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Education ministers of India since Independence (1947-2022)

Education Ministers of India

Dharmendra Pradhan is the recent Education Minister of India. In this article, we are talking about the Education Ministers of India and we will also know about some of the significant leaders who have had held this post.

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Education Minister of India 2022

Mr. Dharmendra Pradhan is the Education Minister of India in 2022. Previously, the Ministry of Education was known as the Ministry of Human Resource Development. The Ministry of Education is a government ministry in India that is in charge of implementing the National Policy on Education, which is separated into two departments, namely:

  1. The Department of School Education and Literacy- Deals with primary, secondary, and higher secondary education, as well as adult education and literacy.
  2. The Department of Higher Education- Deals with university-level education, technical education, scholarships, and so on.

Read: States and Capitals of India 2022

Current Education Minister of India: Dharmendra Pradhan

Dharmendra Pradhan, a member of the Council of Ministers, is the current education minister. Dharmendra Pradhan is an Indian politician who serves in the Indian government as the Minister of Education and the Minister of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship. He has also served as Minister of Steel and Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
On September 3, 2017, Pradhan was appointed to Cabinet Minister, and he presently serves as a Member of Parliament for Madhya Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha. He had also formerly served in the 14th Lok Sabha.
While an upper secondary student at Talcher College, he became an A.B.V.P. activist and eventually became the president of the Talcher College Student Union. In 1983, Pradhan began his political career as an activist for the Akhil Bhartiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP). He was then elected as the organization’s secretary.
He was elected to the 14th Lok Sabha after holding several posts in the BJP and was even elected to the Rajya Sabha twice, once in Bihar and once in Madhya Pradesh.

Read: President of India List

First Education Minister of India: Abul Kalam Azad

Abul Kalam Azad was the first Education Minister of Independent India. His full name was Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad. He was a senior leader of the Indian National Congress, an Indian independence movement, an Islamic theologian, and a writer. Maulana is an honorific that means ‘Our Master,’ and he went by the pen name Azad. His contribution to the establishment of India’s educational foundation is recognised by the country’s celebration of his birthday as National Education Day.
As a young man, Azad wrote Urdu poetry as well as treatises on religion and philosophy. He rose to popularity as a journalist, writing works critical of the British Raj and advocating for Indian nationalist causes.
Azad rose to prominence as the head of the Khilafat Campaign, during which he met Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi and became an avid admirer of Gandhi’s nonviolent civil disobedience ideas, working to organise the non-cooperation movement in response to the 1919 Rowlatt Acts. Azad was dedicated to Gandhi’s ideas, which included promoting Swadeshi (indigenous) products and the cause of Swaraj (Indian self-rule). He became the youngest President of the Indian National Congress in 1923 when he was 35 years old.
Azad was one of the major organisers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931, and he quickly rose to prominence as one of India’s most powerful national leaders, championing Hindu–Muslim unity as well as secularism and socialism. From 1940 until 1945, he was the president of the Congress, and it was at this time that the Quit India movement was launched. Azad, along with the entire Congress leadership, was imprisoned. Through the Al-Hilal newspaper, he also pushed for Hindu–Muslim reconciliation.

Read: First Governer of India

Education Ministers of India: Aims and Objectives of Education Ministry

Below mentioned are some of the main aims and objectives of the Ministry of Education:

  • The Ministry’s main goals are to develop the National Education Policy and guarantee that it is followed to the letter and spirit.
  • The planned development, including increasing access to education and enhancing the quality of educational institutions across the country, even in areas where people do not have easy access to it.
  • Special attention is paid to disadvantaged populations such as the poor, women, and minorities.
  • Provide financial assistance to worthy students from underserved communities in the form of scholarships, loan subsidies, and other forms of aid.
  • Encouraging international cooperation in the sphere of education, including collaboration with UNESCO, other governments, and universities to improve the country’s educational possibilities.

Education Ministers of India List since independence

 

S.No. Name of Education Ministers of India Tenure
1. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad 15th August 1947-22nd January 1958
2. Dr. K. L. Shrimali(Minister of State) 22nd January 1958-31st August 1963
3. Shri Humayun Kabir 1st September 1963-21st November 1963
4. Shri. M. C. Chagla 21st November 1963-13th November 1966
5. Shri. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 14th November 1966-13th March 1967
6. Dr. Triguna Sen 16th March 1967-14th February 1969
7. Dr. V. K. R. V. Rao 14th February 1969-18th March 1971
8. Shri. Siddhartha Shankar Ray 18th March 1971-20th March 1972
9. Prof. S. Nurul Hasan(as Minister of State) 24th March 1972-24th March 1977
10. Prof. Pratap Chandra Chunder  26th March 1977-28th July 1979
11. Dr. Karan Singh 30th July 1979-14th January 1980
12. Shri. B. Shankaranand 14th January 1980-17th October 1980
13. Shri. S.B. Chavan 17th October 1980-8th August 1981
14. Smt. Sheila Kaul(as Minister of State) 10th August 1981-31st December 1984
15. Shri. K. C. Pant 31st December 1984-25th September 1985
16. Shri. P.V. Narasimha Rao

(As a Prime Minister)

25th September 1985-25th June 1988,
25th December 1994-9th February 1995,
17th January 1996-16th May 1996
17. Shri. P.Shiv Shankar 25th June 1988-2ndDecember 1989
18. Shri. V.P. Singh(as Prime Minister) 2nd December 1989-10th November 1990
19. Shri. Rajmangal Pandey 21st November 1990-21st June 1991
20. Shri. Arjun Singh 23rd June 1991-24th December 1994,
22nd May 2004-22nd May 2009
21. Shri. Madhavrao Scindia 10th February 1995-17th January 1996
22. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee (as Prime Minister) 16th May 1996-1st June 1996
23. Shri. S.R. Bommai

 

5th June 1996-19th March 1998
24. Dr. Murali Manohar Joshi 19th March 1998-21st May 2004
25. Shri Kapil Sibal 22nd May 2009-28th October 2012
26. Shri. M. M. Pallam Raju 29th October 2012-25th May 2014
27. Smt. Smriti Irani 26th May 2014-5thJuly 2016
28. Shri. Prakash Javdekar 5th July 2016 (evening)-31 May 2019
29. Ramesh Pokhriyal 31 May 2019 – 21-June 2021
30. Dharmendra Pradhan 21 June 2021 – Till Now

FAQs on Education ministers of India since Independence (1947-2022)

Who was India’s first education minister?

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad served as India’s first education minister.

What is the full form of Mhrd?

The whole word stands for MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT.

Who was the first Prime Minister of India?

Since 1947 India has had 15 prime ministers. India’s first prime minister was Jawaharlal Nehru.

Who is the current Prime Minister of India?

Shri Narendra Modi is India’s current Prime Minister and is marking his second term in office.

Who is the head of a ministry?

A minister is a politician who is in charge of a specific ministry.

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