Uttar Pradesh | History, Borders, Capital & Population_00.1
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Uttar Pradesh | History, Borders, Capital & Population

The capital of Uttar Pradesh is “Lucknow“.Uttar Pradesh is the fourth largest and most populous state in India. The largest state in India is Rajasthan. Uttar Pradesh is situated in the north-central part of India.

 

Uttar Pradesh: History

Uttar Pradesh is popular due to its culture and rich heritage. Ayodhya and Mathura reside in Uttar Pradesh. Both of Ayodhya and Mathura are famous as it is the birthplaces of Lord Rama and Lord Krishna.

Historically, the state was ruled by the Mughals. Later, it was captured and ruled by the British. The British captured Agra and Oudh, combined them, and renamed it is “United province of Agra and Oudh”.

In January 1950, as the state attained freedom with the rest of India, it regained its original state and came to be known as Uttar Pradesh, which means a state in the North of India. The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts. The judicial capital of the state is “Allahabad”.

The state was previously known for sugar production. Recently, the maximum economy of the state depends upon the service industry. The state lists the second position for the economy in India. The service industry includes services like travel, tourism, hotel industry, and insurance.

 

Uttar Pradesh: Border

Uttar Pradesh lies in the center with one country and more than 3 states covering it on all sides. In the north, the state of Uttar Pradesh has borders with Uttarakhand and Nepal, Jharkhand and Chattisgarh to the southeast, Madhya Pradesh in the south, along with Rajasthan, Haryana, and Delhi on the west.

 

Capital of Uttar Pradesh: History of Lucknow

On January 26, 1950, after India attained a republic, the state of Uttar Pradesh was awarded the present name of “Uttar Pradesh”. Uttar means north and Pradesh means a state in Hindi. It together means Northern State. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh.

 

Area and Population of Uttar Pradesh

The total area of Uttar Pradesh is 93,933 square miles with a population of 241 million as of Aug 6th, 2021. The population of Uttar Pradesh is 20.42 crores (2012).

 

About the Physiography of Uttar Pradesh (UP)

According to physiography, Lucknow is the capital city of the state of Uttar Pradesh and can be divided into two parts, the first part being the Ganges and the second part being the southern uplands. The majority of the population in Uttar Pradesh resides in the first part known as the Ganges.

The land of the Ganges is fertile and suitable for constructing homes, and fertile for sowing seeds. People reside in this part from ancient times. This is a populated region and is busy mostly during the day.

The southern uplands are at a higher altitude and not suitable for residing. This is a part of the Vindhya Range.
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Rivers and Farming in Uttar Pradesh

The state is adequately filled with rivers from all sides. The biggest one is the Ganges and its tributaries – the Yamuna, the Ramganga, the Goamti, the Ghaghara, and the Gandak Rivers.

The Chambal, Betwa, and the Ken along with the Son River are a part of the state rivers. People can easily use the water for daily use along with farming. Farming is done by the majority section in Uttar Pradesh. The soil is mixed with red and black soil which is the best for cultivation.

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The Climate of Uttar Pradesh

The overall climate of Uttar Pradesh is tropical monsoon type. In summers the temperature is around 35 degrees Celsius to 40 degrees Celsius. During winters, it is colder with the lowest up to 10 degrees Celsius.

The weather is bearable and comfortable. During monsoons, people wear clothes of full length to avoid catching a cold. At nights during monsoons, the weather is just pleasant and people love to enjoy sitting with family. The state also faces drought once a year.

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State Animals and Trees of Uttar Pradesh

Animals in Uttar Pradesh include tigers, lions, elephants, Wild boars, and Deer. You can also spot pigeons, wild duck, woodpecker, duck, and quails. Plants in Uttar Pradesh are mostly forests having a variety of fruit trees and bamboos.

 

List of Largest Cities in Uttar Pradesh

Some of the largest cities of the state are “Agra”, “Kanpur”, “Prayagraj”, and “Varanasi”. These cities are well connected with the remaining ones through proper transport communication. They also have the wholesales of fruit markets and essentials.

Commodities are shared throughout the state by roads. The highways are well built with proper street lights.

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Uttar Pradesh: Architecture

The homes built during ancient times were of mud, with straws and wood as the roof. Recently, cement plasters are used and all of the villages are well connected to the nearby cities in Uttar Pradesh.

Electricity is sufficiently available in most areas. People mostly reside on the plains with nearby markets for essential buy.

 

People of Uttar Pradesh

The people of Uttar Pradesh are most friendly and loving. They will consider you as family members even if you visit them for a day. Guests are taken special care of. The dressing sense and education are at par with other states of India.

Yogi Adityanath of the Bharatiya Janata Party is serving as the incumbent chief minister of Uttar Pradesh.

Also Read: Capital of Karnataka

How to Reach Uttar Pradesh

People all over India or from abroad can reach Uttar by using three means namely, Air, Water, and Land ways. Check them below.

 

How to Reach Uttar Pradesh: Air

The state of Uttar Pradesh currently has two international airports. One is at Varanasi (Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport) and the other is at Lucknow (Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport), which is the capital of the state.

 

How to Reach Uttar Pradesh: Water

The state of Uttar Pradesh is surrounded by rivers. You can travel through the largest river of them all, the Ganges. The tributaries of the Ganges like the Yamuna, the Ramganga, the Goamti, the Ghaghara, and the Gandak can also be used for commutation.

 

How to Reach Uttar Pradesh: Land

There are 48 National Highways that pass through the state of Uttar Pradesh. The state is well connected to all the other Indian states through the National Highways. The state has 115 bus depots which are distributed in the different cities of the state.

 

FAQ’s for Uttar Pradesh

Where is Uttar Pradesh located?

Uttar Pradesh is located in the north-central part of India.

What is the literacy rate of Uttar Pradesh?

69.72% is the literacy rate of Uttar Pradesh.

What is the meaning of Uttar Pradesh?

Uttar means North and Pradesh mean state in Hindi. Together it means Northern state.

What is the current population of Uttar Pradesh?

The current population of Uttar Pradesh is 241 million as of Aug 6th, 2021.

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