Table of Contents
Legal Reasoning Questions
The Legal Aptitude for CLAT test has evolved into a comprehension-based aptitude test with indirect and inference-based questions. The Consortium creates exam questions to test the student’s ability to think coherently.
To give you an idea of the questions asked under this division, we have compiled the Legal Reasoning Questions from previous years.
Legal Reasoning for CLAT 2023
The validity of a contract ,the first requirement of a valid contract is an agreement. Every promise and all set of promises, forming the consideration for each other is an agreement. When a person to whom the proposal is made defines his assent, the proposal is said to be accepted. A proposal, when accepted, becomes a promise. An agreement is valid when one party makes a proposal or offer to other party signifies his assent.
The following are required for a valid agreement. (1) The agreement must be between two persons. It is required to be between an offeror and an offeree, who accepts the offer becomes an acceptor. Both these parties should be different persons, as one cannot enter into an agreement with himself. (2) Both the offeror and offeree in the same sense and at the same time should understand the agreement. Sometimes, there may be invitations to offer in case of advertisement of products.
An agreement to mature into a contract must create legal obligation as per the provision of contract laws that is a duty enforceable by law. Any agreement which does not create any enforceability, i.e. where the parties do not have a right to approach the court of law to avail legal remedy for breach of contract will not be a contract. This is displayed through the intention to enter into a legally binding contract which is different from a mere promise. Parties must know that if any one of them fails to fulfil his/her part of the promise, he/she would be liable for the failure of the contract.
Consideration is described as something in return. It is also vital for the validity of the contract. A promise to do something or to provide something without anything in return will not be enforceable at law and, therefore, will not be valid. Consideration need not be in kind or cash. A contract without consideration is a wagering contract or betting. Besides, the consideration must also be lawful. There is no requirement of these principles being only applicable to natural persons, they are equally applicable to corporations that qualify as legal persons.
Legal Reasoning Topics for CLAT 2023
- Understand and infer the rules and principles given in the passage
- Application of such rules and principles to various fact situations
- Understand the consequences of the change to the rules or principles in various fact situations.
Legal Reasoning Questions for CLAT 2023 from PDF
Q 1. A wishes to buy 10KGs of rice from B. He writes a letter to B stating the same. B states that he would charge Rs. 100 per KG of rice and would be able to supply the same. A agrees to buy rice from B.
- A is the offeror and B is the offeree. B’s acceptance of A’s offer constitutes an agreement
- B is the offeror and A is the offeree. A’s acceptance of B’s offer constitutes an agreement.
- A is the offeror and B is the offerre. Since acceptance was not conveyed the first time, no agreement is constituted
- B is the offeror and A is the offeree. Since acceptance was not conveyed the first time, no agreement is constituted
Q 2. Please refer to the facts above. When B wrote a letter to A stating the price of the contract, A did not write back to B. B, however sent 10 KGs of rice to A’s home and now demands money.
- A’s initial offer signifies his interest in making an offer and a contract is formed.
- B’s letter to A is an acceptance of A’s offer and thus a contract is formed
- A should not have ordered such huge quantities of rice in the first place
- A did not respond to B’s letter and hence never accepted the offer
Q 3. A saw outside B’s shop an advertisement that stated that rice is being sold for 20 Rs a KG. He rushed inside and loaded 10 KGs of rice in a bag. When he reached the counter, he was refused the sale of rice at such a low price. Decide
- A should be given the rice at the said price as B was bound by a contract
- A should not be given the rice as no contract had been formed
- A should be given the rice as A accepted the offer that was put for public display by going to the shop
- A should not be given the rice as the advertisement was not an offer but only an invitation to offer.
Q 4. A owns a group of industries across various sectors in the market. His steel corporation is running short of money and requires immediate financial assistance to support its expansion plans. As there was no time, the banking corporation owned by A gave credit to the steel corporation.
- This is a valid contract as there are two legal persons involved
- Both corporations are controlled by the same owner. There are no two persons involved and the contract is invalid
- The contract is valid for offer and acceptance was given
- None of the above.
Q 5. A wishes to buy B’s white coloured truck. When he went to speak to B however, he stated that wanted to buy B’s truck. He did not know that B had two trucks one white and one blue. B thought that A was talking about his blue coloured truck. B agreed to sell and A agreed to buy. Decide
- This is a valid contract as the parties had the same thing in mind i.e. truck.
- This is an invalid contract as the parties did not have the same thing in mind while contracting.
- This is a valid contract for the colour of the truck is immaterial.
- Law should not take note of trifles.
Q 6. A’s father tells him over dinner “If you score 100 marks in you exam tomorrow, I’ll buy you a motorcycle”. A scores 100 marks but father later refuses. A sues his father
- This is a valid contract as there was an intention to enter into a legally binding contract.
- This is an invalid contract as there was no intention to enter into a legally binding contract.
- This is an enforceable contract as there was an intention to enter into a legally binding contract.
- This is an unenforceable contract as there was no intention to enter into a legally binding contract.
Legal Reasoning Solutions for CLAT 2023
To find the solutions of the above questions watch the given video
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Legal Reasoning Questions for CLAT 2023- FAQs
Que. How many questions are asked in the CLAT Legal Reasoning section?
Ans. Around 35-39 questions are asked from the CLAT Legal Reasoning section.
Que. How many marks are awarded for each correct answer in the CLAT Legal Reasoning section?
Ans. For each correct answers, 1 mark will be awarded.
Que. Is there any negative marking for wrong answers in CLAT?
Ans. Yes, for each wrong answer 0.25 marks will be deducted.