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Tropic of Cancer in India, Map, Degree, Indian States

Tropic of Cancer in India

8 Indian states in all were along the path of the Tropic of Cancer in India. The Tropic of Cancer in India is an imaginary line that runs through the nation’s center and to the north of the equator. The Northern Tropic is another name for the Tropic of Cancer (named 2000 years ago). The location of the Tropic of Cancer is 23°26′13.4′′ north of the Equator. The Sun can be nearly vertical at this circle of latitude, which is the farthest north on Earth. The June solstice, when the Northern Hemisphere is at its most slanted towards the Sun, is when this mostly occurs. Sunlight strikes the Tropic of Cancer perpendicularly on June 21, which is the Summer Solstice and Earth becomes at its hottest point because of it. And on December 21, the same thing takes place on the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere and that is the Winter Solstice.

Tropic of Cancer India

The Tropic of Capricorn is located at 23.5 degrees south latitude and the Tropic of Cancer is located at 23.5 degrees north. The equator is the circle in which the sun is directly overhead at noon. The Sun will not be visible from the Arctic Circle when it is directly over the Tropic of Capricorn at noon. The Tropics of Capricorn and Cancer were defined since they are both locations within the hemisphere where the sun can be exactly perpendicular.

On the globe, illusionary lines have been drawn to determine the geographic area or position of any point on the earth’s surface. These fictitious lines are known as latitude and longitude lines. Latitude lines are imaginary lines drawn from west to east on a globe. As we get closer to the poles, the length of latitude shortens everywhere. The five major lines are the Equator, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic Line, and Antarctic Line.

Tropic of Cancer in India Map

The Tropic of Cancer in India Map runs through eight states on the country’s main territory between latitudes of 84N and 376N and longitudes of 687E and 9725E. The Cancer Tropic cuts through 17 nations, 3 continents, and 6 bodies of water. The eight Indian states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, and Mizoram are located along the Tropic of Cancer in India in the prescribed order. See the below image to get more clarity about the position of the Tropic of Cancer in India.

Tropic of Cancer in India Map, Degree, Indian States_3.1

Tropic of Cancer in India’s Nearest City

The Indian city nearest to the Tropic of Cancer in India is Udaipur in the state of Tripura. Although being in northeastern India, the nearest city to the Tropic of Cancer Udaipur has a hot climate. The closest city to the Tropic of Cancer in India is known for having the Tripura Sundari Temple which was once the seat of the Maharajas of Tripura. When it comes to hot spots in the northeast, Mizoram is a strong competitor with the rest of the nation and the reason is the Tropic of Cancer. Champhai lies along the Tropic of Cancer on the border between India and Burma and the town is significantly hot as well but charming.

Tropic of Cancer Degree and Mahi River (Kandana Dam)

The Tropic of Cancer is a hypothetical line that cuts through the center of India at an angle of 23.50 degrees (Tropic of Cancer Degree) North from the Equator. The Mahi River is the only river in India to cross the Tropic of Cancer twice, once in Madhya Pradesh before flowing into Rajasthan and then again when it enters Gujarat. The Mahi River flows through the Madhya Pradesh states of Dhar and Jhabua, enters Rajasthan’s Banswara, then flows through Gujarat’s Panchmahal before joining the Arabian Sea at the mouth of the Gulf of Khambhat.

Tropic of Cancer: Tropic of Cancer Passes Through Which Indian States?

The Tropic of Cancer lies on the Northern Hemisphere’s 23°30′ north latitude line and it runs across the center of the Indian Mainland. India is split into two regions, North India and South India, by this Tropic of Cancer in India. Tropic of Cancer passes through the eight Indian major states, those are Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Tripura, and Mizoram. Following is a list of the Indian states and cities through which the Tropic of Cancer crosses.

Sl No. State Name City Name Latitude (Degree)
1 Mizoram Champhai 23.45
2 Tripura  Udaipur 23.53
3 West Bengal       Krishnanagar 23.4 
4 Jharkhand      Lohardaga 23.4
5 Chattisgarh    Sonhat 23.47
6  Madhya Pradesh Shajapur   23.43
7 Rajasthan Kalinjarh 23.43
8  Gujarat Jasdan 22.03

 

Tropic of Cancer Countries Name

India is one of the 17 nations that would be on this hypothetical path called the Tropic of Cancer which is drawn around the globe. The Tropic of Cancer crosses Mexico and the Bahamas, two nations in North America. Western Sahara, Mauritania, Mali, Algeria, Niger, Libya, and Egypt are the seven African nations through which the Tropic of Cancer travels. The Tropic of Cancer travels through eight Asian nations, including China, Taiwan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Oman.

Tropic of Cancer in India Map, Degree, Indian States_4.1

Tropic of Cancer West to East: Water Bodies 

Six bodies of water on the planet are located along the Tropic of Cancer from east to west. These bodies of water include the Red Sea, Taiwan Strait, Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, and Gulf of Mexico.

Tropic of Cancer in India’s Political Map

The Tropic of Cancer in India’s Political Map extends westward from Kutch in Gujarat to Serchhip in Mizoram. In West Bengal and Tripura, the Tropic of Cancer also traverses Bangladesh. In India, the city of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh is also where the Tropic of Cancer lies. The Jantar Mantar Mahal, also known as the auditorium erected by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in 1733 in the city of Ujjain at a site called Jaisinghpur on the right bank of Kshipra, was crucial for the study of astronomy.

 

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FAQs

Which city is closest to the Tropic of Cancer in India?

The nearest city to the Tropic of Cancer is Udaipur in Tripura, India.

Why is it called the Tropic of Cancer?

The Tropic of Cancer is the name given to the line at 23°27′ north latitude because on 21st June at the time, the Sun was in the constellation Cancer.

What are the 17 countries that pass through the Tropic of Cancer?

Algeria, Niger, Libya, Egypt, Oman, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Saudi Arabia, Mali, United Arab Emirates, Taiwan, Mexico, Bahamas, and Mauritania are all 16 countries located along the Cancer Tropic.

Why is the Tropic of Cancer special to India?

Tropic of Cancer is responsible for the humidity and hot climate of India because it receives direct sunlight during the summer solstice.

Which State cut Tropic of Cancer?

Gujarat cuts the Tropic of Cancer when it passes through.

What is the Tropic of Cancer also known as ?

The Tropic of Cancer is also known as the Northern Tropic.

About the Author

Hi buds, I am Monisa, a postgraduate in Human Physiology (specialization in Ergonomics and Occupational health) with 1.5 years of experience in the school education sector. With versatile writing skills, I provide educational content to help students find the right path to success in various domains, such as JEE, NEET, CUET, and other entrance exams.

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