NCERT Solutions for Class 10 SST Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries- Introduction
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 SST Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries is given in the article.NCERT Solutions Class 10 is the best resource for obtaining a good score in the class 10 board Examination. Here are Adda247 Expert faculty team prepared NCERT Solutions for Class 10 SST GeographyChapter 6 Manufacturing Industries along with in-text questions and exercises of that chapter for a better grasp of the topics. These solutions will help you understand the concepts covered in the chapter completely. So that students can pass their board exams with good scores. Keep learning with Adda247.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries Pdf
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NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries: Quick Revision
Let’s quickly review the subjects and subtopics covered in Class 10 SST Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries.
- Importance of Manufacturing
- Contribution of the industry to the National Economy
- Industrial Location
- Classification of Industries
- Agro-Based industries
- Textile Industry
- Sugar Industry
- Minerals based industry
- Iron and Steel Industry
- Chemical Industry
- Automobile Industry
- Information Technology and Electronics Industry
- Cement Industry
5. Industrial Pollution and Environmental Degradation
6. Control of Environmental Degradation
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 SST Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries: Video Explanation
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries Questions with Answers
1. Multiple choice questions.
(i) Which one of the following industries uses limestone as a raw material?
(a) Aluminium (b) Cement (c) Plastic (d) Automobile
(ii) Which one of the following agencies markets steel for the public sector plants?
(a) HAIL (b) SAIL (c) TATA Steel (d) MNCC
(iii) Which one of the following industries uses bauxite as a raw material?
(a) Aluminium (b) Cement (c) Paper (d) Steel
Ans: (a) Aluminium
(iv) Which one of the following industries manufactures telephones, computers, etc?
(a) Steel (b) Electronic (c) Aluminium Smelting (d) Information Technology
Ans: (b) Electronic
2 . Answer the following briefly in not more than 30 words.
(i) What is manufacturing?
(ii) Name any three physical factors for the location of the industry.
- Raw material availability
- Proximity to the market
- Power availability
(iii) Name any three human factors for the location of an industry.
- The availability of low-cost labour,
- Availability of Capital, Consultants, and other services.
- financial advice and market availability
(iv) What are basic industries? Give an example.
3 . Write the answers to the following questions in 120 words.
(i) How are integrated steel plants different from mini steel plants? What problems does the industry face? What recent developments have led to a rise in production capacity?
Ans: Difference between Mini steel plants and integrated steel plants: In many ways, integrated steel plants differ from mini steel plants. Integrated steel factories are huge and handle everything in one complex, from raw material preparation to steel production, rolling, and shape.
Mini steel factories are smaller than traditional steel plants, use electric furnaces, and employ steel scrap and sponge iron. They also have re-rollers that employ steel ingots. They manufacture mild and alloy steel to particular standards.
The steel industry is faced with the following challenges:
- Infrastructure with a high cost
- Transportation issue
- Coking coal is in short supply.
- Lower labour productivity
- Lower labour productivity
- Inadequate infrastructure
Recent developments that have led to a rise in production capacity are liberalisation and Foreign Direct Investment, with help from private entrepreneurs and the enhancement of existing production processes through the use of new technological technology
(ii) How do industries pollute the environment?
Industries are responsible for mainly 4 types of environmental pollution. Such as Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution and Noise pollution.
Air pollution: Air pollution occurs when unsafe or excessive volumes of pollutants, such as smoke and toxic gases from industry, CFCs and oxides produced by cars, the combustion of solid wastes, and so on, are released into the environment.
Water pollution: Water contamination is currently a major issue for people. Pollutants such as sewage waste, pesticides, household and agricultural waste, industrial or factory waste, and other pollutants are thrown directly into bodies of water such as canals, rivers, and seas.
Soil pollution: Farmers utilise a variety of fertilisers, herbicides, fungicides, and other chemical chemicals. This further contaminates the soil, rendering it unfit for crop cultivation. Furthermore, soil pollution occurs when authorities dump residential or industrial waste into the soil.
Noise Pollution: The noise produced by manufacturers is unpleasant and intolerable. Only when sound becomes undesirable does it become noise, and when it becomes more than that, it is referred to as “noise pollution.” Noise pollution is increasing as a result of a large number of vehicles on the road.
(iii) Discuss the steps to be taken to minimize environmental degradation by industry?
The steps to be taken to minimize environmental degradation by industry are
- To control water pollution, industrial effluents must be treated at all three stages (primary, secondary, and tertiary).
- Water consumption can be reduced by reusing and recycling it in two or more steps.
- Rainwater can be captured to meet water needs, and groundwater usage should be limited by law.
- To reduce air pollution, smokestacks in factories should be equipped with electrostatic precipitators, fabric filters, scrubbers, and inertial separators. Smoke can also be decreased by utilising oil or gas instead of coal.
- Using latest techniques and modifying existing equipment to boost energy efficiency.
- Using silencers on noise-generating equipment. Noise pollution can be reduced by equipping generators with silencers, engineering machinery to limit noise, and wearing earplugs.
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 SST Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries-FAQs
Q, What is manufacturing?
Q.How can I access the online PDF of the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 SST Geography Chapter 6?
Ans. you can download the detailed NCERT Solutions for Class 10 SST Geography Chapter 6 PDF from the link given in the article.
Q.How does using Adda247’s NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 6 Manufacturing Industries benefit you?
Ans. The advantages of using Adda247’s NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography are as follows:
- A video explanation is provided to students in addition to the NCERT solution.
- Additionally, a PDF is included, which can be downloaded and saved for later use