook. It is located at the foot of the Himalayan mountains which was once home to the famous mania tribe. Tripura exhibits a unique blend of tribal culture and modern Bengali culture. Tripura is also a popular tourist destination in the Northeastern part of India.
- Uttrakhand: Uttrakhand is famously known as dev bhumi of the land of gods. It was founded in the year 2000 on the 9th of November it is located in the Northern part of India Uttarakhand is a land of natural beauty and spirituality the state was formerly known as Uttaranchal the state is rich with oak, breach, silver fir, and rhododendron. Uttarakhand is a popular pilgrimage site as it is the originating spot of the Ganga and Yamuna Uttarakhand is home to the char dhams the four most holy sides of pilgrimage are reversed by Hindus Gangotri Yamunotri Kedarnath and Badrinath every thousand of tourists visit Uttarakhand to pay homemade to the Char Dham.
Union Territories States and Capitals of India 2023-2024 List
Here is a list of India’s 8 union territories, their capitals are given below.
Union Territories and Capitals of India 2023-2024
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli,
Daman & Diu
|Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry)
|Jammu and Kashmir
|Srinagar (Summer), Jammu (Winter)
Union Territories of India 2023
The state is divided into administrative divisions, each of which has its own elected government. The Central Government controls and administers the Union Territories, which are constituent entities.
The Governor is the executive head of a state, whereas the President is the executive head of a UT.
The state’s relationship with the federal government is federal. A UT’s relationship with the Centre is unitary. i.e. Union has complete control over all authorities.
The true head of a state is the Chief Minister. The true head of a UT is a Lieutenant.
Three of India’s eight union territories, including Delhi, Puducherry (previously Pondicherry), and Jammu and Kashmir, have their own legislatures. Every union territory and state has its own capital.
On August 5, the federal government announced the abolition of Jammu and Kashmir’s special status granted under Article 370, as well as the partition of the state into two Union Territories: Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
The number of UTs has been reduced to eight with the merger of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
States and Union Territories Capitals of India- the difference between States and Union Territories
You will learn about the differences between an Indian state and a Union Territory in this section.
- Unlike the Indian States, which have a federal relationship with the Union Government and a division of legislative and executive powers, UTs have more of a unitary relationship with the Union Government because the Government of India has complete control over both the legislative and executive branches.
- A Union Territory is a tiny administrative unit that is governed by the Union Government, with the exception of Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, and Puducherry. A State is a constituent division with its own elected government that has the authority to enact laws.
- While the President of India is the Union Territory’s executive leader, a Governor is the State’s constitutional head. Additionally, the role of an administrator is very different from that of a state governor. He/she is not granted the same latitude as the Governor, who is a separate office under the Constitution and has such latitude. A representative of the federal government is the administrator.
- While the Union Territory is governed by a Lieutenant Governor or administrator is chosen by the President of India, the State is run by an elected Chief Minister.
- Unlike the Union Territories, which lack autonomy, States have their own sets of laws.
28 States and Union Territories of India and Their Capitals Map
Source: Map of India
Capital of India 2023-24
The Capital of India is New Delhi. New Delhi the national capital of India. New delhi is situated in the north-central part of the country on the west bank of the Yamuna River, adjacent to and just south of Delhi city (Old Delhi) and within the Delhi national capital territory.
How many States in India 2023-24
There are 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country. Union Territories are administered by the President through an Administrator appointed by him/her and States are administered by the Chief Minister appointed by the domicile public of the state.