Red Data Book: The Red Data Book is a document kept by a state or country to record and document uncommon and endangered plant and animal species found inside its borders. The Red Data Book aids studies and research on endangered species and subspecies of animals by providing extensive information. Furthermore, it aids in the coordination and development of monitoring programmes for these endangered and rare species.
The Red Data Book assists us in gathering comprehensive data for research, studies, and monitoring initiatives involving rare and endangered animals and their ecosystems.
It is extremely useful in developing effective procedures that could aid in the protection of a variety of endangered species.
The purpose of this book is to identify and protect species that are on the verge of extinction.
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Red Data Book Contains Data of Animals, Plants, and Fungus
The first Red Data Book, which included animals, plants, and fungus, was based on substantial research undertaken by scientists in the Soviet Union between 1961 and 1964. Since 1964, the IUCN has maintained the Red Data Book, which uses a set of criteria to assess the risk of extinction of thousands of endangered species and subspecies all around the world. The collection of criteria has been designed to be applicable to all species and locations of the globe. It has earned a reputation as one of the most reliable sources of information on the present state of biological variation in the world at any given time.
The data in the Red Data Book is organised into colour-coded categories based on the level of jeopardy that a species has been discovered to be in. The particular meanings of the information’s colour coding are described below.
- Black: Extinct species
- Red: Critically Endangered Species
- Orange: Endangered Species
- Amber: Vulnerable Species
- White: Rare Species
- Green: Out of Danger Species
- Grey: Species that are “endangered, vulnerable, or rare but with insufficient evidence to correctly categorise them”
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Red Book is Famous for Endangered Species
However, besides the centralised IUCN Red Data Book, individual states or nations maintain regional or national red data books that contain cumulative data on endangered species within their respective territorial limits. This is because of the below mentioned probable reasons:
- It can be used to calculate the total population of any plant or animal species.
- It can be used to assess taxa on a pan-global level.
- It can be used to determine the state of any species’ conservation.
- It can be used to assess the risk of extinction for any animal, plant, or fungus at any point in time.
- It can help with the development of a conservation plan for an endangered animal or plant species.
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Red Data Book of India
The following categories for endangered species have been identified by the IUCN Red Data Book of India.
- Critically Endangered Mammals-Malabar Civet (Viverra civettina)
- Endangered Mammals-Dhole / Asiatic wild dog or Indian wild dog (Cuon alpinus), Lion-tailed macaque / wanderoo (macaca silenus), Nilgiri langur / Nilgiri leaf monkey (Trachypithecus johnii) and Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius)
- Vulnerable Mammals-Gaur / Indian Bison and Nilgiri marten (Martes gwatkinsii)
- Critically Endangered Birds-Spoon Billed Sandpiper (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus)
- Near Threatened Reptiles-Sispara day gecko (Cnemaspis sisparensis)
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FAQs of Red Data Book
What is the purpose of a Red Data Book?
A Red Data Book is a document that keeps track of all of a country’s or state’s endangered animals, plants, and fungi.
What Is a Red Data Book and Why Is It Important?
A Red Data Book is essential for the protection of a state’s or country’s endangered species. It gives all pertinent information about rare plant and animal species in order to promote research and studies.
In India, who creates the Red Data Book?
The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources publishes ‘Red Data Books’ (IUCN).
What is the number of Critically Endangered species in the Red Data Book?
According to the Red Data Book of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), India includes 132 Critically Endangered plant and animal species.
How many species have become extinct?
A total of 902 species have been identified as extinct around the world.