Biotic and Abiotic: Any living component that impacts another organism or shapes the environment is referred to as a biotic component or biotic factor. This applies to both animals who eat other creatures in their habitat and the organism that is eaten. Human impact, infections, and disease outbreaks are all examples of biotic factors. To function properly, each biotic element needs the right quantity of energy and nourishment.
The word biotic is made up of two terms: “bio” refers to a live organism, and “ic” refers to something similar, hence they are referred to as living organisms when used together. As a result, biotic components might alternatively be described as all live species found on the planet.
Abiotic components, also known as abiotic factors in biology and ecology, are non-living chemical and physical elements of the environment that have an impact on live organisms and ecosystem function. Abiotic variables and the events they cause are fundamental to biology as a whole.
They are important in forming ecosystems because the interaction of biotic and abiotic variables is required for ecosystem stability.
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Difference between Biotic and Abiotic Components
Biotic factors have an impact on nearly all species in some form. The entire food chain would be affected if the number of predators increased, as any prey falling below that specific predator in the food chain would become prey. If the predator does not give the prey enough time to repopulate, not only the prey but also the predator may become endangered and extinct. In contrast to a decline in population size, if a species reproduces too quickly, it will result in an increase in population size, which will have an impact on the ecosystem.
Whereas, Physical factors and non-living resources that affect live creatures’ growth, maintenance, and reproduction are referred to as abiotic components. Resources are substances or items in the environment that are needed by one creature but are consumed or otherwise inaccessible to other organisms.
Moreover, both of these elements are interdependent. Assume if one of the two is eliminated or altered, the ecosystem as a whole will be affected. Abiotic factors, without a doubt, have a direct impact on organism survival.
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Biotic and Abiotic: Examples
All of the living components in an ecosystem are examples of biotic resources. Producers, consumers, decomposers, and detritivores are among them. All flora and fauna are examples of biotic resources.
Abiotic examples are often dependent on the ecosystem type. Abiotic components in a terrestrial ecosystem, for example, include air, weather, water, temperature, humidity, altitude, soil pH, soil type, and more. Water salinity, oxygen levels, pH levels, water flow rate, water depth, and temperature are all biotic examples in an aquatic ecosystem.
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What are the biotic and abiotic environmental factors?
The two fundamental components that shape the environment are biotic and abiotic. All living beings in an ecosystem are referred to as biotic factors, whereas non-living components such as physical circumstances are referred to as abiotic factors. Abiotic factors include things like temperature, pH, humidity, salinity, and sunlight.
In science, what does abiotic mean?
Abiotic factors are non-living components of an ecosystem that influence its surroundings. Temperature, light, and water are examples of variables in a terrestrial environment. A unique ecosystem is created by the interaction of abiotic and biotic forces.
Is oxygen a biotic or an abiotic element?
For most living creatures, oxygen (O2), like water, is a crucial abiotic element.
Is sand a biotic or abiotic substance?
Non-living things that are present in an ecosystem and have an impact on both the ecosystem and its surroundings are known as abiotic factors. The sun, rocks, water, and sand are examples of abiotic factors. Living species that have an impact on other living organisms are known as biotic factors.
Is it true that clouds are abiotic?
Clouds are abiotic because they are non-living.