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Sarojini Naidu: Biography, Poems, Books

Sarojini Naidu Essay

Sarojini Naidu was a political leader, poet other than that she became the first Indian woman president of the Indian National Congress, and not only that she had become the first woman to be Indian state governor of Uttar Pradesh From 15th August 1947 to 2nd March 1949. Sarojini Naidu is also known as “the Nightingale of India.” She was born in Hyderabad and died in Lucknow due to cardiac arrest. In this article, we will discuss the journey of Sarojini Naidu. Stay tuned with us and read the complete article to know all the details about Sarojini Naidu. Bookmark this page to get all the latest updates regarding related articles. 

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Sarojini Naidu Biography

Sarojini Naidu was born on 13th February 1879, in Hyderabad, India. Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, her father, was a Bengali Brahmin and the principal of Hyderabad’s Nizam’s College. She went to Madras, London, and Cambridge for her education. She rose to national prominence when she enrolled in Madras University at the age of twelve. When Sarojini Naidu was 16 years old, she went to England to study at King’s College London, and later she studied at Girton College, Cambridge. When Sarojini Naidu was in England, she took active participation in the Suffragette movement. The poets Arthur Simon and Edmond Gauss encouraged her to write about India’s environment, temples, and people in her work in England as well. She met Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu when she was 17 years old and fell in love with him while still in England. Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu was from the state of Andhra Pradesh. They married in Madras in the year 1898. 

Sarojini Naidu as a Political Activist 

  1. She became active in the Indian independence movement after the partition of Bengal in 1905. 
  2. She took up the cause of the Chappel Head Indigo workers after meeting Jawaharlal Nehru in 1916. 
  3. Between 1903 and 1917, Sarojini came in contact with Jawaharlal Nehru, Ramaswami Iyer, Mohandas Gandhi Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, and Rabindranath Tagore.
  4. She helped found the Women’s Indian Association (WIA) to push for the female franchise in 1917.  
  5. From 1915 to 1918, she spoke throughout India on women’s freedom, youth welfare, labor dignity, and nationalism. 
  6. She led a women’s group to meet with the British Secretary of State for India, who was visiting India, on 15th December 1917 to demand women’s rights and a vote. 
  7. The delegation informed the Minister that women were becoming more aware of their civic responsibilities. In the INC session held in Bombay in August 1918, Sarojini Naidu talked about women’s rights.
  8. In March 1919, the British government approved the Rowlatt Act, which made it unlawful to possess seditious writings. 
  9. In July 1919, Naidu was chosen as the Home Rule League’s envoy to England, where the Government of India Act 1919 was passed, establishing a legislative assembly with just 93 elected representatives. It did not allow woman to cast their votes. 
  10.  In July 1920, she returned to India, and on 1st August 1920, Mahatma Gandhi launched the Non-Cooperation Movement. 
  11. She was one of the two delegates to the Indian National Congress at the East African Indian Congress in January 1924.

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Sarojini Naidu Poems in English

Sarojini Naidu was a well-known poet in India. The Golden Threshold, her first book of poems, was released in 1905. Many notable Indian politicians, such as Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and a substantial portion of the Indian population liked her poems. The Feather of the Dawn, a compilation of her poetry, was compiled and published posthumously in 1961. In the below table, we have given her some of the most famous poems.

List of Sarojini Naidu Poems 
  • Life
  • Street Cries
  • Suttee
  • The Illusion of Love
  • The Indian Gipsy
  • In The Forest
  • Indian Dancer
  • The Bangle Sellers
  • The Queen’s Rival
  • To A Buddha Seated On A Lotus
  • To India
  • To My Children
  • To My Fairy Fancies
  • The Royal Tombs Of Golconda
  • The Snake Charmer
  • The Song Of Princess Zeb-Un-Nissa In Praise Of Her Own Beauty
  • The Soul’s Prayer
  • To The God of Pain
  • To Youth
  • Transcience
  • Village Song
  • The Pardah Nashin
  • The Poet To Death
  • The Poet’s Love-Song
  • Wandering Singers
  • An Indian Love Song
  • Autumn Song
  • Corn Grinders
  • Cradle Song
  • A Love Song from the North
  • A Rajput Love Song
  • Alabaster
  • Coromandel Fishers
  • Humayun To Zobeida (From the Urdu)
  • In Praise Of Henna
  • Damayante To Nala In The Hour Of Exile
  • Ecstasy
  • Harvest Hym
  • In Salutation to the Eternal Peace
  • Nightfall In The City Of Hyderabad
  • Ode to H.H. The Nizam Of Hyderabad
  • Palanquin Bearers
  • In The Bazaars of Hyderabad
  • Indian Dancers
  • My Dead Dream
  • Past and Future
  • Song Of A Dream
  • Indian Love Song
  • Indian Weavers
  • Leili

Sarojini Naidu Poems in Hindi

सरोजिनी नायडू कविताएं

सरोजिनी नायडू भारत की एक प्रसिद्ध कवयित्री थीं। द गोल्डन थ्रेशोल्ड, उनकी कविताओं की पहली पुस्तक, 1905 में जारी की गई थी। गोपाल कृष्ण गोखले जैसे कई उल्लेखनीय भारतीय राजनेताओं और भारतीय आबादी के एक बड़े हिस्से ने उनकी कविताओं को पसंद किया। द फेदर ऑफ द डॉन, उनकी कविता का संकलन, 1961 में मरणोपरांत संकलित और प्रकाशित किया गया था। नीचे दी गई तालिका में, हमने उन्हें कुछ सबसे प्रसिद्ध कविताएँ दी हैं।

सरोजिनी नायडू की कविताओं की सूची

जिंदगी
स्ट्रीट क्रीज
सती
प्यार का भ्रम
भारतीय जिप्सी
जंगल में
भारतीय नर्तकी
चूड़ी बेचने वाले
रानी के प्रतिद्वंद्वी
कमल पर बैठे बुद्ध को
भारत को
मेरे बच्चों को
मेरी परी कल्पनाओं के लिए
गोलकुंडा के शाही मकबरे
द स्नेक चार्मर
राजकुमारी ज़ेब-उन-निसा का गीत अपनी सुंदरता की प्रशंसा में
आत्मा की प्रार्थना
दर्द के देवता के लिए
युवाओं के लिए
भंगुरता
गांव सोंग
परदा नशीनी
मौत के लिए कवि
कवि का प्रेम-गीत
भटकते गायक
एक भारतीय प्रेम गीत
शरद गीत
मकई की चक्की
लोरी
उत्तर से एक प्रेम गीत
एक राजपूत प्रेम गीत
सिलखड़ी
कोरोमंडल फिशर्स
हुमायूँ से ज़ोबेदा (उर्दू से)
मेंहदी की स्तुति में
निर्वासन की घड़ी में दमयंते नल को
परमानंद
हार्वेस्ट हाइमो
शाश्वत शांति के अभिवादन में
हैदराबाद शहर में रात
H.H. हैदराबाद के निजाम को ओड
पालकी वाहक
हैदराबाद के बाज़ारों में
भारतीय नर्तक
माई डेड ड्रीम
भूत और भविष्य
एक सपने का गीत
भारतीय प्रेम गीत
भारतीय बुनकर

Sarojini Naidu Books

Below we have given the list of some most famous books written by Sarojini Naidu. Check out the books listed below:

  1. The Golden Threshold – With a Chapter from ‘Studies of Contemporary Poets’ by Mary C. Sturgeon
  2. Ideas of a Nation: Sarojini Naidu
  3. Speeches and Writings of Sarojini Naidu – Primary Source Edition
  4. Sarojini Naidu, selected letters, 1890s to 1940s
  5. Mahatma Gandhi: His Life, Writings and Speeches
  6. Palanquin Bearers
  7. The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring

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FAQs on Sarojini Naidu: Biography, Poems, Books

Q. was Sarojini Naidu Indian?

Yes, Sarojini Naidu was Indian, she was born in Hyderabad, India.

Q. What was Sarojini Naidu famous for?

Sarojini Naidu was a political leader, poet other than that she became the first Indian woman president of the INC(Indian National Congress), and not only that she had become the first woman to be Indian state governor, she governed Uttar Pradesh from 15th August 1947 to 2nd March 1949. 

Q. Why Sarojini Naidu is known as the Nightingale of India?

Sarojini Naidu was a political activist, and she was a great poet. She is known as the Nightingale of India because of her poetry. 

Q. How many languages did Sarojini Naidu know?

Sarojini Naidu knew 5 languages i.e. English, Hindi, Telugu, Bengali, Persian, and Urdu.

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