Who Invented Exams in world
Who invented exams– The concept of exams was invented in the late 19th century by an American businessman named Henry Fischel. The first-ever exam was conducted in China and it was the first country to adopt the concept of exams. The first exam conducted by China was known as the Imperial Examination. Examination means to observe, assess, inspect or study a subject. These are conducted by scholars of a particular subject or by scientists or researchers. In today’s world, we know exams as a test to assess a people’s understanding of a particular subject.
Who Invented Exams in- History
- Imperial Examination- The history of exams is different all around the world. The first country to accept the concept of exams was China. The government organized an assessment known as the Imperial Examination. The exam was introduced by the Sui dynasty. This exam was to assess the potential candidates by merit and if the candidates qualify the exams they were given a chance to be a part of government officials groups under the leadership of Emperor Yang of Sui.
- Civil services exam- England followed this and adopted the examination system in 1806. The examination was to assess the potential candidates to serve in Her Majesty’s Civil Service.
- Cambridge Assessment- In the late 19th century Universities like Oxford and Cambridge were approached by England to make tests a standardized process for males in the country. On December 14, 1958, the first Cambridge Assessment was taken by the students in schools and churches. The subjects included were English, mathematics, history, Latin, German, French, Latin, and geography.
Exams in India- Introduction
In 1853, exams were introduced in India. Earlier, the civil servants were appointed by the East India Company directors, which was also based on nominations. In 1853, the parliament of England abolished the system of nominations. Therefore, the civil servants were selected based on exams. Every year, the exams were conducted in London. The candidates were also required to pass the horse-riding test which was a compulsory part of the examination. The downfall of the East India Company led to the rise of the British Civil Service which took over the responsibilities. The Indian civil service exams were conducted simultaneously in both India and England, which was achieved after the implementation of social reforms Like the Public Service commission and the house of commission resolution.
Types of Exams in India
There are several exams in India for every job, institute, or organization. Few exams are conducted by the government and few of them are conducted by private organizations. In any educational sector like school, the important exams are higher secondary and senior secondary exams. There are competitive exams for further studies and to get into our desired college. There are different exams for private and government exams. The most common examples are Joint Entrance Exam (JEE) for engineering, and the National Entrance cum Eligibility Test (NEET). There are many other types of exams which are listed below.
- Civil Services examination- It is a national-level competitive examination in India. It is the top civil service of the Government of India. The candidates who qualify for the test are given various posts or ranks in Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Administrative Service (IAS), etc. It is conducted by UPSC.
- SSC- Staff selection commission, It is a national level examination conducted once a year in four stages. Tier I, II, III, and IV. SSC recruits for several government posts like railways, the Ministry of External Affairs, etc.
- NDA- National Defence Academy Examination, Conducted for recruitment of candidates for Army, Navy, and air force. Candidates with subjects like physics, chemistry, and mathematics in their graduation can apply for the examination. This exam is also conducted by UPSC.
- JEE- Joint Entrance Examination, is a national-level examination conducted by the National Testing Agency. Candidates can take this test for taking admission to various engineering and architecture courses in India.
- NEET- National Eligibility cum Entrance Test, It is conducted all over India for the candidates to take admission in various MBBS/BDS courses. This test is conducted once a year. The candidates with Biology, chemistry, physics, and English in their 12th can apply for these exams.
- CEED- Common Entrance Examination for Design, Conducted by IIT Bombay once a year. Candidate with a graduate degree in BE/B.Tech/B.Arch can apply for these exams. The candidates qualified for this exam can enroll for a Master’s degree in Design and Ph.D.
- CAT- Common Admission Test, is a national level examination that is conducted once a year. It is conducted by the India Institute of Management for admission
- GATE- Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering, It is conducted for admissions into various engineering courses including undergraduate and post-graduate. It is one of the toughest exams in India.
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Who Invented Exams in India?- FAQ’s
- In which year exams were invented and by Whom?
Exams were invented by Henry Fischel in the late 19th
- What was the first Standardized exam?
The first standardized exam was the Imperial Exam conducted in Sui Dynasty in China. China was the first country to adopt the concept of an examination.
- What is the use of exams?
Exams are used to assess the potential of candidates for a particular subject. It tests their knowledge and capability.