The 11 Fundamental Duties of Indian Citizens: Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, and Fundamental Duties’ are parts of the Indian Constitution that spell out the states’ fundamental obligations to its inhabitants, as well as the citizens’ duties and rights to the state. These parts are regarded as essential to the constitution, which was drafted by the Constituent Assembly of India between 1947 and 1949.
The Fundamental Duties are described as all citizens’ moral duties to contribute to the promotion of patriotism and the preservation of India’s unity. Individuals and the nation are both affected by the obligations outlined in Part IV–A of the Constitution. They, like the Directive Principles, are not enforceable by courts until legislative law makes them so.
Read About: Fundamental Rights
|List of Particulars||Fundamental Duties of Indian Citizens|
|Covered In||Part IV A, Article 51 –A|
|Borrowed from Country||USSR (Russia)|
|Amendment in Constitution||42nd Amendment 1976, introduced Article 51 A in the constitution|
|Recommended by||Mr.Swaran Singh Committee.|
|Numbers||Originally -10 duties Now -11 duties (added bye 86th Amendment ACT, 2002)|
|List of Fundamental Duties||
Fundamental Duties in Indian Citizens: A look at the history
The Indian independence movement aimed to attain the principles of liberty and social welfare as the aims of an independent Indian state, which gave birth to the Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles. Civil rights were an essential component of the Indian independence struggle, with one of the INC’s goals being to eliminate discrimination between British rulers and their Indian people. Between 1917 and 1919, the INC adopted resolutions that expressly stated this desire. Indians’ rights to equality before the law, free expression, and jury trials were among the claims made in these resolutions.
The 1946 Cabinet Mission to India suggested a Constituent Assembly that would create a Constitution for India as part of the power transition process during the last phases of the British Raj. According to the Cabinet Mission’s concept, the Assembly would have an Advisory Committee that would counsel it on the nature and scope of basic rights, minorities’ protection, and tribal governance. As a result, the Advisory Committee was established. In February 1947, a twelve-member subcommittee on Fundamental Rights was established under the chairmanship of J. B. Kripalani. By April 1947, the subcommittee had finished drafting the Fundamental Rights and had presented its report to the Committee. Later that month, the Committee presented it to the Assembly, which debated and reviewed the rights over the next year, eventually adopting most of the versions by December 1948. The Directive Ideas, which were also prepared by the subcommittee on Fundamental Rights, espoused the socialist concepts of the Indian independence struggle and were influenced by comparable principles in the Irish Constitution. The 42nd Amendment, which was ratified in 1976, adds the Fundamental Duties to the Constitution.
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List of 11 Fundamental Duties of Indian Citizens
The 11 fundamental duties of Indian Citizen are:
- Respect the national flag and national anthem while adhering to the Constitution.
- Adhere to the principles of the freedom struggle.
- India’s sovereignty and integrity must be safeguarded.
- When called upon, defend the country and provide national duties.
- A spirit of brotherhood
- Keep the composite culture alive.
- Protect the natural environment.
- Develop a scientific mindset.
- Keep public property safe.
- Strive for excellence.
- It is the responsibility of all parents and guardians to send their children aged 6 to 14 to school.
FAQs on The Fundamental Duties of Indian Citizens
How many fundamental duties are there?
The Indian constitution lists 11 fundamental duties.
What are Indian citizen’s fundamental duties?
Some of the moral obligations and duties listed in the constitution are basic duties as an Indian citizen.
What are the most important fundamental rights?
Right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational rights, and right to constitutional remedies are the core fundamental rights.
What is the Constitution’s Article 21?
‘Protection of Life and Personal Liberty’ is stated in Article 21 of the Indian Constitution.
What is the purpose of Fundamental Rights?
Fundamental Rights safeguard liberties and freedoms from governmental intrusion, preventing the formation of authoritarian and dictatorial control in the country. They are critical for the overall development of people as well as the country.