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Capital of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh Capital Name: Raipur

Raipur is the state capital of Chhattisgarh in India, as well as the administrative centre of the Raipur district and the Raipur division. Raipur is also the state’s largest city. Before the state of Chhattisgarh was founded on November 1, 2000, Raipur was a part of Madhya Pradesh. It has experienced rapid industrial growth and has emerged as a significant economic hub in Central India. According to the Swachh Survekshan for the year 2021, it is India’s 6th cleanest city.

Read: Capital of Assam

Chhattisgarh Capital City: Raipur New Name

Atal Nagar is new name of raipur. The earliest archaeological evidence from old settlements and fort ruins suggests Raipur has been since the 9th century, and there is also adequate literary evidence to identify Raipur’s history since the Maurya Empire. Raipur was then the capital of the Haihaya Kings for a long period, before being ruled by the Satawahana Kings till the 2nd-3rd century CE, and then by the Nala Kings in the 5th and 6th centuries. Somavanshi rulers eventually took control of the region. For a long time, the Kalchuri Kings of Tumman ruled over this region, and King Ramachandra of this dynasty founded Raipur and made it the capital of his empire. Another legend about Raipur claims that the city was founded by King Ramachandra’s son, whose capital was Khalwatika, but the newly built city was named Raipur after Brahmdeo Rai. The territory was taken over by the British government after Raghuji the III died, and Chhattisgarh was declared a distinct Commission. Its headquarters were established in Raipur in 1854, and the Raipur district was included in the Central Provinces and Berar following independence. On November 1, 1956, the Raipur district was annexed by Madhya Pradesh. On November 1, 2000, it was annexed by Chhattisgarh, with Raipur serving as the new state’s capital.

Read: Capital of Gujarat

Capital of Chhattisgarh Raipur: Geography and climate

Raipur is situated in the heart of a vast plain. It is sometimes referred to as India’s “rice bowl.” The Mahanadi River passes through Raipur to the east. The Maikal Hills are located to the north of Raipur. The ground rises in the north and merges with the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The Deccan Plateau is located to the south of Raipur.
Raipur has a tropical climate with both wet and dry seasons. The weather is mild throughout the year, with the exception of March to June, when it can be extremely hot. During the summer, there are also dry and hot breezes. During the monsoon season, the city receives roughly 1,300 mm of rain. Winters are warm and last from November to January. Lows of 5 °C are possible, making it a chilly day.

Read: Capital of Bhutan

Chhattisgarh Capital in Hindi

रायपुर भारत में छत्तीसगढ़ राज्य की राजधानी है, साथ ही रायपुर जिले और रायपुर मंडल का प्रशासनिक केंद्र भी है। रायपुर राज्य का सबसे बड़ा शहर भी है। 1 नवंबर 2000 को छत्तीसगढ़ राज्य की स्थापना से पहले, रायपुर मध्य प्रदेश का एक हिस्सा था। इसने तेजी से औद्योगिक विकास का अनुभव किया है और मध्य भारत में एक महत्वपूर्ण आर्थिक केंद्र के रूप में उभरा है। वर्ष 2021 के स्वच्छ सर्वेक्षण के अनुसार, यह भारत का छठा सबसे स्वच्छ शहर है।

रायपुर का नया नाम अटल नगर है। पुरानी बस्तियों और किले के खंडहरों से सबसे पहले पुरातात्विक साक्ष्य से पता चलता है कि रायपुर 9वीं शताब्दी से है, और मौर्य साम्राज्य के बाद से रायपुर के इतिहास की पहचान करने के लिए पर्याप्त साहित्यिक सबूत भी हैं। दूसरी-तीसरी शताब्दी ईस्वी तक सातवाहन राजाओं द्वारा शासित होने से पहले, और फिर 5वीं और 6वीं शताब्दी में नल राजाओं द्वारा शासित होने से पहले रायपुर एक लंबी अवधि के लिए हैहया राजाओं की राजधानी थी। सोमवंशी शासकों ने अंततः इस क्षेत्र पर नियंत्रण कर लिया। लंबे समय तक तुम्मान के कलचुरी राजाओं ने इस क्षेत्र पर शासन किया और इस वंश के राजा रामचंद्र ने रायपुर की स्थापना की और इसे अपने साम्राज्य की राजधानी बनाया। रायपुर के बारे में एक अन्य किंवदंती का दावा है कि शहर की स्थापना राजा रामचंद्र के पुत्र ने की थी, जिनकी राजधानी खलवाटिका थी, लेकिन नवनिर्मित शहर का नाम ब्रह्मदेव राय के नाम पर रायपुर रखा गया था। रघुजी तृतीय की मृत्यु के बाद ब्रिटिश सरकार ने इस क्षेत्र पर कब्जा कर लिया था और छत्तीसगढ़ को एक अलग आयोग घोषित किया गया था। इसका मुख्यालय रायपुर में 1854 में स्थापित किया गया था, और रायपुर जिले को स्वतंत्रता के बाद मध्य प्रांत और बरार में शामिल किया गया था। 1 नवंबर 1956 को रायपुर जिले को मध्य प्रदेश में मिला लिया गया था। 1 नवंबर 2000 को, इसे छत्तीसगढ़ द्वारा कब्जा कर लिया गया था, रायपुर नए राज्य की राजधानी के रूप में कार्यरत था।

छत्तीसगढ़ की राजधानी रायपुर: भूगोल और जलवायु

रायपुर एक विशाल मैदान के मध्य में स्थित है। इसे कभी-कभी भारत का “चावल का कटोरा” कहा जाता है। महानदी पूर्व में रायपुर से होकर गुजरती है। मैकाल पहाड़ियाँ रायपुर के उत्तर में स्थित हैं। जमीन उत्तर में उगती है और छोटा नागपुर पठार के साथ विलीन हो जाती है। दक्कन का पठार रायपुर के दक्षिण में स्थित है।
रायपुर में आर्द्र और शुष्क दोनों मौसमों के साथ उष्णकटिबंधीय जलवायु है। मार्च से जून के अपवाद के साथ, पूरे वर्ष मौसम हल्का रहता है, जब यह अत्यधिक गर्म हो सकता है। गर्मियों के दौरान, शुष्क और गर्म हवाएं भी होती हैं। मानसून के मौसम के दौरान, शहर में लगभग 1,300 मिमी बारिश होती है। सर्दियाँ गर्म होती हैं और नवंबर से जनवरी तक रहती हैं। न्यूनतम तापमान 5 डिग्री सेल्सियस हो सकता है, जिससे दिन सर्द हो जाएगा।

Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is a landlocked state in the Central Indian region. On November 1, 2000, Chhattisgarh was granted statehood after previously being a part of Madhya Pradesh. It is India’s ninth-largest state. The state of Chhattisgarh covers 135,192 square kilometres. It has a population of almost 30 million people as of 2021.
The state was created when ten Chhattisgarhi and six Gondi-speaking districts in Madhya Pradesh were divided. Raipur is the country’s capital. It is surrounded by seven states. It is divided into 32 districts.
Chhattisgarh is one of India’s fastest-growing states. Chhattisgarh is a resource-rich state that supplies energy, coal, and steel to the rest of the country.
With more than 100 Urban Local Bodies, it received the title of cleanest state again in 2021.

Read: Capital of Uttar Pradesh

Chhattisgarh Capital: Culture

Many religious groups exist in the state, including Satnampanth, Kabirpanth, Ramnami Samaj, and others. Champaran is a small town with religious significance as the birthplace of the Saint Vallabhacharya, and it is becoming increasingly popular as a pilgrimage destination for Gujaratis.
Chhattisgarh plays an important role in Lord Rama’s life. Lord Rama had begun his Vanvas (exile) in the Bastar, which was then known as Dandakarayna, with his wife Sita and younger brother Lakshmana. Shivrinarayan, which is located near the Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh and was named after an elderly lady named Shabari, is another noteworthy location.
Odia culture is prevalent in eastern Chhattisgarh, which borders Odisha.
Chhattisgarh is a treasure trove of literature, music, and crafts. Themes such as religion, mythology, social and political events, nature, and folklore are popular. Painting, woodcarving, bell metal craft, bamboo ware, and tribal jewellery are examples of traditional crafts. Chhattisgarh has a rich literary tradition, and its literature reflects regional consciousness and the development of a separate identity from the rest of Central India.
“Kosa silk” and “Dhokra or Bell metal art” are popular in Chhattisgarh.
Bastar Dussehra/ Durga Puja, Bastar Lokotsav, Madai Festival, Rajim Kumbh Mela, and Pakhanjore Mela are all major events in Chhattisgarh.

Read: Capital of Andra Pradesh

Chhattisgarh: Tourism

Chhattisgarh is a state in central India with a rich cultural legacy and beautiful natural diversity. Ancient structures, unique wildlife, ornately carved temples, Buddhist sites, palaces, rivers, caverns, rock paintings, and hill plateaus abound in this state.
Chhattisgarh’s Mainpat is a miniature Shimla.
In Chhattisgarh, there are numerous waterfalls, hot springs, caverns, temples, dams, national parks, tiger reserves, and wildlife sanctuaries.
Raipur is also home to India’s first man-made forest safari.

FAQs on Capital of Chhattisgarh

What is Chhattisgarh’s true capital?

Raipur is the state capital.

Chandigarh is the capital of which state?

The capital of the region as well as the states of Haryana and Punjab is Chandigarh.

What is the name of India’s capital?

India’s capital is New Delhi.

What is the name of Uttar Pradesh’s capital?

Uttar Pradesh’s capital is Lucknow.

Who is Chhattisgarh’s current chief minister?

Chhattisgarh’s current chief minister is Bhupesh Baghel.

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