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The Mathematical symbols are used in almost every equation in the field of Mathematics. Not only this, the mathematical symbols finds it usefulness in the Physics domain also. The mathematical symbols are used in performing basic calculations to complex calculations. In other words, it can be summarized that the Mathematics is all about numbers, symbols, and formulas. In this article, we will provide students with a list of all the mathematics symbols used along with their name and examples.
Mathematical Symbols
Mathematical symbols are used to perform a variety of operations on numbers or functions. Math symbols have various functions depending on the area of mathematics. Expressions are simpler to understand when mathematical information is represented by symbols because these symbols illustrate the relationship between quantities. Without these math symbols, the subject of Mathematics cannot show its beautiful color.
The mathematical symbols not only refer to different quantities but also represent the relationship between those two mathematical quantities. All the mathematical symbols are generally used to perform mathematical operations under various concepts.
Maths Symbols Meaning
Maths symbols are used to define relationship between the two quantities. The Maths symbols are used to represent mathematical operations, concepts, relationships, and structures. Each Math symbols have their own meaning which can have different logical implementation under different circumstances. The maths symbols are used in different formulas like algebra formulas, geometry formulas, combinatorics formulas, etc.
Mathematical Symbols Name
Some of the basic mathematical symbols with their name has been given in this section. These basic mathematical symbols are + (Addition), – (Subtraction), % (Percentage), etc. It could get complicated if we write “adding 4 to 2 gives 6” over and over. It also takes longer to write and requires more space for these words. Rather, by employing symbols, we may save both time and space.
Symbol  Symbol Name  Math Symbols Meaning  Example 
≠  not equal sign  inequality  10 ≠ 6 
=  equal sign  equality  3 = 1 + 2 
<  strict inequality  less than  7 < 10 
>  strict inequality  greater than  6 > 2 
≤  inequality  less than or equal to  x ≤ y, means, y = x or y > x, but not viceversa. 
≥  inequality  greater than or equal to  a ≥ b, means, a = b or a > b, but viceversa does not hold true. 
[ ]  brackets  calculate expression inside first  [ 2×5] + 7 = 10 + 7 = 17 
( )  parentheses  calculate expression inside first  3 × (3 + 7) = 3 × 10 = 30 
−  minus sign  subtraction  5 − 2 = 3 
+  plus sign  addition  4 + 5 = 9 
∓  minus – plus  both minus and plus operations  1 ∓ 4 = 3 and 5 
±  plus – minus  both plus and minus operations  5 ± 3 = 8 and 2 
×  times sign  multiplication  4 × 3 = 12 
*  asterisk  multiplication  2 * 3 = 6 
÷  division sign / obelus  division  15 ÷ 5 = 3 
∙  multiplication dot  multiplication  2 ∙ 3 = 6 
–  horizontal line  division / fraction  8/2 = 4 
/  division slash  division  6 ⁄ 2 = 3 
mod  modulo  remainder calculation  7 mod 3 = 1 
ab  power  exponent  24 = 16 
.  period  decimal point, decimal separator  4.36 = 4 +(36/100) 
√a  square root  √a · √a = a  √9 = ±3 
a^b  caret  exponent  2 ^ 3 = 8 
4√a  fourth root  4√a ·4√a · 4√a · 4√a = a  4√16= ± 2 
3√a  cube root  3√a ·3√a · 3√a = a  3√343 = 7 
%  percent  1% = 1/100  10% × 30 = 3 
n√a  nth root (radical)  n√a · n√a · · · n times = a  for n=3, n√8 = 2 
ppm  permillion  1 ppm = 1/1000000  10ppm × 30 = 0.0003 
‰  permille  1‰ = 1/1000 = 0.1%  10‰ × 30 = 0.3 
ppt  pertrillion  1ppt = 1012  10ppt × 30 = 3×1010 
ppb  perbillion  1 ppb = 1/1000000000  10 ppb × 30 = 3×10^7 
Check: Trigonometry Chart
Maths Symbols Chart For Geometry
Geometry is a branch of mathematics that deal with the concept of points, 1D, 2D, and 3D figures. Geometry being a branch of mathematics use various symbols for the calculation and notation purposes. Like ∠ sign is used for the representation of angles. The chart of the geometry symbols in Mathematics is given below for students.
Symbol  Symbol Name  Meaning  Example 
∠  formed by two rays  The value of an angle  ∠ABC=30° 
measured angle  ABC=30°  
spherical angle  AOB=30°  
∟  right angle  =90°  α=90° 
°  degree  1 turn=360°  α=60° 
deg  degree  1 turn=360deg  α=60deg 
′  prime  arcminute, 1°=60′  α=60°59′ 
″  double prime  arcsecond, 1′=60″  α=60°59′ 59″ 
—  line  infinite line  
AB  line segment  line from point A to point B  
→  ray  line that start from point A  
⊥  perpendicular  perpendicular lines (90° angle)  AC ⊥ BC 
∥  parallel  parallel lines  AB ∥ CD 
≅  congruent to  equivalence of geometric shapes and size  ∆ABC≅∆XYZ 
∼  similarity  same shapes, not same size  ∆ABC∼∆XYZ 
Δ  triangle  triangle shape  ;ΔABC ≅ΔBCD 
∣x−y∣  distance  distance between points x and y  ∣x−y∣=5 
π  pi constant  π=3.141592654… is the ratio between the circumference and diameter of a circle  c=π⋅d=2⋅π⋅r 
rad  radians  radians angle unit  360°=2π rad 
grad  gradians ∕ gons  grads angle unit  360°;=400 grad 
g  gradians ∕ gons  grads angle unit  360°=400g 
Maths Symbols for Class 12
As the Class 12 Mathematics board exam 2024 is approaching, students must be fully prepared for this exam by having a thorough knowledge of the maths symbols used in class 12. Students are often given questions in the exam which contains many symbols. Examiners do not define the meaning of these symbols to test the knowledge of board students. For this, students must remember the Maths symbols given below.
Symbol  Symbol Name  Math Symbols Meaning  Example 

ε  epsilon  represents a very small number, nearzero  ε → 0 
lim_{x→a}  limit  limit value of a function  lim_{x→a}(3x+1)= 3 × a + 1 = 3a + 1 
y ‘  derivative  derivative – Lagrange’s notation  (5x^{3})’ = 15x^{2} 
e  e constant / Euler’s number  e = 2.718281828…  e = lim (1+1/x)x , x→∞ 
y(n)  nth derivative  n times derivation  nth derivative of 3x^{n} = 3 n (n1)(n2)….(2)(1)= 3n! 
y”  second derivative  derivative of derivative  (4x^{3})” = 24x 
$\begin{array}{l}\frac{{\mathrm{d\xb2y/dx\xb2}}^{}}{}\end{array}$

second derivative  derivative of derivative 
$\begin{array}{l}\frac{{d}^{2}}{\mathrm{dx\xb2}{\mathrm{}}^{}}(6{x}^{3}+{x}^{2}+3x+1)=36x+2\end{array}$

dy/dx  derivative  derivative – Leibniz’s notation 
$\begin{array}{l}\frac{d}{\mathrm{dx}}(5x)=5\end{array}$

$\begin{array}{l}\frac{{\mathrm{dny/dxn}}^{}}{}\end{array}$ 
nth derivative  n times derivation 
$\begin{array}{l}\frac{{\mathrm{$ \begin{array}{l}\frac{{\mathrm{dny/dxn}}^{}}{}\end{array}$({}^{}$ \begin{array}{l}\frac{{\mathrm{xn}}^{}}{}\end{array}$)=\; n!}}^{}}{}\end{array}$ 
$\begin{array}{l}\ddot{y}=\frac{{d}^{2}y}{\mathrm{dt}{}^{2}}\end{array}$

Second derivative of time  derivative of derivative  If y = 4t^{2}, then
$\begin{array}{l}\ddot{y}=\frac{{d}^{2}y}{{\mathrm{dt}}^{2}}=4\frac{{d}^{2}}{{\mathrm{dt}}^{2}}({t}^{2})=8\end{array}$

$\begin{array}{l}\dot{y}\end{array}$

Single derivative of time  derivative by time – Newton’s notation  y = 5t, then
$\begin{array}{l}\dot{y}=\frac{\mathrm{dy}}{\mathrm{dt}}=5\frac{d}{\mathrm{dt}}(t)=5\end{array}$

D^{2}x  second derivative  derivative of derivative  y” + 2y + 1 = 0⇒ D^{2}y + 2Dy + 1 = 0 
Dx  derivative  derivative – Euler’s notation  dy/x – 1 = 0⇒ Dy – 1 = 0 
∫  integral  opposite to derivation  ∫x^{n} dx = x^{n + 1}/n + 1 + C 
$\begin{array}{l}\frac{\mathrm{\partial f}(x,y)}{\mathrm{dy}}\end{array}$

partial derivative  Differentiating a function with respect to one variable considering the other variables as constant  ∂(x^{2}+y^{2})/∂x = 2x 
∭  triple integral  integration of the function of 3 variables 
$\begin{array}{l}{\int}_{1}^{2}{\int}_{2}^{3}{\int}_{0}^{1}(\mathrm{xyz}){\textstyle \phantom{\rule{0.222em}{0ex}}}\mathrm{dx\; dy\; dz}\end{array}$

∬  double integral  integration of the function of 2 variables  ∬(x^{3}+y^{3})dx dy 
∯  closed surface integral  Double integral over a closed surface  ∭_{V} (⛛.F)dV = ∯_{S} (F.n̂) dS 
∮  closed contour / line integral  Line integral over closed curve  ∮_{C} 2/z dz 
[a,b]  closed interval  [a,b] = {x  a ≤ x ≤ b}  sin x ∈ [ – 1, 1] 
∰  closed volume integral  Volume integral over a closed threedimensional domain  ∰ (x^{2} + y^{2} + z^{2}) dx dy dz 
(a,b)  open interval  (a,b) = {x  a < x < b}  f is continuous within (0, 1) 
z*  complex conjugate  z = a+bi → z*=abi  If z = 3 + 2i then z* = 3 – 2i 
i  imaginary unit  i ≡ √1  z = 3 + 2i 
∇  nabla / del  gradient / divergence operator  ∇f (x,y,z) 
$\begin{array}{l}\overrightarrow{x}\end{array}$

vector  A quantity with magnitude and direction 
$\begin{array}{l}\overrightarrow{x}=\hat{\mathrm{xi}}+\hat{\mathrm{yj}}+\hat{\mathrm{zk}}\end{array}$

x * y  convolution  Modification in a function due to the other function.  y(t) = x(t) * h(t) 
∞  lemniscate  infinity symbol  3x ≥ 0; x ∈ (0, ∞) 
δ  delta function  Dirac Delta function 
δ(x) = { 0 if x ≠0
{ ∞ if x = 0

Check: CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Previous Year Question Paper with Solutions
Constant Mathematical Symbols Name
In mathematics, a lot of symbols are employed with predetermined values. We can substitute those values for those symbols in order to simplify the expressions. Among the instances is the pi sign (π), which represents the numbers 3.14 and 22/7. The ratio of a circle’s diameter to its circumference is known as the pi symbol, which is a mathematical constant.
The pi sign is also known as the Archimedes constant in mathematics. Furthermore, the Mathematical esymbol, which has the value e= 2.718281828.The term “econstant” or “Euler’s constant” refers to this symbol. All of the popular constant mathematical symbols are listed in the table below, along with their explanation.
Symbol Name  Explanation 
0 (Zero)  Additive identity of common numbers 
1 (One)  Multiplicative identity of common numbers 
√2 (Square root of 2)  A positive number whose square is 2. Approximately equals 1.41421. 
e (Euler’s constant)  The base of the natural logarithm. Limit of the sequence (1 + (1/n)^{n} ). Approximately equals 2.71828 
The ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter. Halfcircumference of a unit circle. Approximately equals 3.14159  
Ratio between a larger number and p smaller number q when (p + q)/p = p/q. Positive solution to the equation y^{2}y1 = 0 .  
i (Imaginary unit)  The principal root of 1. The foundational component of a complex number. 
Advanced Maths Symbols
There are many advanced Maths symbols present in Mathematics in the field of combinatorics, linear algebra, etc. The list of all these symbols are given below for the sake of students preparing for the Mathematics subject.
Symbol  Symbol Name  Meaning  Example 
·  dot  scalar product  a·b 
×  cross  vector product  a×b 
A⊗B  tensor product  tensor product of A and B  A ⊗ B 
inner product  
[ ]  brackets  matrix of numbers  
 A   determinant  determinant of matrix A  
det(A)  determinant  determinant of matrix A  
∥ x ∥  double vertical bars  norm  
AT  transpose  matrix transpose  (AT ) ij = ( A ) ji 
A†  Hermitian matrix  matrix conjugate transpose  (A† ) ij = ( A ) ji 
A*  Hermitian matrix  matrix conjugate transpose  (A* ) ij = ( A ) ji 
A1  inverse matrix  A=1/A^1  
rank(A)  matrix rank  rank of matrix A  rank(A)= 3 
dim(U)  dimension  dimension of matrix A  dim(U)= 3 
n!  factorial  n! = 1⋅2⋅3⋅…⋅n  5! = 1⋅2⋅3⋅4⋅5 = 120 
_{n}P_{k}  permutation  n!/(nk)!  _{5}P_{3} = 5! / (53)! = 60 
_{n}C_{k}  combination  n!/[k!(nk)!]  _{5}C_{3} = 5!/[3!(53)!]=10 
Algebra Mathematical Symbols With Name and Examples
A mathematical component of algebra consists of symbols and the rules used to trick those symbols. Those symbols stand for variables, or nonfixed values, in algebra. In mathematics, algebra expresses the relationship between variables in a similar way to how sentences describe the relationship between specific words. The chart of the algebra mathematical symbols is given herein.
Symbol  Symbol Name  Meaning  Example 
χ  x variable  unknown value to find  when 2χ=4, then χ=2 
≡  equivalence  identical to  
≜  equal by definition  equal by definition  
≔  equal by definition  equal by definition  
∽  approximately equal  weak approximation  11∽10 
≈  approximately equal  approximation  sin(0.01) ≈ 0.01 
∝  proportional to  proportional to  y ∝ x when y=kx, k constant 
∞  lemniscate  infinity symbol  
≪  much less than  much less than  1≪1000000 
⁽ ⁾  much grataer than  much grataer than  1000000 ≫1 
⁽ ⁾  parentheses  calculate expression inside first  2 *(3+5) = 16 
[ ]  brackets  calculate expression inside first  [ (1+2)*(1+5) ] = 18 
{ }  braces  set  
⌊ χ ⌋  floor brackets  rounds number to lower integer  ⌊4.3⌋ = 4 
⌈ χ ⌉  ceiling brackets  rounds number to upper integer  ⌈4.3⌉ = 5 
χ!  exclamation mark  factorial  4! =1*2*3*4 = 24 
χ  vertical bars  absolute value   5  = 5 
Af(χ)  function of x  maps values of x to f(x)  f(x)=3x+5 
(f°g)  function composition  (f°g)(x)=f(g(x))  f(x)=3x,g(x)=x1⇒(f°g)(x)=3(x1) 
(a,b)  open interval  (a,b)={ x  a < x < b }  x∈(2,6) 
[a,b]  closed interval  [a,b]={x  a≤ x ≤b }  x&isin[2,6] 
Δ  delta  change / difference  Δ=t1t0 
Δ  discriminant  Δ=b²4ac  
∑  sigma  summation – sum of all values in range of series  ∑x1=x1+x2+…+xn 
∑∑  sigma  double summation  
∏  capital pi  product – product of all values in range of series  ∏x1=x1∙x2∙…∙xn 
e  e constant / Euler’s number  e = 2.718281828…  e =lim (1+1/x)x,x→∞ 
γ  EulerMascheroni constant  γ= 0.5772156649…  
φ  golden ratio  golden ratio constant  
π  pi constant  π = 3.141592654… is the ratio between the circumference and diameter of a circle  c=π⋅d=2⋅π⋅r 
Math Symbols Meaning for Probability and Statistics
Mathematics also includes statistics and probability. Since you have already studied statistics and probability in your junior classes, you must have encountered several mathematical symbols. The most significant symbols in statistics and probability are listed below.
Symbol  Symbol Name  Meaning  Example 
P(A)  probability function  probability of event A  P(A)= 0.5 
P(A ∩ B)  probability of events intersection  probability that of events A and B  P(A ∩ B)= 0.5 
P(A ∪ B)  probability of events union  probability that of events A or B  P(A ∪ B)= 0.5 
P(A  B)  conditional probability function  probability of event A given event B occurred  P(A  B)= 0.3 
f( X )  probability density function (pdf)  P( a ≤ x ≤ b ) =∫f( X ) dx  
F( X )  cumulative distribution function (cdf)  F( X ) =P( X ≤ x)  
μ  population mean  mean of population values  μ= 10 
E( X )  expectation value  expected value of random variable X  E( X ) = 10 
E( X  Y )  conditional expectation  expected value of random variable X given Y  E( X  Y = 2 ) = 5 
var( X )  variance  variance of random variable X  var( X )= 4 
σ2  variance  variance of population values  σ2= 4 
std( X )  standard deviation  standard deviation of random variable X  std( X ) = 2 
σx  standard deviation  standard deviation value of random variable X  σx = 2 
median  middle value of random variable x  
cov( X,Y )  covariance  covariance of random variables X and Y  cov( X,Y )= 4 
corr( X,Y )  correlation  correlation of random variables X and Y  corr( X,Y )= 0.6 
cov( X,Y )  covariance  covariance of random variables X and Y  cov( X,Y )= 4 
corr( X,Y )  correlation  correlation of random variables X and Y  corr( X,Y )= 0.6 
ρ x,y  correlation  correlation of random variables X and Y  ρ x,y= 0.6 
∑  summation  summation – sum of all values in range of series  
∑∑  double summation  double summation  
Mo  mode  value that occurs most frequently in population  
MR  midrange  MR =( xmax+xmin)/2  
Md  sample median  half the population is below this value  
Q1  lower / first quartile  25 % of population are below this value  
Q2  median / second quartile  50% of population are below this value = median of samples  
Q3  upper / third quartile  75% of population are below this value  
x  sample mean  average / arithmetic mean  x=(2+5+9) /3=5.333 
s2  sample variance  population samples variance estimator  s2= 4 
s  sample standard deviation  population samples standard deviation estimator  s= 2 
Zx  standard score  Zx=(xx)/ Sx  
X ~  distribution of X  distribution of random variable X  X ~ N (0,3) 
X ~  distribution of X  distribution of random variable X  X ~ N (0,3) 
N(μσ2)  normal distribution  gaussian distribution  X ~ N (0,3) 
U( a,b )  uniform distribution  equal probability in range a,b  X ~ U (0,3) 
exp(λ)  exponential distribution  f(x)=λeλx x≥0  
gamma(c, λ)  gamma distribution  f(x)=λ c xc1 eλx / Γ ( c ) x≥0  
χ2(k)  chisquare distribution  f(x)=xk/21 ex/2 / ( 2k/2Γ )(k/2) )  
F (k1,k2)  F distribution  
Bin( n,p )  binomial distribution  F(k) = nCk pk(1p)nk  
Poisson( λ )  Poisson distribution  F(k) = λkeλ / k !  
Geom( p )  geometric distribution  F(k) = p( 1p)k  
HG( N ,K ,n )  hypergeometric distribution  
Bern( p )  Bernoulli distribution 
Download Class 12 Mathematics Sample Paper 2024 with Solutions
Math Symbols Name: Set Theory
The set theory is an important domain of mathematics that contain many symbols. The list of symbols present in the set theory chapter of mathematics is tabulated hereunder.
Symbol  Symbol Name  Meaning  Example 
{ }  set  a collection of elements  A = {3,7,9,14}, 
B = {9,14,28}  
A ∩ B  intersection  objects that belong to set A and set B  A ∩ B = {9,14} 
A ∪ B  union  objects that belong to set A or set B  A ∪ B = {3,7,9,14,28} 
A ⊆ B  subset  A is a subset of B. set A is included in set B.  {9,14,28} ⊆ {9,14,28} 
A ⊂ B  proper subset / strict subset  A is a subset of B, but A is not equal to B.  {9,14} ⊂ {9,14,28} 
A ⊄ B  not subset  set A is not a subset of set B  {9,66} ⊄ {9,14,28} 
A ⊇ B  superset  A is a superset of B. set A includes set B  {9,14,28} ⊇ {9,14,28} 
A ⊃ B  proper superset / strict superset  A is a superset of B, but B is not equal to A.  {9,14,28} ⊃ {9,14} 
A ⊅ B  not superset  set A is not a superset of set B  {9,14,28} ⊅ {9,66} 
2^{A}  power set  all subsets of A  
P(A)  power set  all subsets of A  
A = B  equality  both sets have the same members  A={3,9,14}, 
B={3,9,14},  
A=B  
A^{c}  complement  all the objects that do not belong to set A  
A \ B  relative complement  objects that belong to A and not to B  A = {3,9,14}, 
B = {1,2,3},  
AB = {9,14}  
A – B  relative complement  objects that belong to A and not to B  A = {3,9,14}, 
B = {1,2,3},  
AB = {9,14}  
A ∆ B  symmetric difference  objects that belong to A or B but not to their intersection  A = {3,9,14}, 
B = {1,2,3},  
A ∆ B = {1,2,9,14}  
A ⊖ B  symmetric difference  objects that belong to A or B but not to their intersection  A = {3,9,14}, 
B = {1,2,3},  
A ⊖ B = {1,2,9,14}  
a∈A  element of,  set membership  A={3,9,14}, 3 ∈ A 
belongs to  
x∉A  not element of  no set membership  A={3,9,14}, 1 ∉ A 
(a,b)  ordered pair  collection of 2 elements  
A×B  cartesian product  set of all ordered pairs from A and B  A×B = {(a,b)a∈A , b∈B} 
A  cardinality  the number of elements of set A  A={3,9,14}, A=3 
#A  cardinality  the number of elements of set A  A={3,9,14}, #A=3 
  vertical bar  such that  A={x3<x<14} 
Φ  empty set  Φ = {}  C = {Φ} 
U  universal set  set of all possible values 
Mathematical Symbols Name for Logic
Logic is an important concepts in Mathematics which deals with the reasoning competence. The list of logic symbols along with their name and example is given below.
Symbol  Math Symbol Name  Math Symbols Meaning  Example 
^  caret / circumflex  and  x ^ y 
·  and  and  x · y 
+  plus  or  x + y 
&  ampersand  and  x & y 
  vertical line  or  x  y 
∨  reversed caret  or  x ∨ y 
X̄  bar  not – negation  x̄ 
x’  singlequote  not – negation  x’ 
!  Exclamation mark  not – negation  ! x 
¬  not  not – negation  ¬ x 
~  tilde  negation  ~ x 
⊕  circled plus / oplus  exclusive or – xor  x ⊕ y 
⇔  equivalent  if and only if (iff)  p: this year has 366 days 
q: this is a leap year  
p ⇔ q  
⇒  implies  Implication  p: a number is a multiple of 4 
q: the number is even  
p ⇒ q  
∈  Belong to/is an element of  Set membership  A = {1, 2, 3} 
2 ∈ A  
∉  Not element of  Negation of set membership  A={1, 2, 3} 
0 ∉ A  
∀  for all  Universal Quantifier  2n is even ∀ n ∈ N 
where N is a set of Natural Numbers  
↔  equivalent  if and only if (iff)  p: x is an even number 
q: x is divisible by 2  
p ↔ q  
∄  there does not exist  Negation of existential quantifier  b is not divisible by a, then ∄ n ∈ N such that b = na 
∃  there exists  Existential quantifier  b is divisible by a, then ∃ n ∈ N such that b = na 
∵  because / since  Because shorthand  a = b, b = c 
⇒ a = c (∵ a = b)  
∴  therefore  Therefore shorthand (Logical consequence)  x + 6 = 10 
∴ x = 4 
Greek Symbols Name in Mathematics
Greek alphabets are widely used by mathematicians in their work to represent variables, constants, functions, and other concepts. The following is a list of some of the Greek symbols that are frequently used in math:
Upper Case  Lower Case  Greek Letter Name  English Equivalent  Pronunciation 
Α  α  Alpha  a  alfa 
Β  β  Beta  b  beta 
Γ  γ  Gamma  g  gama 
Δ  δ  Delta  d  delta 
Ε  ε  Epsilon  e  epsilon 
Ζ  ζ  Zeta  z  Zeta 
Η  η  Eta  h  ehta 
Θ  θ  Theta  th  teta 
Ι  ι  Iota  i  iota 
Κ  κ  Kappa  k  kapa 
Λ  λ  Lambda  l  lamda 
Μ  μ  Mu  m  myoo 
Μ  μ  Mu  m  myoo 
Ν  ν  Nu  n  noo 
Ν  ν  Nu  n  noo 
Ξ  ξ  Xi  x  xee 
Ο  ο  Omicron  o  omeecron 
Π  π  Pi  p  payee 
Ρ  ρ  Rho  r  row 
Σ  σ  Sigma  s  sigma 
Τ  τ  Tau  t  taoo 
Υ  υ  Upsilon  u  oopsilon 
Φ  φ  Phi  ph  fee 
Χ  χ  Chi  ch  khee 
Ψ  ψ  Psi  ps  psee 
Ω  ω  Omega  o  omega 
Mathematical Symbols PDF
The PDF of the Mathematical symbols have been given below for download. Students can consult to this PDF whenever they want to know about the meaning and examples of the important mathematical symbols. These mathematical symbols are important for every exam, whether board exams or competitive exams.